Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
Dr. Feng Gao is a Staff Scientist in the Catalysis Science Group within the Chemical and Material Sciences Division at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He also belongs to the Institute for Integrated Catalysis (IIC) at PNNL. Dr. Gao's research interests are in surface chemistry and heterogeneous catalysis; in particular the understanding of structure-function relationships on well-defined catalytic systems using a variety of spectroscopic techniques and reaction kinetics. After graduating from Tianjin University in 1994 in Chemical Engineering, he continued his graduate training at the same university, studying solid acid, metal and oxide catalysts for various applications. In 2000 he joined Prof. Wilfred T. Tysoe's group at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee studying Surface Science, and received a Ph.D. degree in Physical Chemistry in 2004. He stayed in the same group for 3 years as a Research Associate working on enantioselective chemisorption/reaction and vinyl acetate synthesis on model catalysts. He then joined Prof. D. Wayne Goodman's group at Texas A&M University as a Research Associate in 2007, working on pressure-dependent kinetics and IR spectroscopy for CO oxidation and CO/NO reactions on model noble metal and alloy surfaces. He then worked for 2 years at Washington State University as a Research Staff before joining PNNL in 2011. Dr. Gao is currently leading 3 research projects associated with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx using state-of-the-art zeolite-based catalysts. He is an author of 80+ peer reviewed publications.
- Experimental catalytic reactions on well-defined heterogeneous catalysts.
- Spectroscopic characterization of surface species relevant to the understanding of the kinetics and mechanisms of environmentally important catalytic reactions, in particular selective catalytic reduction of NOx.
- Synthesis of state-of-the-art zeolite and oxide supported catalysts.
- Operando kinetic/spectroscopic studies of heterogeneous catalytic processes.
Education and Credentials
- 2011-present, Staff Scientist, Catalysis Science, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA
- 2009-2011, Research Staff, Washington State University, Pullman, WA
- 2007-2009, Research Associate, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX (Advisor: Prof. DW Goodman)
- 2004-2007, Research Associate, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (Advisor: Prof. WT Tysoe)
- 2000-2004, Ph.D., Physical Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (Advisor: Prof. WT Tysoe)
- 1990-2000, B.E., M.E., D.E., Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, PR China. (Advisors: Profs. JW Sun and SH Zhong)
Affiliations and Professional Service
- Member, American Chemical Society (ACS)
- Member of the North American Catalysis Society
Awards and Recognitions
- Recognition of Innovation by DOE EERE, 2015
- Keynote lecture at 24th NAM meeting, 2015
- Gao F, ED Walter, NM Washton, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 162:501-514. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.07.029
- Gao F, M Kollar, RK Kukkadapu, NM Washton, Y Wang, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Fe/SSZ-13 as an NH3-SCR Catalyst: A Reaction Kinetics and FTIR/Mössbauer Spectroscopic Study." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 164:407-419. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.031
- Gao F, GG Muntean, CHF Peden, K Howden, N Currier, K Kamasamudram, A Kumar, J Li, J Luo, R Stafford, A Yezerets, M Castagnola, HY Chen, and H. Hess. 2014. "Enhanced High- and Low-Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Catalyst Materials." Chapter III.4 in FY 2014 Progress Report for Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development, vol. DOE/EE-1153, ed. G Singh, pp. III-19 - III-24. US Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office, Washington DC.
- Luo J, F Gao, DH Kim, and CHF Peden. 2014. "Effects of Potassium loading and thermal aging on K/Pt/Al2O3 high-temperature lean NOx trap catalysts." Catalysis Today 231:164-172. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2013.12.020
- Gao F, ED Walter, M Kollar, Y Wang, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2014. "Understanding ammonia selective catalytic reduction kinetics over Cu-SSZ-13 from motion of the Cu ions." Journal of Catalysis 319:1-14. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2014.08.010
- Kwak JH, T Varga, CHF Peden, F Gao, JC Hanson, and J Szanyi. 2014. "Following the movement of Cu ions in a SSZ-13 zeolite during dehydration, reduction and adsorption: a combined in situ TP-XRD, XANES/DRIFTS study." Journal of Catalysis 314(1):83-93. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2014.03.003
- Lercher JA, AM Appel, T Autrey, RM Bullock, DM Camaioni, HM Cho, DA Dixon, Z Dohnalek, F Gao, VA Glezakou, MA Henderson, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, AJ Karkamkar, BD Kay, GA Kimmel, JC Linehan, J Liu, I Lyubinetsky, D Mei, CHF Peden, RJ Rousseau, GK Schenter, WJ Shaw, J Szanyi, H Wang, Y Wang, and RS Weber. 2014. "Multifunctional Catalysts to Synthesize and Utilize Energy Carriers." In Frontiers at the Interface between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis, II, pp. 207-219. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Washington, DC.
- Li WZ, L Kovarik, D Mei, MH Engelhard, F Gao, J Liu, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2014. "A general mechanism for stabilizing the small sizes of precious metal nanoparticles on oxide supports." Chemistry of Materials 26(19):5475-5481. doi:10.1021/cm5013203
- Li Y, Z Wei, F Gao, L Kovarik, CHF Peden, and Y Wang. 2014. "Effects of CeO2 Support Facets on VOx/CeO2 Catalysts in Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Methanol." Journal of Catalysis 315(1):15-24. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2014.04.013
- Stewart ML, A Zelenyuk, F Gao, GG Muntean, CHF Peden, KG Rappe, J Szanyi, and K Howden. 2014. "CLEERS Aftertreatment Modeling and Analysis." Chapter III.3 in FY 2014 Progress Report for Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development, vol. DOE/EE-1156, ed. G Singh, pp. III-13 - III-18. US Department of Energy: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office, Washington, DC.
- Wang D, F Gao, CHF Peden, J Li, K Kamasamudram, and WS Epling. 2014. "Selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 over a Cu-SSZ-13 catalyst prepared by a solid state ion exchange method." ChemCatChem 6(6):1579-1583. doi:10.1002/cctc.201402010
- Zhang R, JS McEwen, M Kollar, F Gao, Y Wang, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2014. "NO Chemisorption on Cu/SSZ-13: a Comparative Study from Infrared Spectroscopy and DFT Calculations." ACS Catalysis 4(11):4093-4105. doi:10.1021/cs500563s
- Gao F, ED Walter, NM Washton, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2013. "Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu-SAPO-34 Catalysts for Ammonia Selective Catalytic Reduction. 1. Aqueous Solution Ion Exchange." ACS Catalysis 3(9):2083-2093. doi:10.1021/cs4004672
- Gao F, JH Kwak, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2013. "Current Understanding of Cu-Exchanged Chabazite Molecular Sieves for Use as Commercial Diesel Engine DeNOx Catalysts." Topics in Catalysis 56(15-17):1441-1459. doi:10.1007/s11244-013-0145-8
- Gao F, JH Kwak, JH Lee, DN Tran, CHF Peden, K Howden, Y Cheng, J Lupescu, G Cavattaio, C Lambert, and RW McCabe. 2013. Final Report of a CRADA Between Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the Ford Motor Company (CRADA No. PNNL/265): "Deactivation Mechanisms of Base Metal/Zeolite Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction Materials, and Development of Zeolite-Based Hydrocarbon Adsorber Materials". PNNL-22120, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Gao F, ED Walter, EM Karp, JY Luo, RG Tonkyn, JH Kwak, J Szanyi, and CHF Peden. 2013. "Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by Reaction Kinetics and EPR Studies." Journal of Catalysis 300(1):20-29. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2012.12.020
- Li Y, Z Wei, J Sun, F Gao, CHF Peden, and Y Wang. 2013. "Effect of Sodium on the Catalytic Properties of VOx/CeO2 Catalysts for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Methanol." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117(11):5722-5729. doi:10.1021/jp310512m
- Gao F, and DW Goodman. 2012. "Model Catalysts: Simulating the Complexities of Heterogeneous Catalysts." Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 63:265-286. doi:10.1146/annurev-physchem-032511-143722
- Gao F, and WD Goodman. 2012. "CO oxidation over ruthenium: identification of the catalytically active phases at near-atmospheric pressures." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(19):6688 - 6697. doi:10.1039/C2CP40121E
- Gao F, and WD Goodman. 2012. "Pd-Au bimetallic catalysts: understanding alloy effects from planar models and (supported) nanoparticles." Chemical Society Reviews 41(24):8009-8020. doi:10.1039/C2CS35160A
- Gao F, JH Kwak, JH Lee, DN Tran, CHF Peden, K Howden, Y Cheng, J Lupescu, G Cavattaio, C Lambert, and RW McCabe. 2012. "Deactivation Mechanisms of Base Metal/Zeolite Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction Materials, and Development of Zeolite-Based Hydrocarbon Adsorber Materials." Chapter III.9 in Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development 2012 Annual Progress Report, vol. DOE/EE-0872, ed. G Singh, pp. III-40 - III-44. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington DC.
- Gao F, DH Kim, J Luo, GG Muntean, CHF Peden, K Howden, N Currier, K Kamasamudram, A Kumar, J Li, R Stafford, A Yezerets, M Castagnola, HY Chen, and H. Hess. 2012. "Enhanced High Temperature Performance of NOx Reduction Catalyst Materials." Chapter III.2 in Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development 2012 Annual Progress Report, vol. DOE/EE-0872, ed. G Singh, pp. III-8 - III-12. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington DC.
- Muntean GG, MN Devarakonda, F Gao, JH Kwak, JY Luo, CHF Peden, ML Stewart, J Szanyi, DN Tran, and K Howden. 2012. "CLEERS Aftertreatment Modeling and Analysis." Chapter III.1 in Advanced Combustion Engine Research and Development 2012 Annual Progress Report, vol. DIE/EE-0872, ed. G Singh, pp. III-3 - III-7. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington DC.
- Sun J, K Zhu, F Gao, CM Wang, J Liu, CHF Peden, and Y Wang. 2011. "Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides with Balanced Acid-Base Sites." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(29):11096-11099. doi:10.1021/ja204235v