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Staff information

Birgit Schwenzer

Birgit Schwenzer

Materials Sciences
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K2-01
Richland, WA 99352

Research Interests

  • Synthesis and characterization of inorganic structures, composite materials and organometallic compounds
  • Structure-property relationship investigations for inorganic nano- and microstructures

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. (Dr. rer. nat.), Chemistry, Universität Konstanz, Germany, 2002
  • M.S., Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 1998

Affiliations and Professional Service

PNNL Publications


  • Vilayur Ganapathy S, MI Nandasiri, AG Joly, PZ El-Khoury, T Varga, GW Coffey, B Schwenzer, A Pandey, AN Kayani, WP Hess, and S Thevuthasan. 2013. "Silver nanorod arrays for photocathode applications." Applied Physics Letters 103(16):Article No. 161112.  doi:10.1063/1.4825262
  • Xiao L, Y Cao, J Xiao, B Schwenzer, MH Engelhard, LV Saraf, Z Nie, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 2013. "Molecular Structures of Polymer/Sulfur Composites for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with Long Cycle Life." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(33):9517-9526.  doi:10.1039/C3TA10865A


  • Schwenzer B, L Wang, JS Swensen, AB Padmaperuma, G Silverman, R Korotkov, and DJ Gaspar. 2012. "Tuning the Optical Properties of Mesoporous TiO2 Films by Nanoscale Engineering." Langmuir 28(26):10072-10081.  doi:10.1021/la301450h
  • Cao Y, L Xiao, ML Sushko, W Wang, B Schwenzer, J Xiao, Z Nie, LV Saraf, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2012. "Sodium Ion Insertion in Hollow Carbon Nanowires for Battery Applications." Nano Letters 12(7):3783-3787.  doi:10.1021/nl3016957
  • Tian J, LV Saraf, B Schwenzer, SM Taylor, EK Brechin, J Liu, SJ Dalgarno, and PK Thallapally. 2012. "Selective Metal Cation Capture by Soft Anionic Metal-Organic Frameworks via Drastic Single-Crystal-to-Single-Crystal Transformations." Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(23):9581-9584.  doi:10.1021/ja303092m
  • Vijayakumar M, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, J Liu, GL Graff, and JZ Hu. 2012. "Investigation of Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite Membranes used in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 42:71-80.  doi:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2011.11.005
  • Xiao L, Y Cao, J Xiao, B Schwenzer, MH Engelhard, LV Saraf, Z Nie, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 2012. "A Soft Approach to Encapsulate Sulfur: Polyaniline Nanotubes for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with Long Cycle Life." Advanced Materials 24(9):1176-1181.  doi:10.1002/adma.201103392


  • Schwenzer B, J Zhang, S Kim, L Li, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "Membrane Development for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." ChemSusChem 4(10):1388 - 1406.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201100068
  • Schwenzer B, S Kim, M Vijayakumar, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2011. "Correlation of Structural Differences between Nafion/Polyaniline and Nafion/Polypyrrole Composite Membranes and Observed Transport Properties." Journal of Membrane Science 372(1-2):11-19 .  doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.01.025
  • Kim S, TB Tighe, B Schwenzer, J Yan, J Zhang, J Liu, Z Yang, and MA Hickner. 2011. "Chemical and Mechanical Degradation of Sulfonated Poly(sulfone) Membranes in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 41(10):1201-1213.  doi:10.1007/s10800-011-0313-0
  • Li X, Y Cao, WN Qi, LV Saraf, J Xiao, Z Nie, J Mietek, J Zhang, B Schwenzer, and J Liu. 2011. "Optimization of mesoporous carbon structures for lithium-sulfur battery applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(41):16603-16610.  doi:10.1039/C1JM12979A
  • Vijayakumar M, BM Sivakumar, P Nachimuthu, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, J Liu, GL Graff, S Thevuthasan, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Spectroscopic Investigations of the Fouling Process on Nafion Membranes in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Membrane Science 366(1-2):325-334.  doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.10.018
  • Zhang J, L Li, Z Nie, B Chen, M Vijayakumar, S Kim, W Wang, B Schwenzer, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "Effects of additives on the stability of electrolytes for all-vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 41(10 - Special Issue S1):1215-1221.  doi:10.1007/s10800-011-0312-1


  • Kim S, J Yan, B Schwenzer, J Zhang, L Li, J Liu, Z Yang, and MA Hickner. 2010. "Cycling performance and efficiency of sulfonated poly(sulfone) membranes in vanadium redox flow batteries ." Electrochemistry Communications 12(11):1650-1653.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.09.018

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