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Staff information

Scott

Scott Chambers

Materials Sciences
Laboratory Fellow
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-87
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Dr. Chambers is the Technical Group Leader for the PNNL Oxide Epitaxy Group. He has focused on the preparation and properties of model surfaces and interfaces for his entire career. His interests have ranged from metals to conventional Group IV and Group III-V semiconductors to simple and complex oxides. His current interests focus on the effects of doping on the structure and functional properties of epitaxial oxide films of various kinds. Such materials are of significant interest in a variety of scientific and technological arenas, including oxide electronics, thermal and photocatalysis, and surface geochemistry. Of specific interest is modification of electronic, magnetic, optical, and photochemical properties by controlled doping, with an eye toward novel behavior that could give rise to new and useful technologies based on oxides. His film deposition methods of choice are molecular beam epitaxy and off-axis pulsed laser deposition, assisted by activated oxygen from an oxygen plasma generator or ozone. He brings a variety of in situ and ex situ characterization methods to bear on the these materials, including high-resolution x-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, Rutherford backscattering, scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy. He also collaborates closely with Prof. Peter Sushko of University College London, who carries out first principles theoretical calculations in direct support of Dr. Chambers' experimental efforts.

Before joining Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 1992, Dr. Chambers was a staff scientist at the Boeing High Technology Center in Seattle. In that role, he conducted research in the epitaxial growth of intermetallic compounds on III-V compound semiconductors, in support of the development of advanced digital and analog devices for aerospace electronics applications. Prior to that he was Associate and Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Bethel University and George Fox University, respectively.

Research Interests

  • Optical, electronic and magnetic properties of Sr-doped LaCrO3(001) and LaFeO3(001) epitaxial films.
  • Anion doping in complex oxide epitaxial films.
  • Electronic, optical and surface photochemical properties of Ti-doped CrxFe2-xO3(0001) epitaxial films.
  • Enhancing electronic transport properties by novel doping in epitaxial ZnO(0001).

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Physical Chemistry, Oregon State University
  • A.B. degree, Chemistry, University of California at San Diego

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science, Member
  • American Physical Society, Member
  • American Vacuum Society, Fellow
  • Materials Research Society, Member
  • Sigma Xi, Member
  • University of Washington: Affiliate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Affiliate Professor of Chemistry
  • Member of external advisory boards and international program committees.

Awards and Recognitions

  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Wiley Research Fellow, 2009
  • E.W. Mueller Award in 2004 for outstanding achievements in surface science from the Laboratory for Surface Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer Award in 2002 for "Molecular Beam Epitaxy Semiconductor Wafer Development"
  • Laboratory Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2000
  • Fellow of the American Vacuum Society in 1996 for his pioneering contributions to the development and use of Auger and x-ray photoelectron diffraction.

PNNL Publications

2014

  • Droubay TC, SA Chambers, AG Joly, WP Hess, K Nemeth, KC Harkay, and L Spentzouris. 2014. "Metal-Insulator Photocathode Heterojunction for Directed Electron Emission." Physical Review Letters 112(6):067601(5).  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.067601
  • Kaspar TC, SE Chamberlin, ME Bowden, RJ Colby, V Shutthanandan, S Manandhar, Y Wang, P Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Impact of Lattice Mismatch and Stoichiometry on the Structure and Bandgap of (Fe,Cr)2O3 Epitaxial Thin Films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 26(13):Article No. 135005.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/13/135005
  • Du Y, TC Droubay, AV Liyu, G Li, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Self-corrected Sensors Based On Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy For Atom Flux Measurements In Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Applied Physics Letters 104(16):Article No. 163110.  doi:10.1063/1.4873544

2013

  • He W, S VilayurGanapathy, AG Joly, TC Droubay, SA Chambers, JR Maldonado, and WP Hess. 2013. "Comparison of CsBr and KBr coated Cu photocathodes: Effects of laser irradiation and work function changes." Applied Physics Letters 102(7):Article No. 071604.  doi:10.1063/1.4793214
  • Kaspar TC, SE Chamberlin, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Surface structure of a-Cr2O3(0001) after activated oxygen exposure." Surface Science 618:159-166.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2013.09.005
  • Qiao L, H Zhang, ME Bowden, T Varga, V Shutthanandan, RJ Colby, Y Du, BC Kabius, PV Sushko, MD Biegalski, and SA Chambers. 2013. "The Impacts of Cation Stoichiometry and Substrate Surface Quality on Nucleation, Structure, Defect Formation, and Intermixing in Complex Oxide Heteroepitaxy-LaCrO3 on SrTiO3(001)." Advanced Functional Materials 23(23):2953-2963.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201202655
  • Qiao L, HY Xiao, SM Heald, ME Bowden, T Varga, GJ Exarhos, MD Biegalski, IN Ivanov, WJ Weber, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2013. "The impact of crystal symmetry on the electronic structure and functional properties of complex lanthanum chromium oxides." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 1(30):4527-4535.  doi:10.1039/C3TC30883A
  • Wang Y, KA Lopata, SA Chambers, N Govind, and PV Sushko. 2013. "Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117(48):25504-25512.  doi:10.1021/jp407496w
  • Chamberlin SE, Y Wang, KA Lopata, TC Kaspar, A Cohn, DR Gamelin, N Govind, PV Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Optical Absorption and Spectral Photoconductivity in a-(Fe1-xCrx)2O3 Solid-Solution Thin Films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 25(39):392002.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/25/39/392002
  • Chambers SA, M Gu, PV Sushko, H Yang, CM Wang, and ND Browning. 2013. "Ultra-low contact resistance at an epitaxial metal/oxide heterojunction through interstitial site doping." Advanced Materials 25(29):4001-4005.  doi:10.1002/adma.201301030
  • Colby RJ, L Qiao, H Zhang, V Shutthanandan, J Ciston, BC Kabius, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Cation Intermixing And Electronic Deviations At The Insulating LaCrO3/SrTiO3(001) Interface." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 88(15):155325-1 to 155325-9.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.155325
  • Kovacs A, A Ney, M Duchamp, V Ney, C Boothroyd, PL Galindo, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, and R Dunin-Borkowski. 2013. "Defects in paramagnetic Co-doped ZnO films studied by transmission electron microscopy." Journal of Applied Physics 114(24):243503.  doi:10.1063/1.4851015
  • Look DC, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Optical/electrical correlations in ZnO: the plasmonic resonance phase diagram." Physica Status Solidi B, Basic Research 250(10):2118-2121.  doi:10.1002/pssb.201200968
  • Qiao L, H Zhang, ME Bowden, T Varga, V Shutthanandan, RJ Colby, Y Du, BC Kabius, PV Sushko, MD Biegalski, and SA Chambers. 2013. "The Impacts of Cation Stoichiometry and Substrate Surface Quality on Nucleation, Structure, Defect Formation, and Intermixing in Complex Oxide Heteroepitaxy-LaCrO 3 on SrTiO 3 (001)." Advanced Functional Materials 23(23):2953-2963.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201202655
  • Sushko P, L Qiao, ME Bowden, T Varga, GJ Exarhos, FK Urban, III, D Barton, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Multiband Optical Absorption Controlled by Lattice Strain in Thin-Film LaCrO3." Physical Review Letters 110(7):077401.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.077401
  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, RJ Colby, S Manandhar, V Shutthanandan, D Hu, BC Kabius, E Apra, WA Shelton, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Coexistence of Weak Ferromagnetism and Polar Lattice Distortion in Epitaxial NiTiO3 thin films of the LiNbO3-Type Structure." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 31(3):Article No. 030603.  doi:10.1116/1.4801664

2012

  • Kaspar TC, A Ney, AN Mangham, SM Heald, Y Joly, V Ney, F Wilhelm, A Rogalev, F Yakou, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Structure of epitaxial (Fe,N) codoped rutile TiO2 thin films by x-ray absorption." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 86(3):035322.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.035322
  • Capan C, G Sun, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Epitaxial Cr on n-SrTiO3(001)-An ideal Ohmic contact ." Applied Physics Letters 100(5):052106.  doi:10.1063/1.3680608
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, C Capan, and G Sun. 2012. "Unintentional F doping of SrTiO3(001) etched in HF acid-structure and electronic properties." Surface Science 606(3-4):554-558.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2011.11.029
  • Cheung SH, A Celik-Aktas, P Dey, K Pande, M Weinert, B Kabius, D Keavney, V Lazarov, SA Chambers, and M Gajdardziska-Josifovska. 2012. "Effects of unreconstructed and reconstructed polar surface terminations on growth, structure, and magnetic properties of hematite films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 85(4):045405 .  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.85.045405
  • Cheung SIH, A Celik-Aktas, P Dey, K Pande, M Weinert, BC Kabius, D Keavney, V Lazarov, SA Chambers, and M Gajdardziska-Josifovska. 2012. "Effects of unreconstructed and reconstructed polar surface terminations on growth, structure, and magnetic properties of hematite films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 85(4):045405.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.85.045405
  • Du Y, DJ Kim, TC Kaspar, SE Chamberlin, I Lyubinetsky, and SA Chambers. 2012. "In-situ imaging of the nucleation and growth of epitaxial anatase TiO2(001) films on SrTiO3(001)." Surface Science 606(17-18):1443-1449.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2012.05.010
  • Franking RA, H Kim, SA Chambers, AN Mangham, and RJ Hamers. 2012. "Photochemical Grafting of Organic Alkenes to Single-Crystal TiO2 Surfaces: A Mechanistic Study." Langmuir 28(33):12085-12093.  doi:10.1021/la302169k
  • Look DC, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Stable highly conductive ZnO via reduction of Zn vacancies." Applied Physics Letters 101(10):Article No. 102101.  doi:10.1063/1.4748869
  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, P Nachimuthu, V Shutthanandan, TB Bolin, WA Shelton, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Epitaxial growth of NiTiO3 with a distorted ilmenite structure." Thin Solid Films 520(17):5534-5541.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2012.04.060

2011

  • Chambers SA. 2011. "Understanding the mechanism of conductivity at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3(001) interface." Surface Science 605(13-14):1133-1140.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2011.04.011
  • Mangham AN, N Govind, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, AG Joly, MA Henderson, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Photochemical Properties, Composition, and Structure in Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Fe "Doped" and (Fe,N) Codoped Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(31):15416-15424.  doi:10.1021/jp203061n
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, TC Kaspar, and SA Chambers. 2011. "LaCrO3 heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001) by molecular beam epitaxy ." Applied Physics Letters 99(6):Art. No. 061904.  doi:10.1063/1.3624473
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, T Varga, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, Z Zhu, TC Kaspar, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Epitaxial growth, structure and intermixing at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface as the film stoichiometry is varied." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 83(8):085408.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.085408
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, PV Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Cation mixing, band offsets and electric fields at LaAlO3/SrTiO3(001) heterojunctions with variable La:Al atom ratio." Surface Science 605(15-16):1381-1387.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2011.04.035
  • Chambers SA, L Qiao, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, BW Arey, and PV Sushko. 2011. "Band Alignment, Built-In Potential, and the Absence of Conductivity at the LaCrO3/SrTiO3(001) Heterojunction." Physical Review Letters 107(20):Article No. 206802.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.206802
  • Johnson CA, A Cohn, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, GM Salley, and DR Gamelin. 2011. "Visible-light photoconductivity of Zn1-xCoxO and its dependence on Co2+ concentration." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 84(12):Article No. 125203.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.125203
  • Look D, TC Droubay, JS McCloy, Z Zhu, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Ga-doped ZnO grown by pulsed laser deposition in H2: the roles of Ga and H." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 29(3):Article No.: 03A102.  doi:10.1116/1.3523296
  • Zhao B, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, JS McCloy, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, SM Heald, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Electrical transport properties of Ti-doped Fe2O3(0001) epitaxial films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 84(24):245325.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.245325

2010

  • Chambers SA. 2010. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of Doped Transition Metal and Complex Oxide Films." Advanced Materials 22(2):219-248.  doi:10.1002/adma.200901867
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Atomic oxygen flux determined by mixed-phase Ag/Ag2O deposition." Thin Solid Films 519(2):635-640.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2010.08.081
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, SA Chambers, and PS Bagus. 2010. "Spectroscopic evidence for Ag(III) in highly oxidized silver films by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(49):21562-21571.  doi:10.1021/jp107914e
  • Ohsawa T, MA Henderson, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Epitaxial Growth and Orientational Dependence of Surface Photochemistry in CrystallineTiO2 Rutile Films Doped with Nitrogen." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(14):6595-6601.  doi:10.1021/jp1002726
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, V Shutthanandan, Z Zhu, PV Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Thermodynamic Instability at the Stoichiometric LaAlO3/SrTiO3(001) Interface." Journal of Physics. Condensed matter 22(31):Art. No. 312201.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/22/31/312201
  • Chambers SA, MH Engelhard, V Shutthanandan, Z Zhu, TC Droubay, L Qiao, PV Sushko, T Feng, HD Lee, T Gustafsson, E Garfunkel, AB Shah, JM Zuo, and QM Ramasse. 2010. "Instability, intermixing and electronic structure at the epitaxial LaAlO3/SrTiO3(001) heterojunction." Surface Science Reports 65(10-12):317-352.  doi:10.1016/j.surfrep.2010.09.001
  • Droubay TC, L Qiao, TC Kaspar, MH Engelhard, V Shutthanandan, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Non-stoichiometric material transfer in the pulsed laser deposition of LaAlO3." Applied Physics Letters 97(12):124105.  doi:10.1063/1.3487778
  • Henderson MA, V Shutthanandan, T Ohsawa, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Structural Environment of Nitrogen in N-doped Rutile TiO2(110)." Chapter 777007 in Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology V, Proceedings of SPIE , vol. 7770, ed. H Idress and H Wang.  SPIE , Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.862297
  • Johnson CA, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, GM Salley, and DR Gamelin. 2010. "Sub-band-gap photoconductivity in Co2+-doped ZnO." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 81(12):Article Number: 125206 .  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.125206
  • Johnson CA, KR Kittilstved, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, SA Chambers, GM Salley, and DR Gamelin. 2010. "Mid-Gap Electronic States in Zn1 xMnxO." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 82(11):Art. No. 115202. 
  • McCloy JS, JV Ryan, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, and D Look. 2010. "Magnetotransport Properties of High Quality Co:ZnO and Mn:ZnO Single Crystal Pulsed Laser Deposition films: Pitfalls Associated with Magnetotransport on High Resistivity Materials ." Review of Scientific Instruments 81(6):Art. No. 063902.  doi:10.1063/1.3436648
  • Nelin CJ, PS Bagus, ES Ilton, SA Chambers, H Kuhlenbeck, and HJ Freund. 2010. "Relationships Between Complex Core Level Spectra and Materials Properties ." International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 110(15):2752-2764.  doi:10.1002/qua.22807
  • Ney A, M Opel, TC Kaspar, V Ney, S Ye, K Ollefs, T Kammermeier, S Bauer, KW Nielsen, ST Goennenwein, MH Engelhard, S Zhou, K Potzger, J Simon, W Mader, SM Heald, JC Cezar, F Wilhelm, A Rogalev, R Gross, and SA Chambers. 2010. "Advanced Spectroscopic Synchrotron Techniques to Unravel the Intrinsic Properties of Dilute Magnetic Oxides: The Case of Co:ZnO." New Journal of Physics 12:Art. No. 013020.  doi:10.1088/1367-2630/12/1/013020
  • Ney A, T Kammermeier, K Ollefs, S Ye, V Ney, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, F Wilhelm, and A Rogalev. 2010. "Anisotropic Paramagnetism of Co-doped ZnO Epitaxial Films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 81(5):Art. No. 054420.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.054420
  • Ney A, V Ney, S Ye, K Ollefs, T Kammermeier, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, F Wilhelm, and A Rogalev. 2010. "Magnetism of Co doped ZnO with Al codoping: carrier induced mechanisms versus extrinsic origins ." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 82(4):041202.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.041202
  • Ney V, S Ye, T Kammermeier, K Ollefs, A Ney, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, F Wilhelm, and A Rogalev. 2010. "Tuning the magnetic properties of Zn1-xCoxO films." Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 322(9-12):1232-1234.  doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.04.024

2009

  • Chambers SA. 2009. "Comment on "Origin of Metallic States at the Heterointerface between the Band Insulators LaAlO3 and SrTiO3"." Physical Review Letters 102(19):Art No.: 199703.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.199703
  • Ohsawa T, I Lyubinetsky, Y Du, MA Henderson, V Shutthanandan, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Crystallographic Dependence of Visible-light Photoactivity in Epitaxial TiO2-xNx Anatase and Rutile." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 79(8):Article number: 085401.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.085401
  • Ohsawa T, I Lyubinetsky, Y Du, MA Henderson, V Shutthanandan, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Crystallographic Dependence of Visible-Light Photochemistry in Epitaxial TiO2-xNx Anatase and Rutile." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 79(8):Art. No. 085401. 
  • Chambers SA, T Ohsawa, CM Wang, I Lyubinetsky, and JE Jaffe. 2009. "Band Offsets at the Epitaxial Anatase TiO2/n-SrTiO3(001) Interface." Surface Science 603(5):771-780. 
  • Droubay TC, TC Kaspar, BP Kaspar, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Cation dopant distributions in nanostructures of transition-metal doped ZnO:Monte Carlo simulations." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 79(7):Art. No. 075324. 
  • Droubay TC, D Keavney, TC Kaspar, SM Heald, CM Wang, CA Johnson, KM Whitaker, DR Gamelin, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Correlated substitution in paramagnetic Mn2+-doped ZnO epitaxial films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 79(15):Article number:155203. 
  • Heald SM, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Characterization of Thin Films by XAFS: Application to Spintronics Materials." In Materials Science and Technology 2009 Conference and Exhibition, pp. 688-697.  ASM International, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Heald SM, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, V Shutthanandan, SA Chambers, A Mokhtari, AJ Behan, HJ Blythe, JR Neal, M Fox, and G Gehring. 2009. "X-ray absorption fine structure and magnetization characterization of the metallic Co component in Co-doped ZnO thin films ." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 79(7):Art. No. 075202. 
  • Kammermeier T, V Ney, S Ye, K Ollefs, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, F Wilhelm, A Rogalev, and A Ney. 2009. "Element specific measurements of the structural properties and magnetism of CoxZn1-xO." Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 321 (7):699-701 .  doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2008.11.028
  • Zhu Z, V Shutthanandan, Y Li, and SA Chambers. 2009. "Quantitative Determination of Deuterium Atom Concentration in Zinc Oxide Thin Films by Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry." In Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, 20th International Conference . AIP Conference Proceedings , vol. 1099, pp. 343-346.  American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY.  doi:10.1063/1.3120047

2008

  • Chambers SA. 2008. "Molecular beam epitaxial growth of doped oxide semiconductors." Journal of Physics. Condensed matter 20(26):Art. No. 264004. 
  • Cheung SH, P Nachimuthu, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and SA Chambers. 2008. "N incorporation, composition and electronic structure in N-doped TiO2(001) anatase epitaxial films grown on LaAlO3(001)." Surface Science 602(1):133-141.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.09.061
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, SM Heald, MH Engelhard, P Nachimuthu, and SA Chambers. 2008. "Hidden Ferromagnetic Secondary Phases in Cobalt-doped ZnO Epitaxial Thin Films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 77(20):201303.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.201303
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, SM Heald, P Nachimuthu, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, CA Johnson, DR Gamelin, and SA Chambers. 2008. "Lack of ferromagnetism in n-type cobalt-doped ZnO epitaxial thin films." New Journal of Physics 10:Art. No. 055010.  doi:10.1088/1367-2630/10/5/055010
  • Ohsawa T, I Lyubinetsky, MA Henderson, and SA Chambers. 2008. "Hole-mediated Photodecomposition of Trimehtyl Acetate on a TiO2(001) Anatase Epitaxial Thin Film Surface." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(50):20050-20056.  doi:10.1021/jp8077997
  • Li Y, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, AG Joly, P Nachimuthu, Z Zhu, V Shutthanandan, and SA Chambers. 2008. "A Study of H and D doped ZnO epitaxial films grown by pulsed laser deposition." Journal of Applied Physics 104(5):Article no. 053711.  doi:10.1063/1.2975219
  • Li Y, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, Z Zhu, V Shutthanandan, P Nachimuthu, and SA Chambers. 2008. "Electronic properties of H and D doped ZnO epitaxial films." Applied Physics Letters 92(15):Art. No. 152105. 
  • Ney A, K Ollefs, S Ye, T Kammermeier, V Ney, TC Kaspar, SA Chambers, F Wilhelm, and A Rogalev. 2008. "Absence of Intrinsic Ferromagnetic Interactions of Isolated and Paired Co Dopant Atoms in Zn1-xCoxO with High Structural Perfection." Physical Review Letters 100(15):Art. No. 157201.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.157201

2007

  • Chambers SA, DA Schwartz, WK Liu, KR Kittilstved, and DR Gamelin. 2007. "Growth, Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Doped ZnO Epitaxial and Nanocrystalline Films." Applied Physics A, Materials Science and Processing 88(1):1-5.  doi:10.1007/s00339-007-3948-2
  • Chambers SA. 2007. "Advances in the Surface Science of TiO2 - A Global Perspective." Hyomen Kagaku. Journal of the Surface Science Society of Japan 28(10):561-572. 
  • Chambers SA. 2007. "Surface Science Opportunities in the Electronic Structure of ZnO (A Perspective on the Article, "Quantitative Analysis of Surface Donors in ZnO", by D.C. Look)." Surface Science 601(23):5313-5314.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.10.004
  • Cheung SH, P Nachimuthu, AG Joly, MH Engelhard, MK Bowman, and SA Chambers. 2007. "N incorporation and electronic structure in N-doped TiO2(110) rutile." Surface Science 601(7):1754-1762.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.01.051
  • Shao R, CM Wang, DE McCready, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Growth and structure of MBE grown TiO2 anatase films with rutile nano-crystallites ." Surface Science 601(6):1582-1589.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.01.039
  • Chambers SA, SH Cheung, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, MK Bowman, and AG Joly. 2007. "Properties of Structurally Excellent N-doped TiO2 Rutile." Chemical Physics 339(1-3):27-35.  doi:10.1016/j.chemphys.2007.04.024
  • Droubay TC, KM Rosso, SM Heald, DE Mccready, CM Wang, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Structure, Magnetism and Conductivity in Epitaxial Ti-doped ?-Fe2O3 Hematite: Experiment and density functional theory calculations." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 75(10):, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.75.104412
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, AS Lea, DE McCready, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6 tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22(5):1230-1234.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, AS Lea, DE McCready, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22(5):1230-1234.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, P Nachimuthu, V Shutthanandan, CM Wang, SM Heald, DE McCready, AS Lea, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Nucleation and Growth of MOCVD Grown (Cr, Zn)O Films - Uniform Doping vs. Secondary Phase Formation." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 154(3):D134-D138.  doi:10.1149/1.2424422
  • Tobin JG, S Morton, SW Yu, GD Waddill, IK Schuller, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Spin resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of Fe3O4: the case against half-metallicity." Journal of Physics. Condensed matter 19(31):Art. No. 315218. 
  • Xiong G, R Shao, TC Droubay, AG Joly, KM Beck, SA Chambers, and WP Hess. 2007. "Photoemission Electron Microscopy of TiO2 Anatase Films Embedded with Rutile Nanocrystals." Advanced Functional Materials 17(13):2133-2138.  doi:10.1002/adfm.200700146

2006

  • Chambers SA. 2006. "Ferromagnetism in Doped Thin-Film Oxide and Nitride Semiconductors and Dielectrics." Surface Science Reports 61(8):345-381.  doi:10.1016/j.surfrep.2006.05.001
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, DE McCready, P Nachimuthu, SM Heald, CM Wang, AS Lea, V Shutthanandan, SA Chambers, and MF Toney. 2006. "Magnetic properties of epitaxial Co-doped anatase TiO2 thin films with excellent structural quality." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 24(4):2012-2017.  doi:10.1116/1.2216723
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, V Shutthanandan, SM Heald, CM Wang, DE McCready, S Thevuthasan, JD Bryan, DR Gamelin, AJ Kellock, MF Toney, X Hong, C Ahn, and SA Chambers. 2006. "Ferromagnetism and structure of epitaxial Cr-doped anatase TiO2 thin films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 73(15):155327 (12 p.).  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.155327
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, CM Wang, KM Rosso, SM Heald, SA Schwartz, KR Kittilstved, and DR Gamelin. 2006. "Ferromagnetism in Oxide Semiconductors ." Materials Today 9(11):28-35. 
  • Joly AG, JR Williams, SA Chambers, G Xiong, WP Hess, and DM Laman. 2006. "Carrier Dynamics in a-Fe2O3 (0001) Thin Films and Single Crystals Probed by Femtosecond Transient Absorption and Reflectivity." Journal of Applied Physics 99(5):Article: 053521 (6 pages). 
  • Kittilstved KR, DA Schwartz, AC Tuan, SM Heald, SA Chambers, and DR Gamelin. 2006. "Direct kinetic correlation of carriers and ferromagnetism in Co2+ : ZnO." Physical Review Letters 97:037203-1 - 037203-4.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.037203
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, TC Droubay, SM Heald, MH Engelhard, DE McCready, SA Chambers, P Nachimuthu, and BS Mun. 2006. "Synthesis of Room-Temperature Ferromagnetic Cr-doped TiO2(110) Rutile Single Crystals using Ion Implantation." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 242(1-2):198-200.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2005.08.149
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, A Punnoose, J Hays, and SA Chambers. 2006. "Quantification of Dopant Concentrations in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors using Ion Beam Techniques." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 249(1-2):402-405.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2006.04.038

2005

  • Droubay TC, SM Heald, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, SA Chambers, and J Osterwalder. 2005. "Cr-doped TiO2 Anatase- A Ferromagnetic Insulator ." Journal of Applied Physics 97:046103. 
  • Kaspar TC, TC Droubay, CM Wang, SM Heald, AS Lea, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Co-doped Anatase TiO2 Heteroepitaxy on Si(001)." Journal of Applied Physics 97(7):073511-073511-10.  doi:10.1063/1.1868854
  • Kaspar TC, SM Heald, CM Wang, JD Bryan, TC Droubay, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, DE McCready, AJ Kellock, DR Gamelin, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Negligible Magnetism in Excellent Structural Quality CrxTi1-xO2 Anatase: Contrast with High-Tc Ferromagnetism in Structurally Defective CrxTi1-xO2." Physical Review Letters 95:217203.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.217203
  • Chambers SA, JR Williams, MA Henderson, AG Joly, M Varela, and SJ Pennycook. 2005. "Structure, Band Offsets and Photochemistry at Epitaxial ?-Cr2O3/?-Fe2O3 Heterojunctions." Surface Science 587(3):L197-L207. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, and TC Kaspar. 2005. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of Magnetically Doped TiO2." Chapter 7 in Thin Films and Heterostructures for Oxide Electronics, ed. Satishchandra B. Ogale, pp. 219-247.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Cicerrella E, JL Freeouf, LF Edge, DG Schlom, T heeg, J Schubert, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Optical properties of La-based high-K dielectric films." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 23(6):1676-1680.  doi:10.1116/1.205655
  • Heald SM, SA Chambers, and TC Droubay. 2005. "XAFS study of CoxTi1-xO2-x-anatase." Physica Scripta T115:597-599.  doi:10.1238/Physica.Topical.115a00597
  • Heald SM, SA Chambers, and TC Droubay. 2005. "XAFS Study of Epitaxial CoxTi1-xO2-x Anatase." In 12th International Conference on X-ray Absorption FIne Structure held in Malmo, Sweden, June, 2003, ed. N. Martensson, pp. 597-599.  Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. 
  • Jaffe JE, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Oxygen Vacancies and Ferromagnetism in CoxTi1-xO2-x-y." Journal of Applied Physics 97(7):073908 (6 p.). 
  • Lazarov V, M Weinert, SA Chambers, and M Gajdardziska-josifovska. 2005. "Atomic and Electronic Structure of the Fe3O4 (111)/MgO(111) Model Polar Oxide Interface." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 72(19):195401.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.195401
  • Lazarov V, R Plass, HC Poon, DK Saldin, M Weinert, SA Chambers, and M Gajdardziska-Josifovska. 2005. "Structure of the Hydrogen Stabilized MgO(111)-(1x1) Polar Surface: Integrated Experimental and Theoretical Studies." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 71:115434. 
  • Osterwalder J, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, JR Williams, CM Wang, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Growth of Cr-doped TiO2 Films in the Rutile and Anatase Structures by Oxygen Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy ." Thin Solid Films 484(1-2):289-298. 
  • Sasahara A, TC Droubay, SA Chambers, H Uetsuka, and H Onishi. 2005. "Topography of Anatase TiO2 Film Synthesized on LaAlO3(001) ." Nanotechnology 16(3):S18-S21. 
  • Vescovo E, HJ Kim, JM Ablett, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Spin-Polarized Conduction in Localized Ferromagnetic Materials: the case of Fe3O4 on MgO(100)." Journal of Applied Physics 98(8):084507(5). 
  • Wang CM, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Microstructure of Co-doped TiO2 (110) Rutile by Ion Implantation." Journal of Applied Physics 97(7):99-104. 
  • Williams JR, CM Wang, and SA Chambers. 2005. "Heteroepitaxial Growth and Structural Analysis of Epitaxial ?-Fe2O3(1010) on TiO2(001)." Journal of Materials Research 20(5):1250-1256. 

2004

  • Bargar J, TP Trainor, JP Fitts, SA Chambers, and GE Brown, JR. 2004. "In Situ Grazing-Incidence Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Study of Pb(II) Chemisorption on Hematite (0001) and (1-102) Surfaces." Langmuir 20(5):1667-1673. 
  • Bryan JD, SM Heald, SA Chambers, and DR Gamelin. 2004. "Strong Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Co2+-Doped TiO2 Made from Colloidal Nanocrystals." Journal of the American Chemical Society 126(37):11640-11647. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, and MS Gutowski. 2004. "Accurate Valence Band Maximum Determination for SrTiO3(001) ." Surface Science 554(2-3):81-89. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, and MS Gutowski. 2004. "Experimental Determination of Valence Band Maxima for SrTiO3, TiO2, and SrO and the Associated Valence Band Offsets with Si(001)." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 22(4):2205-2215. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, and MS Gutowski. 2004. "Experimental determination of valence band maxima for SrTiO3,TiO2, and SrO and the associated valence band offsets with Si(001)." In 31st Conference on the Physics and Chemistry of Semiconductor Interfaces (PCSI). Published in Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 2205-2215.  American Vacuum Society, New York, NY.  doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.1768525
  • Edge LF, DG Schlom, SA Chambers, E Cicerrella, JL Freeouf, B Hollander, and J Schubert. 2004. "Measurement of the Band Offsets between Amorphous LaAlO3 and Silicon." Applied Physics Letters 84(5):726-728. 
  • Edge LF, DG Schlom, SA Chambers, E Cicerrella, JL Freeouf, B Hollander, and J Schubert. 2004. "Measurements of the Band Offsets Between Amorphous LaAIO3 and Silicon." Applied Physics Letters 84(5):726-728. 
  • Edge LF, DG Schlom, RT Brewer, YJ Chabal, JR Williams, SA Chambers, C Hinkle, G Lucovsky, Y Yang, S Stemmer, M Copel, B Hollander, and J Schubert. 2004. "Suppression of Subcutaneous Oxidation during the Deposition of Amorphous Lanthanum Aluminate on Silicon." Applied Physics Letters 84(23):4629-4631. 
  • Kim YJ, S Thevuthasan, TC Droubay, AS Lea, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, SA Chambers, R Sears, B Taylor, and B Sinkovic. 2004. "Growth and Properties of molecular beam epitaxially grown ferromagnetic Fe-doped TiO2 rutile films on TiO2." Applied Physics Letters 84(18):3531-3533. 
  • Pakhomov A, BK Roberts, AC Tuan, V Shutthanandan, DE McCready, S Thevuthasan, SA Chambers, and KM Krishnan. 2004. "Studies of Two-and Three-Dimensional ZnO:Co Structures Through Different Sythetic Routes." Journal of Applied Physics 95(11):7393-7395 Part 2. 
  • Peden CHF, J Szanyi, MA Henderson, SA Chambers, E Ozensoy, S Azad, JA Rodriguez, and GW Graham. 2004. "Fundamental Studies of Selectivity and Mechanisms of Oxide-Catalyzed Nitrogen Oxide Chemistry." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science: Proceedings of the 12th DOE/BES Heterogeneous Catalysis & Surface Science Meeting, pp. 393-396.  Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Washington, DC. 
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, SM Heald, TC Droubay, MH Engelhard, TC Kaspar, DE McCready, LV Saraf, SA Chambers, BS Mun, NM Hamdan, P Nachimuthu, B Taylor, R Sears, and B Sinkovic. 2004. "Room Temperature Ferromagnetism in Ion-implanted Co-doped TiO2(110) Rutile." Applied Physics Letters 84(22):4466-4468. 
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, SM Heald, TC Droubay, MH Engelhard, TC Kaspar, DE McCready, LV Saraf, SA Chambers, BS Mun, NM Hamdan, P Nachimuthu, B Taylor, R Sears, and B Sinkovic. 2004. "Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Ion-Implanted Co-Doped TiO2(110) Rutile." Applied Physics Letters 84(22):4466-4468. 
  • Tuan AC, JD Bryan, A Pakhomov, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, DE McCready, DJ Gaspar, MH Engelhard, JW Rogers, Jr, KM Krishnan, DR Gamelin, and SA Chambers. 2004. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of Cobalt-doped ZnO on a-Al2O3 Single-Crystal Substrates." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 70(5):054424. 

2003

  • Chambers SA, and RF Farrow. 2003. "New Possibilities for Ferromagnetic Semiconductors." MRS Bulletin 28(10):729-733. 
  • Chambers SA, and RF Farrow. 2003. "New Possibilities for Ferromagnetic Semiconductors." MRS Bulletin 28(10):729-733. 
  • Chambers SA, and YK Yoo. 2003. "New Materials for Spintronics." MRS Bulletin 28(10):706-708. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, CM Wang, AS Lea, RFC Farrow, L Folks, V Deline, and S Anders. 2003. "Clusters and Magnetism in Epitaxial Co-doped TiO2 Anatase." Applied Physics Letters 82(8):1257-1259. 
  • Chambers SA, SM Heald, and TC Droubay. 2003. "Local Co Structure in Epitaxial Cox Ti1-xO2-x Anatase." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 67(10):22-25, art. no. 100401. 
  • Lazarov V, SA Chambers, and M Gajdardziska-Josifovska. 2003. "Polar Oxide Interface Stabilization by Formation of Metallic Nanocrystals." Physical Review Letters 90(21):216108. 
  • Nachimuthu P, S Thevuthasan, YJ Kim, AS Lea, V Shutthanandan, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, SA Chambers, DK Shuh, D Lindle, EM Gullikson, and RC Perera. 2003. "Investigation of Copper(I) Oxide Quantum Dots by Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy." Chemistry of Materials 20(15):3939-3946. 
  • Tuan AC, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, JW Rogers, Jr, and SA Chambers. 2003. "Band Offsets for the Epitaxial TiO2/SrTiO3/Si(001) System." Applied Physics Letters 83(18):3734-3736. 
  • Wang CM, S Thevuthasan, F Gao, V Shutthanandan, DE McCready, SA Chambers, and CHF Peden. 2003. "Interface Characteristics of Iso-Structural Thin Film and Substrate Pairs." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 207(1):1-9. 

2002

  • Chambers SA, RF Farrow, S Maat, M Toney, L Folks, JG Catalano, TP Trainor, and GE Brown Jr.. 2002. "Molecular Beam Epitaxial Growth and Properties of CoFe2O4 on MgO(001)." Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 246(1-2):124-139. 
  • Chambers SA. 2002. "A Potential Role in Spintronics." Materials Today 5(4):34-39. 
  • Chambers SA. 2002. "A Potential Role In Spintronics." Materials Today 5(4):34-39. 
  • Altman EI, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2002. "Growth of MoO3 films by oxygen plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy." Thin Solid Films 414(2):205-215. 
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, DR Jennison, and TK Mattsson. 2002. "Laminar Growth of Ultrathin Metal Films on Metal Oxides: Co on Hydroxylated alpha-Al2O3(0001)." Science 297(5582):827-831. 
  • Chambers SA, CM Wang, S Thevuthasan, TC Droubay, DE McCready, AS Lea, V Shutthanandan, and CF Windisch, Jr. 2002. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of MBE Grown Ferromagnetic Co-doped TiO2 Anatase Films on SrTiO3(001) and LaAlO3(001)." Thin Solid Films 418(2):197-210. 
  • Kim YJ, S Thevuthasan, V Shutthanandan, CL Perkins, DE McCready, GS Herman, Y Gao, TT Tran, SA Chambers, and CHF Peden. 2002. "Growth and Structure of Epitaxial Ce1-xZrxO2 Thin Films on Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (111)." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 126(1-3):177-190. 
  • Morton S, D Waddill, SH Kim, IK Schuller, SA Chambers, and JG Tobin. 2002. "Spin-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of Fe3O4." Surface Science 513(3):L451-L457. 
  • Wang CM, S Thevuthasan, F Gao, DE McCready, and SA Chambers. 2002. "The Characteristics of Interface Misfit Dislocations for Epitaxial alpha-Fe2O3 on alpha-Al2O3(0001)." Thin Solid Films 414:31-38. 
  • Wang CM, S Thevuthasan, F Gao, V Shutthanandan, DE McCready, SA Chambers, and CHF Peden. 2002. "HRTEM Characterization of Interface Between Iso-Structural Thin Solid Film and Substrate." Microscopy and Microanalysis 8(Suppl S02):1160-1161. 

2001

  • Chambers SA, S Thevuthasan, RF Farrow, RF Marks, JU Thiele, L Folks, M Samant, AJ Kellock, NJ Ruzycki, D Ederer, and U Diebold. 2001. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of Ferromagnetic Co-doped TiO2 Anatase." Applied Physics Letters 79(21):3467-3469. 
  • Chambers SA, Y Liang, ZJ Yu, R Droopad, J Ramdani, JM Finder, and K Eisenbeiser. 2001. "Band Offset and Structure of SrTiO3/Si(001) Heterojunctions." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 19(3):934-939. 
  • Chambers SA. 2001. "Structure of thin epitaxial oxide films and their surfaces ." Chapter 7 in The Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces, vol. 9, Oxide Surfaces, ed. D.P. Woodruff, pp. 301-323.  Elsevier, New York, NY. 
  • Droubay TC, and SA Chambers. 2001. "Surface Sensitive Fe 2p Photoemission Spectra for alpha-Fe2O3 (0001) - The Influence of Symmetry and Crystal-Field Strength." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 64(20):205414-205420. 
  • Chambers SA, and TC Droubay. 2001. "The Role of Oxide Ionicity in Electronic Screening at Oxide/Metal Interfaces." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 64:075410-1 - 075410-6. 
  • Liang Y, S Gan, SA Chambers, and EI Altman. 2001. "Surface Structure of Anatase TiO2(001): Reconstruction, Atomic Steps, and Domains." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 63(23):235402-235409. 
  • Liang Y, S Gan, SA Chambers, and EI Altman. 2001. "Surface Structures of Anatase TiO2(001): Reconstruction, Atomic Steps, and Domains." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 6323(23):5402. 

2000

  • Chambers SA, Y Liang, and Y Gao. 2000. "Noncommutative Band Offset At Alpha-Cr2O3/Alpha-Fe2O3 (0001) Heterojunctions." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 61(19):13223-13229. 
  • Chambers SA, Y Liang, Z Yu, R Droopad, J Ramdani, and K Eisenbeiser. 2000. "Band Discontinuities at Epitaxial SrTiO3/Si(001)Heterojunctions." Applied Physics Letters 77(11):1662-1664. 
  • Chambers SA. 2000. "Epitaxial Growth and Properties of Thin Film Oxides." Surface Science Reports 39(5-6):105-180. 
  • Peden CHF, GS Herman, SA Chambers, Y Gao, YJ Kim, and DN Belton. 2000. "Model Studies of Automobile Exhaust Catalysis Using Single Crystals of Rhodium and Ceria/Zirconia." In 12th International Congress on Catalysis, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 130, part B, pp. 1367-1372.  Elsevier , Amsterdam, , NETHERLANDS. 
  • Chambers SA, S Thevuthasan, and SA Joyce. 2000. "Surface Structure of MBE-Grown Fe3O4(001) by X-Ray Photoelectron Diffraction and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy." Surface Science 450(2000):L273-L279. 
  • Brown GE, SA Chambers, JE Amonette, JR Rustad, T Kendelewicz, P Liu, CS Doyle, D Grolimund, NS Foster, SA Joyce, and S Thevuthasan. 2000. "Interaction of Aqueous Chromium Ions with Iron Oxide Surfaces." Chapter 14 in Nuclear Site Remediation: First Accomplishments of the Environmental Management Science Program. ACS Symposium Series, vol. 778, ed. Eller, P. Gary; Heineman, William R., pp. 212-246.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Henderson MA, and SA Chambers. 2000. "HREELS, TPD and XPS Study of the Interaction of Water with the Alpha-Cr2O3(001) Surface." Surface Science 449(1-3):135-150. 
  • Kendelewicz T, P Liu, CS Doyle, GE Brown Jr., EJ Nelson, and SA Chambers. 2000. "Reaction of Water with the (100) and (111) Surfaces of Fe3O4." Surface Science 453(1-3):32-46.  doi:10.1016/S0039-6028(00)00305-8
  • Thevuthasan S, DE McCready, W Jiang, SI Yi, S Maheswaran, KD Keefer, and SA Chambers. 2000. "Ion Beam Analysis of Interface Reactions in Magnetite and Maghemite Thin Films." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 161-163:510-514. 

1999

  • Chambers SA, and SA Joyce. 1999. "Surface Termination, Composition and Reconstruction of Fe3O4(001) and gamma-Fe2O3(001)." Surface Science 420(2-3):111-122. 
  • Chambers SA, and Y Liang. 1999. "Growth of beta-MnO2 Films on TiO2(110) by Oxygen-Plasma-Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Surface Science 420(2-3):123-133. 
  • Gao Y, GS Herman, S Thevuthasan, CHF Peden, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Epitaxial Growth and Characterization of Ce1-xZrxO2 Thin Films." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 17(3):961-969. 
  • Herman GS, YJ Kim, SA Chambers, and CHF Peden. 1999. "Interaction of D2O with CeO2(001) Investigated by Temperature Programmed Desorption and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Langmuir 15(11):3993-3997. 
  • Hirschmugl CJ, CHF Peden, M Takasaki, MA Collins, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Synchrotron-Based Far-IRAS Investigations of Ice on a Single-Crystal Transition Metal Oxide." In Accelerator-based Sources of Infrared and Spectroscopic Applications, Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 3775, ed. G Lawrence Carr and Paul Dumas, pp. 167-173.  SPIE- The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA. 
  • Kendelewicz T, P Liu, CS Doyle, GE Brown, EJ Nelson, and SA Chambers. 1999. "X-ray absorption and photoemission study of the adsorption of aqueous Cr(VI) on single crystal hematite and magnetite surfaces." Surface Science 424(2-3):219-231. 
  • Kim YJ, Y Gao, GS Herman, S Thevuthasan, W Jiang, DE McCready, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Growth and Structure of Epitaxial CeO2 by Oxygen Plasma-Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 17(3):926-935. 
  • Peden CHF, GS Herman, IZ Ismagilov, BD Kay, MA Henderson, YJ Kim, and SA Chambers. 1999. " Model Catalyst Studies with Single Crystals and Epitaxial Thin Oxide Films." Catalysis Today 51(3-4):513-519. 
  • Thevuthasan S, W Jiang, DE McCready, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Rutherford Backscattering and Channeling Studies of Mg and Fe Diffusion at the Interface of gamma-Fe2O3(001)/MgO(001)." Surface and Interface Analysis 27(4):194-198. 
  • Thevuthasan S, DE McCready, W Jiang, EP Mcdaniel, SI Yi, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Rutherford Backscattering and Channeling Studies of Al and Mg Diffusion in Iron Oxide Thin Films." In Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry: Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference, Denton, Texas, November 1998, vol. 475, ed. J.L. Duggan and I.L. Morgan, pp. 508-511.  American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NY. 
  • Thevuthasan S, YJ Kim, SI Yi, SA Chambers, J Morais, R Denecke, CS Fadley, P Liu, T Kendelewicz, and GE Brown. 1999. "Surface Structure of MBE-Grown alpha-Fe2O3(0001) by Intermediate-Energy X-ray Photoelectron Diffraction." Surface Science 425(2-3):276-286. 
  • Yi SI, Y Liang, S Thevuthasan, and SA Chambers. 1999. "Morphological and Structural Investigation of the Early Stages of Epitaxial Growth of Alpha-Fe2O3 (0001) on Alpha-Al2O3 (0001) by Oxygen-Plasma-Assisted MBE." Surface Science 443(3):212-220. 

1998

  • Liu P, T Kendelewicz, GE Brown, JR, EJ Nelson, and SA Chambers. 1998. "Reaction of Water Vapor with alpha-Al203 and alpha-Fe203(0001) Surfaces: Synchrotron X-ray Photoemission Studies and Thermodynamic Calculations." Surface Science 417(1998):53-65. 
  • Saleh AA, V Shutthanandan, NR Shivaparan, RJ Smith, TT Tran, and SA Chambers. 1998. "Epitaxial Growth of fcc Ti Films on Al(001) Surfaces." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 56(15):9841-9847. 

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