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Nigel

Nigel Browning

Materials Sciences
Laboratory Fellow
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K2-12
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Nigel Browning received his undergraduate degree in Physics from the University of Reading, U. K., and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Cambridge, U. K. After completing his Ph.D. in 1992, he joined the Solid State Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as a postdoctoral research associate before taking a faculty position in the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) in 1995. In 2002, he moved to the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the University of California-Davis (UCD) and also held a joint appointment in the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). In 2005 he moved the joint appointment from LBNL to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to become project leader for the Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM). In 2009, he also joined the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology at UC-Davis to focus on the development of the DTEM to study live biological structures. Dr. Browning held the rank of Full Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and was the Director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Electron Microscopy (ICEM) at UC-Davis. His research focused on the development of new methods in electron microscopy for high spatial, temporal and spectroscopic resolution analysis of engineering and biological structures.

Research Interests

  • The structure-property relationships at atomic scale defects and internal interfaces.
  • Atomic resolution and sensitivity imaging and analytical techniques in (scanning) transmission electron microscopy (S/TEM).
  • Dynamic and Ultrafast methods for TEM, diffraction and spectroscopy.

Education and Credentials

  • B.Sc. (Hons.), University of Reading, U. K. (1988). First Class Honors in Physics and Subsidiary Mathematics
  • Ph.D., University of Cambridge, U. K. (1992). "A Study of Oxide Superconductors by EELS in STEM." Advisor: Professor L. M. Brown, FRS.

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Materials Research Society
  • American Physical Society
  • American Ceramic Society
  • Microscopy Society of America
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science

Awards and Recognitions

PNNL Publications

2015

  • El-Khoury PZ, Y Gong, P Abellan, BW Arey, AG Joly, D Hu, JE Evans, ND Browning, and WP Hess. 2015. "Tip-Enhanced Raman Nanographs: Mapping Topography and Local Electric Fields." Nano Letters 15(4):2385-2390.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00609
  • Krishnan PSSR, JA Aguiar, QM Ramasse, DM Kepaptsoglou, WI Liang, YH Chu, ND Browning, PR Munroe, and V Nagarajan. 2015. "Mapping strain modulated electronic structure perturbations in mixed phase bismuth ferrite thin films." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3(8):1835-1845.  doi: 10.1039/C4TC02064B
  • Luo J, F Gao, AM Karim, P Xu, ND Browning, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Advantages of MgAlOx over gamma-Al2O3 as a support material for potassium-based high temperature lean NOx traps." ACS Catalysis 5(8):4680-4689.  doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b00542
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, C Park, DA Welch, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, CM Wang, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Observation and Quantification of Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries by Operando Electrochemical (S)TEM." Nano Letters 15(3):2168-2176.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00175
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, DA Welch, C Park, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Quantification of Electrochemical Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries By OperandoEC-(S)TEM." In ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage with SOFC-XIV, July 26-31, 2015, Glasgow, Scotland, vol. MA2015-03, p. Abstract No. 432.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Parent LR, DB Robinson, PJ Cappillino, RJ Hartnett, P Abellan Baeza, JE Evans, ND Browning, and I Arslan. 2015. "In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During the Synthesis of Ordered Nanoporous Metal in Soft Templates." Chemistry of Materials 26(3):1426-1433.  doi:10.1021/cm4035209
  • Parent LR, Y Cheng, P Sushko, Y Shao, J Liu, CM Wang, and ND Browning. 2015. "Realizing the Full Potential of Insertion Anodes for Mg-ion Batteries Through the Nano-Structuring of Sn." Nano Letters 15(2):1177-1182.  doi:10.1021/nl5042534
  • Park C, TJ Woehl, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2015. "Minimum Cost Multi-way Data Association for Optimizing Multitarget Tracking of Interacting Objects." IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine intelligence 37(3):611-624.  doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2014.2346202
  • Patterson JP, P Abellan Baeza, MS Denny, JR, C Park, ND Browning, SM Cohen, JE Evans, and NC Gianneschi. 2015. "Observing the Growth of Metal-Organic Frameworks by In-Situ Liquid Cell Transmission Electron Microscopy." Journal of the American Chemical Society 137(23):7322-7328.  doi:10.1021/jacs.5b00817
  • Welch DA, BL Mehdi, HJ Hatchell, R Faller, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2015. "Using Molecular Dynamics to quantify the electrical double layer and examine the potential for its direct observation in the in-situ TEM." Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging 1(1):Article No. 1.  doi:10.1186/s40679-014-0002-2
  • Yang H, HS Lee, PG Kotula, Y Sato, Y Ikuhara, and ND Browning. 2015. "Amphoteric Doping of Praseodymium Pr3+ in SrTiO3 Grain Boundaries." Applied Physics Letters 106(12):Article No. 121904.  doi:10.1063/1.4916223
  • Zheng J, P Xu, M Gu, J Xiao, ND Browning, P Yan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Structural and Chemical Evolution of Li- and Mn-rich Layered Cathode Material." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1381-1390.  doi:10.1021/cm5045978

2014

  • Abellan Baeza P, BL Mehdi, LR Parent, M Gu, C Park, W Xu, Y Zhang, I Arslan, J Zhang, CM Wang, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2014. "Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for Li-ion Batteries by In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy." Nano Letters 14(3):1293-1299.  doi:10.1021/nl404271k
  • Abellan Baeza P, TJ Woehl, LR Parent, ND Browning, JE Evans, and I Arslan. 2014. "Factors influencing quantitative liquid (scanning) transmission electron microscopy." Chemical Communications 50(38):4873-80.  doi:10.1039/c3cc48479c
  • Adams BD, R Black, C Radtke, Z Williams, BL Mehdi, ND Browning, and LF Nazar. 2014. "The Importance of Nanometric Passivating Films on Cathodes forLi - Air Batteries." ACS Nano 8(12):124831-12493.  doi:10.1021/nn505337p
  • El-Khoury PZ, E Khon, Y Gong, AG Joly, P Abellan, JE Evans, ND Browning, D Hu, M Zamkov, and WP Hess. 2014. "Electric Field Enhancement in a Self-Assembled 2D Array of Silver Nanospheres." Journal of Chemical Physics 141(21):Article No. 214308.  doi:10.1063/1.4902905
  • Gu M, X Xiao, G Liu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, and CM Wang. 2014. "Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3684.  doi:10.1038/srep03684
  • Kistler JD, N Chotigkrai, P Xu, B Enderle, P Praserthdam, CY Chen, ND Browning, and BC Gates. 2014. "A Single-Site Platinum CO Oxidation Catalyst in Zeolite KLTL: Microscopic and Spectroscopic Determination of the Locations of the Platinum Atoms." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 53(34):8904-8907.  doi:10.1002/anie.201403353
  • Martinez-Macias C, P Xu, SJ Hwang, J Lu, CY Chen, ND Browning, and BC Gates. 2014. "Iridium Complexes and Clusters in Dealuminated Zeolite HY: Distribution between Crystalline and Impurity Amorphous Regions." ACS Catalysis 4(8):2662-2666.  doi:10.1021/cs5006426
  • Mehdi BL, M Gu, LR Parent, W Xu, EN Nasybulin, X Chen, RR Unocic, P Xu, DA Welch, P Abellan, J Zhang, J Liu, CM Wang, I Arslan, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2014. "In Situ Electrochemical Transmission Electron Microscopy for Battery Research." Microscopy and Microanalysis 20(2):484-492.  doi:10.1017/S1431927614000488
  • Moeck P, BW York, and ND Browning. 2014. "Symmetries of migration related segments of all [001] coincidence site lattice tilt boundaries in (001) projections for all holohedral cubic materials." Crystal Research & Technology 49(9):708-720.  doi:10.1002/crat.201400071
  • Muntifering BR, RC Pond, L Kovarik, ND Browning, and P Muller. 2014. "Intra-variant Substructure in Ni-Mn-Ga Martensite: Conjugation Boundaries ." Acta Materialia 71:255-263.  doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.03.018
  • Nasybulin EN, W Xu, BL Mehdi, EC Thomsen, MH Engelhard, RC Masse, P Bhattacharya, M Gu, WD Bennett, Z Nie, CM Wang, ND Browning, and J Zhang. 2014. "Formation of Interfacial Layer and Long-Term Cylability of Li-O-2 Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(16):14141-14151.  doi:10.1021/am503390q
  • Parent LR, DB Robinson, PJ Cappillino, RJ Hartnett, P Abellan, JE Evans, ND Browning, and I Arslan. 2014. "In Situ Observation of Directed Nanoparticle Aggregation During the Synthesis of Ordered Nanoporous Metal in Soft Templates." Chemistry of Materials 26(3):1426-1433.  doi:10.1021/cm4035209
  • Proetto MT, AM Rush, MP Chien, P Abellan Baeza, JP Patterson, MP Thompson, NH Olson, CE Moore, AL Rheingold, C Andolina, J Millstone, SB Howell, ND Browning, JE Evans, and NC Gianneschi. 2014. "Dynamics of soft Nanomaterials captured by transmission electron microscopy in liquid water." Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(4):1162-1165.  doi:10.1021/ja408513m
  • Stevens AJ, H Yang, L Carin, I Arslan, and ND Browning. 2014. "The Potential for Bayesian Compressive Sensing to Significantly Reduce Electron Dose in High Resolution STEM Images." Journal of Electron Microscopy 63(1):41 - 51.  doi:10.1093/jmicro/dft042
  • Woehl TJ, C Park, JE Evans, I Arslan, WD Ristenpart, and ND Browning. 2014. "Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate." Nano Letters 14(1):373-378.  doi:10.1021/nl4043328
  • Yang H, PG Kotula, Y Sato, M Chi, Y Ikuhara, and ND Browning. 2014. "Segregation of Mn2+ Dopants as Interstitials in SrTiO3 Grain Boundaries." Materials Research Letters 2(1):16-22.  doi:10.1080/21663831.2013.856815

2013

  • Browning ND, C Aydin, J Lu, A Kulkarni, NL Okamoto, V Ortalan, BW Reed, A Uzun, and BC Gates. 2013. "Quantitative Z-Contrast Imaging of Supported Metal Complexes and Clusters - A Gateway to Understanding Catalysis on the Atomic Scale." ChemCatChem 5(9):2673-2683.  doi:10.1002/cctc.201200872
  • Browning ND. 2013. "Electron Microscopy: Phase Transition Singled Out." Nature Chemistry 5(5):363-364.  doi:10.1038/nchem.1632
  • Aydin C, A Kulkarni, M Chi, ND Browning, and BC Gates. 2013. "Three-Dimensional Structural Analysis of MgO-Supported Osmium Clusters by Electron Microscopy with Single-Atom Sensitivity." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 52(20):5262-5265.  doi:10.1002/anie.201300238
  • Chambers SA, M Gu, PV Sushko, H Yang, CM Wang, and ND Browning. 2013. "Ultra-low contact resistance at an epitaxial metal/oxide heterojunction through interstitial site doping." Advanced Materials 25(29):4001-4005.  doi:10.1002/adma.201301030
  • Evans JE, and ND Browning. 2013. "Enabling direct nanoscale observations of biological reactions with dynamic TEM." Microscopy 62(1):147-156.  doi:10.1093/jmicro/dfs081
  • Grutter AJ, H Yang, BJ Kirby, MR Fitzsimmons, JA Aguiar, ND Browning, CA Jenkins, E Arenholz, VV Mehta, US Alaan, and Y Suzuki. 2013. "Interfacial Ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 Superlattices." Physical Review Letters 111(8):087202.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.087202
  • Gu M, A Genc, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Nanoscale Phase Separation, Cation Ordering, and Surface Oxygen Chemistry in Pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 25(11):2319-2236.  doi:10.1021/cm4009392
  • Gu M, A Kushima, Y Shao, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, J Li, and CM Wang. 2013. "Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 13(11):5203-5211.  doi:10.1021/nl402633n
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, J Zheng, H Wu, J Xiao, A Genc, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 7(1):760-767.  doi:10.1021/nn305065u
  • Gu M, LR Parent, BL Mehdi, RR Unocic, MT Mcdowell, RL Sacci, W Xu, JG Connell, P Xu, P Abellan Baeza, X Chen, Y Zhang, DE Perea, JE Evans, L Lauhon, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, Y Cui, I Arslan, and CM Wang. 2013. "Demonstration of an Electrochemical Liquid Cell for Operando Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of the Lithiation/Delithiation Behavior of Si Nanowire Battery Anodes." Nano Letters 13(12):6106-6112.  doi:10.1021/nl403402q
  • Mehraeen S, J McKeown, PV Deshmukh, JE Evans, P Abellan Baeza, P Xu, BW Reed, ML Taheri, PE Fischione, and ND Browning. 2013. "A (S)TEM Gas Cell Holder with Localized Laser Heating for In Situ Experiments." Microscopy and Microanalysis 19(2):470-478.  doi:10.1017/S1431927612014419
  • Sacci RL, NJ Dudney, KL More, LR Parent, I Arslan, ND Browning, and RR Unocic. 2013. "Direct Visualization of Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics During Lithium Deposition by in situ Electrochemical Transmission Electron Microscopy." Chemical Communications 50(17):2104-2107.  doi:10.1039/c3cc49029g
  • Tong W, H Yang, P Moeck, MI Nandasiri, and ND Browning. 2013. "General Schema for [001] Tilt Grain Boundaries in Dense Packing Cubic Crystals." Acta Materialia 61(9):3392-3398.  doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2013.02.029
  • Wang J, S Ganguly, S Sen, ND Browning, and SM Kauzlarich. 2013. "Synthesis and characterization of P-doped amorphous and nanocrystalline Si." Polyhedron 58(Special Issue):156-161.  doi:10.1016/j.poly.2012.10.011
  • Welch DA, R Faller, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2013. "Simulating realistic imaging conditions for in situ liquid microscopy." Ultramicroscopy 135:36-42.  doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2013.05.010
  • Woehl TJ, KL Jungjohann, JE Evans, I Arslan, WD Ristenpart, and ND Browning. 2013. "Experimental procedures to mitigate electron beam induced artifacts during in situ fluid imaging of nanomaterials." Ultramicroscopy 127:53-63.  doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2012.07.018
  • Yang H, HS Lee, MC Sarahan, Y Sato, M Chi, P Moeck, Y Ikuhara, and ND Browning. 2013. "Quantifying stoichiometry-induced variations in structure and energy of a SrTiO3 symmetric S13 {510}/<100?>?grain boundary." Philosophical Magazine A 93(10-12):1219-1229.  doi:10.1080/14786435.2012.746479

2012

  • Aguiar J, QM Ramasse, MD Asta, and ND Browning. 2012. "Investigating the electronic structure of fluorite-structured oxide compounds: comparison of experimental EELS with first principles calculations." Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 24(29):295503.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/24/29/295503
  • Evans JE, KL Jungjohann, and ND Browning. 2012. "Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy." In Characterization of Materials, 2nd ed, ed. EN Kaufmann.  John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ. 
  • Evans JE, KL Jungjohann, PCK Wong, PL Chiu, GH Dutrow, I Arslan, and ND Browning. 2012. "Visualizing Macromolecular Complexes with In Situ Liquid Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy." Micron 43(11):1085-1090.  doi:10.1016/j.micron.2012.01.018
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, A Genc, Z Wang, D Wang, K Amine, F Gao, G Zhou, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2012. "Conflicting Roles Of Nickel In Controlling Cathode Performance In Lithium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12(10):5186-5191.  doi:10.1021/nl302249v
  • Jungjohann KL, JE Evans, J Aguiar, I Arslan, and ND Browning. 2012. "Atomic-Scale Imaging and Spectroscopy for In Situ Liquid Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy." Microscopy and Microanalysis 18(3):621-627.  doi:10.1017/S1431927612000104
  • Kabius BC, ND Browning, S Thevuthasan, BL Diehl, and EA Stach. 2012. Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary ReportPNNL-21407, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lu J, C Aydin, ND Browning, and BC Gates. 2012. "Imaging Isolated Gold Atom Catalytic Sites in Zeolite NaY." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 51(24):5842-5846.  doi:10.1002/anie.201107391
  • Parent LR, DR Robinson, TJ Woehl, WD Ristenpart, JE Evans, ND Browning, and I Arslan. 2012. "Direct in Situ Observation of Nanoparticle Synthesis in a Liquid Crystal Surfactant Template." ACS Nano 6(4):3589-3596.  doi:10.1021/nn300671g
  • Townsend TK, ND Browning, and F Osterloh. 2012. "Nanoscale Strontium Titanate Photocatalysts for Overall Water Splitting." ACS Nano 6(8):7420-7426.  doi:10.1021/nn302647u
  • Townsend TK, ND Browning, and F Osterloh. 2012. "Overall Photocatalytic Water Splitting with NiOx-SrTiO3 - A Revised Mechanism." Energy & Environmental Science 5(11):9543-9550.  doi:10.1039/c2ee22665k
  • Woehl TJ, JE Evans, I Arslan, WD Ristenpart, and ND Browning. 2012. "Direct in Situ Determination of the Mechanisms Controlling Nanoparticle Nucleation and Growth." ACS Nano 6(10):8599-8610.  doi:10.1021/nn303371y

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