Richard H. Moss
Terrestrial Processes & Adaptation
Richard H. Moss is a senior scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Joint Global Change Research Institute, located at the University of Maryland in College Park, MD. Moss’s research focuses on two issues at the intersection of global environmental change and decision support science: understanding how individuals and organizations use scientific information about climate change and other environmental phenomena in making decisions; and tailoring research products to better support consideration of climate change in planning and investment decisions. His past and ongoing research includes (1) characterizing and communicating uncertainty to guide integrated modeling and increase the usability of scientific assessments; (2) quantitative and qualitative indicators of vulnerability at scales from national to support resilience planning; (3) climate and socioeconomic scenarios for research, assessment, and decision support, including the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) and ongoing work to integrate scientific scenarios and participatory scenario planning; and (4) research assessing vulnerability of facilities dependent upon complex configurations of natural and built infrastructure.
Moss has held several public service positions at the science-policy interface, including as Director of the US Global Change Research Program Office (spanning the Clinton and G.W. Bush Administrations). He has served as a technical support director, author, and review editor for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), as well as chair of the IPCC task group on scenarios. He was director of climate and energy programs at the World Wildlife Fund and the UN Foundation. He also played multiple roles for the recent US National Climate Assessment (NCA), including as chair of the NCA scenarios working group, co-convening lead author of the decision support resources chapter, and lead author of a special report that provided recommendations on the next phases of the sustained NCA process. Moss chairs the National Academy of Science Board on Environmental Change and Society. He received his doctoral and master’s degrees from Princeton University in public policy, and his B.A. from Carleton College. He is a fellow of the American Society for the Advancement of Science and the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program.
Richard H. Moss: Joint Global Change Research Institute Publications.
- Integrated multi-sector, multi-scale modeling of systems affected by climate change and other stresses
- Characterizing and communicating uncertainty to guide integrated modeling and increase the usability of scientific assessments
- Quantitative and qualitative indicators of vulnerability at scales from national to support resilience planning;
- Climate and socioeconomic scenarios for research, assessment, and decision support, including the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) and ongoing work to integrate scientific scenarios and participatory scenario planning
- Assessing vulnerability of facilities dependent upon complex configurations of natural and built infrastructure
Education and Credentials
- Ph.D., Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (1987)
- M.P.A., Princeton University (1983)
- B.A., Carleton College (1977)
Affiliations and Professional Service
- Chair, National Academy of Sciences, Board on Environmental Change and Society (2009-present)
- Member, executive committee of federal advisory committee for the US National Climate Assessment (2011-2014)
- Chair, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Task Group on Scenarios (2002-2011)
- Climatic Change Editorial Board (1999-present)
- Annual Review of Energy and the Environment Editorial Board (1994-1999)
Awards and Recognitions
- Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (2007)
- Distinguished Associate, U.S. Department of Energy (2004)
- Aldo Leopold Fellow (2001)
- International Affairs Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations (NY) (1991-1993)
- Moss RH. 2016. "Assessing Decision Support Systems and Levels of Confidence to Narrow the Climate Information “Usability Gap”." Climatic Change 135(1):143-155. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1549-1
- Buizer JL, K Dow, ME Black, K Jacobs, A Waple, RH Moss, S Moser, A Luers, DI Gustafson, TC Richmond, SL Hays, and CB Field. 2016. "Building a sustained climate assessment process." Climatic Change 135(1):23-37. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1501-4
- Kunkel KE, RH Moss, and A Parris. 2016. "Innovations in science and scenarios for assessment." Climatic Change 135(1):55-68. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1494-z
- Moser S, J Melillo, K Jacobs, RH Moss, and JL Buizer. 2016. "Aspirations and common tensions: larger lessons from the third US national climate assessment." Climatic Change 135(1):187-201. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1530-z
- Kraucunas IP, LE Clarke, JA Dirks, JE Hathaway, MI Hejazi, KA Hibbard, M Huang, C Jin, MCW Kintner-Meyer, K Kleese van Dam, LYR Leung, H Li, RH Moss, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, MJ Scott, AM Thomson, N Voisin, and TO West. 2015. "Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)." Climatic Change 129(3-4):573-588. doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1064-9
- Scott MJ, DS Daly, JE Hathaway, CS Lansing, Y Liu, HC McJeon, RH Moss, PL Patel, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, and Y Zhou. 2015. "Calculating Impacts of Energy Standards on Energy Demand in U.S. Buildings with Uncertainty in an Integrated Assessment Model." Energy 90(Part 2):1682-1694. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2015.06.127
- Engle NL, A de Bremond, EL Malone, and RH Moss. 2014. "Towards a resilience indicator framework for making climate-change adaptation decisions." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 19(8):1295-1312. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9475-x
- Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, KV Calvin, RH Moss, and SH Kim. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81:205-226. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
- Meehl J, RH Moss, KE Taylor, V Eyring, RJ Stouffer, S Bony, and B Stevens. 2014. "Climate Model Intercomparisons: Preparing for the Next Phase." Eos 95(9):77-78. doi:10.1002/2014EO090001
- Scott MJ, DS Daly, JE Hathaway, CS Lansing, Y Liu, HC McJeon, RH Moss, PL Patel, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, and Y Zhou. 2014. Calculating Impacts of Energy Standards on Energy Demand in U.S. Buildings under Uncertainty with an Integrated Assessment Model: Technical Background Data. PNNL-23918, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Weaver CP, S Mooney, D Allen, N Beller-Simms, T Fish, A Grambsch, W Hohenstein, K Jacobs, MA Kenney, MA Lane, L Langner, E Larson, DL McGinnis, RH Moss, LG Nichols, C Nierenberg, EA Seyller, P Stern, and R Winthrop. 2014. "From global change science to action with social sciences." Nature Climate Change 4(8):656-659. doi:10.1038/nclimate2319
- West TO, ME Brown, RM Duran, S Ogle, and RH Moss. 2013. "Definition, Capabilities, and Components of a Terrestrial Carbon Monitoring System." Carbon Management 4(4):413-422. doi:10.4155/CMT.13.36
- Eom J, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JJ Dooley, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, PL Patel, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., ed. RG Watts, pp. 81-138 CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL.
- Moss RH, G Meehl, MC Lemos, JB Smith, JR Arnold, JC Arnott, D Behar, GP Brasseur, SB Broomell, A Busalacchi, S Dessai, KL Ebi, JA Edmonds, J Furlow, L Goddard, H Hartmann, J Hurrell, JW Katzenberger, DM Liverman, P Mote, SC Moser, A Kumar, R Pulwarty, EA Seyller, BL Turner, WM Washington, and T Wilbanks. 2013. "Hell and High Water: Practice-Relevant Adaptation Science." Science 342(6159):696-698 . doi:10.1126/science.1239569
- Moss RH, and MA Lane. 2012. "Decisionmaking, Transitions, and Resilient Futures." Issues in Science and Technology 28(4):31-34.
- Rice JS, RH Moss, PJ Runci, KL Anderson, and EL Malone. 2012. "Incorporating Stakeholder Decision Support Needs into an Integrated Regional Earth System Model ." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 17(7):805-819. doi:10.1007/s11027-011-9345-3
- Eom J, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, P Luckow, RH Moss, PL Patel, and MA Wise. 2012. "Exploring the Future Role of Asia Utilizing A Scenario Matrix Architecture and Shared Socio-Ecosystem Pathways." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S325-S338. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.012
- Kriegler E, B O'Neill, S Hallegatte, T Kram, R Lempert, RH Moss, and T Wilbanks. 2012. "The need for and use of socio-economic scenarios for climate change analysis: A new approach based on shared socio-economic pathways." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 22(4):807-822. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.05.005
- Rosa E, T Dietz, RH Moss, S Atran, and S Moser. 2012. "Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism." Solutions: For a Sustainable and Desirable Future 3(2):59-65.
- Rosa E, T Dietz, RH Moss, S Atran, and S Moser. 2012. "Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism." Solutions: For a Sustainable and Desirable Future 3(2):59-65.
- Van Vuuren D, K Riahi, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, AM Thomson, N Nakicenovic, T Kram, F Berkhout, R Swart, AC Janetos, SK Rose, and N Arnell. 2012. "A proposal for a new scenario framework to support research and assessment in different climate research communities." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 22(1):21-35. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.08.002
- Moss RH. 2011. "Reducing Doubt About Uncertainty: Guidance for IPCC’s Third Assessment." Climatic Change 108(4):641-658. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0182-x
- Moss RH, NL Engle, J Hall, K Jacobs, R Lempert, LO Mearns, J Melillo, P Mote, S O'Brien, C Rosenzweig, A Ruane, S Sheppard, RW Vallario, A Wiek, and T Wilbanks. 2011. US National Climate Assessment (NCA) Scenarios for Assessing Our Climate Future: Issues and Methodological Perspectives Background Whitepaper for Participants . PNNL-20040, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Unwin SD, RH Moss, JS Rice, and MJ Scott. 2011. Characterizing Uncertainty for Regional Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Decisions. PNNL-20788, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Rice JS, PJ Runci, RH Moss, and KL Anderson. 2010. iRESM INITIATIVE UNDERSTANDING DECISION SUPPORT NEEDS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION --US Midwest Region- . PNNL-20104, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.
- Manning M, JA Edmonds, S Emori, A Grubler, KA Hibbard, F Joos, M Kainuma, R Keeling, T Kram, A Manning, M Meinhausen, RH Moss, N Nakicenovic, K Riahi, SK Rose, SJ Smith, R Swart, and D Van Vuuren. 2010. "Misrepresentation of the IPCC CO2 emission scenarios ." Nature Geoscience 3(6):376-377.
- Moss RH, JA Edmonds, K Hibbard, M Manning, SK Rose, D Van Vuuren, T Carter, S Emori, M Kainuma, T Kram, G Meehl, J Mitchell, N Nakicenovic, K Riahi, SJ Smith, R Stouffer, AM Thomson, J Weyant, and T Wilbanks. 2010. "The Next Generation of Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment." Nature 463(7282):747-756. doi:10.1038/nature08823
- Moss RH, M Babiker, S Brinkman, E Calvo, T Carter, JA Edmonds, I Elgizouli, S Emori, E Lin, K Hibbard, R Jones, M Kainuma, J Kelleher, JF Lamarque, M Manning, B Matthews, J Meehl, L Meyer, J Mitchell, N Nakicenovic, B O'Neill, R Pichs, K Riahi, S Rose, PJ Runci, R Stouffer, D VanVuuren, J Weyant, T Wilbanks, JP van Ypersele, and M Zurek. 2008. "Towards New Scenarios for Analysis of Emissions, Climate Change, Impacts, and Response Strategies." In IPCC Expert Meeting Report: Towards New Scenarios, p. 132. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland.
- Rosa EA, T Dietz, R Moss, S Atran, and S Moser. 2012. "Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism." Solutions 3(2): 59-65.
- Moss RH and G Yohe. 2011: "Assessing and Communicating Confidence Levels and Uncertainties in the Main Conclusions of the National Climate Assessment 2013 Report: Guidance for Authors and Contributors." National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee (NCADAC).
- Kriegler E, BC O'Neill, S Hallegatte, T Kram, R Lempert, RH Moss, and TJ Wilbanks. 2010. "Socio-economic Scenario Development for Climate Change Analysis." CIRED Working Paper DT/WP No. 2010-23.
- Marengo JA, K Averyt, B Hewitson, N Leary, and RH Moss, Editors. 2009. Climate Research Special Issue: Integrating Analysis of Regional Climate Change and Response Options. Vol. 40, No. 2-3. Print ISSN: 0936-577X; Online ISSN: 1616-1572. CR SPECIAL 20 contains selected papers from a meeting of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis (TGICA), held in 2007 to catalyze interdisciplinary research on climate change, impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation.
Moss RH. 2007. "Improving Information for Managing an Uncertain Future Climate." Global Environmental Change 17(1):4-7. DOI:10.1016/j-gloenvcha.2006.12.002.
- Bierbaum RM, JP Holdren, MC MacCracken, RH Moss, and PH Raven, Editors. 2007. Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable. Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change (SEG). Report prepared for the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, Sigma Xi Research, Triangle Park, North Carolina, and the United Nations Foundation, Washington, D.C.
- Jochem E, Z Dadi, I Bashmakov, U Farinelli, MK Halpeth, N Jollands, T Kaiser, J Laitner, M Levine, F Moisan, HC Park, A Platonova-Oquab, R Schaeffer, J Sathaye, J Siegel, D Urge-Vorsatz, E Usher, Y Wang, E Worrell, R. Moss, W Chandler, H Gwin, D Harwood, R Detchon, P Long, K Shickman, R Hobert, T Singh, J Gastellum, J Cass, N Davis, and L Freimuth. 2007. Realizing the Potential of Energy Efficiency: Targets, Policies, and Measures for G8 Countries. Expert Group on Energy Efficiency, United Nations Foundation Expert Report, Washington, D.C., 72 pp.
- Mahoney JR, RH Moss, DM Allen, J Amthor, SK Avery, JH Butler, MC Gregg, DJ Kokken, S Eden, G Fisher, SA Harrington, CJ Koblinsky, DM Legler, S MacCracken, J Orrego, RS Piltz, NA Sundt, AN Tribble, B Ward, and RC Worrest. 2003. Strategic Plan and Vision for the Climate Change Science Program: A Report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Washington, D.C. Coordinated drafting and review of the strategic plan as director of the program office.
- Moss RH and SH Schneider. 2001. "Towards Consistent Assessment and Reporting of Uncertainties in the IPCC TAR." In: Cross-Cutting Issues in the IPCC Third Assessment Report, R Pachauri and T Taniguchi, Editors, Global Industrial and Social Progress Research Institute for Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Tokyo, Japan.
- Moss RH, AL Brenkert, and EL Malone. 2001. "Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Quantitative Approach." PNNL-SA-33642, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
- Watson RT, JA Dixon, SP Hamburg, AC Janetos, and RH Moss. 2001. Protecting Our Planet, Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs. United Nations Environment Programme, U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and The World Bank, Nairobi and Washington, D.C., 95 pp.
- Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 2001. The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York, 517 pp.
- Moss RH. 1998. "Water and the Challenge of Linked Environmental Changes." Water Resources Update (Universities Council on Water Resources) 112(1):6-9.
- Schimel D, M Grubb, F Joos, R Kaufmann, RH Moss, W Ogana, R Richels, and T Wigley. 1997. Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-Economic Implications, JT Houghton, L Gylvan, M Filho, DJ Griggs, and K Maskell, Editors. Technical Paper No. 3, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 56 pp.
- Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 1996. Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change. Technical Paper No. 1, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 85 pp.
- Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 1995. Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation (Scientific and Technical Analyses). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York, 880 pp.
- Turner BL, RH Moss, and DL Skole. 1993. Relating Land Use and Global Land Cover Change. International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Williamson P and RH Moss. 1993. "Degrees of National Wealth." Nature 362: Art. No.782. DOI:10.1038/362782a0.