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Staff information

Bruce

Bruce Kay

Chemical Physics & Analysis
Laboratory Fellow
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-88
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Dr. Bruce Kay and his colleagues are applying and extending molecular-beam surface scattering techniques to ice surfaces to examine the chemical kinetics and reaction dynamics of molecular processes occurring both on the surface and within the bulk of amorphous and crystalline ice films. We use these "chemically tailored" nanoscale films as model systems to elucidate the mechanistic details of the complex physiochemical processes that take place in aqueous solutions, deeply super-cooled liquids, astrophysical dust and comets, and at the aqueous-mineral geochemical interface. In related experiments, we are examining hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions between water and various other materials using thermal desorption and surface spectroscopic techniques to probe interphase transport and phase separation. Elucidation of these processes will further our understanding of solvation and reactions in multi-phase, multi-component solutions and in determining reaction mechanisms in heterogeneous systems. These molecular-level studies are germane to Department of Energy programs in environmental restoration, waste processing, and contaminant fate and transport.

We are also using molecular beam scattering instrumentation to study physisorption and chemisorption on oxide surfaces. Recently, we have shown that physisorption of weakly bound gases can be used to titrate small concentrations of surface defects and to determine their binding energies on magnesium oxide(100). Currently, we are also engaged in adsorption studies on the surfaces of nanoporous thin MgO films. This work was initiated by our discovery of the deposition angle dependent porosity of amorphous solid water films grown under ballistic deposition (BD) conditions. We have found that the MgO films created under reactive BD conditions are composed of a tilted array of porous nanoscale crystalline filaments with high porosity (~ 90%) and high-surface area (~ 1000 m2/g). These films have chemical binding sites analogous to those on MgO(100). However the fraction of chemically active, high energy binding sites is greatly enhanced on the nanoporous film. This unique collection of properties makes these materials attractive candidates for chemical applications such as sensors and heterogeneous catalysts.

Education and Credentials

  • University of Illinois, Chicago, IL: B. S., in Chemistry, Mathematics (minor) (1976) with Honors and Highest Distinction
  • University of Colorado, Boulder, CO: Ph. D., in Chemical Physics (1982) Advisor: Prof. A. W. Castleman Jr. Dissertation: "Dynamics, Energetics and Structure of Hydrogen-Bonded Clusters: Elucidating the Transition from the Gaseous to the Condensed State"

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Fellow of the American Chemical Society (2010)
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS, 2005)
  • Fellow of the American Vacuum Society (AVS, 2000)
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS, 2000)
  • Elected to Sigma Xi (1980)

Awards and Recognitions

  • Editorial Board, Journal of Chemical Physics (2009-2011)
  • British Vacuum Council John Yarwood Medal (1991)
  • ACS Undergraduate Award in Analytical Chemistry (1976)
  • Visiting Professor of Chemical Physics,University of Liverpool, UK, 2006-present
  • Editioral Advisory Board, Journal of Physical Chemistry (2005-2007)
  • International Advisory Board, Academica Sinica Institute for
  • Atomic and Molecular Science, Taiwan (2004-2007)
  • Elected to a leadership role in the American Chemical Society
  • Physical Chemistry Division serving a five year rotation as vice chair elect through past chairman during the period 2003 through 2008
  • Co-Chair of the Dynamics and Kinetics working group at the DOE-BES Workshop on Nanoscience and Catalysis, Gaithersburg MD, May 14-16, 2002
  • Editorial Board of the Review Journal, Progress in Surface Science (2000-2006)
  • Vice Chairman (1999) and Chairman (2001), Gordon Conference on Dynamics at Surfaces

PNNL Publications

2014

  • Chen L, Z Li, RS Smith, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2014. "Molecular Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(15):5559-5562.  doi:10.1021/ja500992b
  • Kim B, Z Li, BD Kay, Z Dohnalek, and YK Kim. 2014. "Low-Temperature Desorption of N2O from NO on Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(18):9544-9550.  doi:10.1021/jp501179y
  • Li Z, Z Fang, MS Kelley, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, Z Dohnalek, and DA Dixon. 2014. "Ethanol Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) Clusters." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(9):4869-4877.  doi:10.1021/jp500255f

2013

  • Li Z, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2013. "Dehydration and Dehydrogenation of Ethylene Glycol on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15(29):12180-12186.  doi:10.1039/c3cp50687h
  • Lin X, Z Wang, I Lyubinetsky, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2013. "Interaction of CO2 with Oxygen Adatoms on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15(17):6190-6195.  doi:10.1039/C3CP44040K
  • May RA, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2013. "Mobility of Supercooled liquid Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Benzene near their Glass Transition Temperatures Investigated using Inert Gas Permeation." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 117(46):11881-11889.  doi:10.1021/jp403093e
  • May RA, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2013. "The Release of Trapped Gases from Amorphous Solid Water Films: I. "Top-Down" Crystallization-Induced Crack Propagation Probed using the Molecular Volcano." Journal of Chemical Physics 138(10):Article No. 104501.  doi:10.1063/1.4793311
  • May RA, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2013. "The Release of Trapped Gases from Amorphous Solid Water Films: II. "Bottom-Up??? Induced Desorption Pathways." Journal of Chemical Physics 138(10):Article No. 104502.  doi:10.1063/1.4793312
  • Acharya DP, Y Yoon, Z Li, Z Zhang, X Lin, R Mu, L Chen, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2013. "Site-Specific Imaging of Elemental Steps in Dehydration of Diols on TiO2(110)." ACS Nano 7(11):10414-10423.  doi:10.1021/nn404934q

2012

  • Matthiesen J, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2012. "Probing the Mobility of Supercooled Liquid 3-Methylpentane at Temperatures Near the Glass Transition Using Rare Gas Permeation." Journal of Chemical Physics 137(6):Article No. 064509.  doi:10.1063/1.4743902
  • May RA, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2012. "The Molecular Volcano Revisited: Determination of Crack Propagation and Distribution During the Crystallization of Nanoscale Amorphous Solid Water Films. ." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3(3):327-331.  doi:10.1021/jz201648g
  • Flaherty DW, NT Hahn, RA May, SP Berglund, YM Lin, KJ Stevenson, Z Dohnalek, BD Kay, and CB Mullins. 2012. "Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Nanostructured Model Materials for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage ." Accounts of Chemical Research 45(3):434-443.  doi:10.1021/ar200164u
  • Kim B, Z Li, BD Kay, Z Dohnalek, and YK Kim. 2012. "The effect of oxygen vacancies on the binding interactions of NH3 with rutile TiO2(110) -1x1." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(43):15060-15065.  doi:10.1039/C2CP42754K
  • Kim B, Z Li, BD Kay, Z Dohnalek, and YK Kim. 2012. "Unexpected Nondissociative Binding of N2O on Oxygen Vacancies on a Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1 ." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(1):1145-1150.  doi:10.1021/jp210636j
  • Li SC, Z Li, Z Zhang, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Properties of Tungsten Trioxide Cyclic Trimers on FeO(111)/Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(1):908-916.  doi:10.1021/jp2093324
  • Li Z, B Smid, YK Kim, V Matolin, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "Alcohol Dehydration on Monooxo W=O and Dioxo O=W=O Species ." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3(16):2168-2172.  doi:10.1021/jz300885v
  • Lin X, Y Yoon, NG Petrik, Z Li, Z Wang, VA Glezakou, BD Kay, I Lyubinetsky, GA Kimmel, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "Structure and Dynamics of CO2 on Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(50):26322-26334. 
  • Smid B, Z Li, A Dohnalkova, BW Arey, RS Smith, V Matolin, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "Characterization of Nanoporous WO3 Films Grown via Ballistic Deposition." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(19):10649-10655.  doi:10.1021/jp3015723
  • Smith RS, NG Petrik, GA Kimmel, and BD Kay. 2012. "Thermal and Non-thermal Physiochemical Processes in Nanoscale Films of Amorphous Solid Water." Accounts of Chemical Research 45(1):33-42.  doi:10.1021/ar200070w
  • Smith RS, and BD Kay. 2012. "Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling: Recent Experimental Approaches to Probe the Properties of Supercooled Liquids near the Glass Transition." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3(6):725-730.  doi:10.1021/jz201710z
  • Zhang Z, Y Yoon, X Lin, DP Acharya, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2012. "OH Group Dynamics of 1, 3-propanediol on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3(22):3257-3263.  doi:10.1021/jz301412m

2011

  • Li Z, RS Smith, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2011. "Determination of Absolute Coverages for Small Aliphatic Alcohols on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(45):22534-22539.  doi:10.1021/jp208228f
  • Matthiesen J, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2011. "Mixing it up - Measuring diffusion in supercooled liquid solutions of methanol and ethanol at temperatures near the glass transition." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2(6):557-561.  doi:10.1021/jz2000744
  • May RA, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2011. "Probing the Interaction of Amorphous Solid Water on a Hydrophobic Surface: Dewetting and Crystallization Kinetics of ASW on Carbon Tetrachloride." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(44):19848-19855.  doi:10.1039/C1CP21855G
  • Ayotte P, P Marchand, JL Daschbach, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2011. "HCI Adsorption and Ionization on Amorphous and Crystalline H2O Films below 50 K." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 115(23):6002-6014. 
  • Feibelman PJ, GA Kimmel, RS Smith, NG Petrik, T Zubkov, and BD Kay. 2011. "A unique vibrational signature of rotated water monolayers on Pt(111): predicted and observed." Journal of Chemical Physics 134(20):Article No. 204702.  doi:10.1063/1.3591966
  • Li Z, Z Zhang, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2011. "Polymerization of Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde on Ordered (WO3)3 Films on Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(19):9692-9700.  doi:10.1021/jp202169x
  • Li Z, Z Zhang, YK Kim, RS Smith, F Netzer, BD Kay, RJ Rousseau, and Z Dohnalek. 2011. "Growth of Ordered Ultrathin Tungsten Oxide Films on Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(13):5773-5783.  doi:10.1021/jp1108976
  • Smith RS, J Matthiesen, JR Knox, and BD Kay. 2011. "Crystallization Kinetics and Excess Free Energy of H2O and D2O Nanoscale Films of Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 115(23):5908-5917.  doi:10.1021/jp110297q

2010

  • Matthiesen J, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2010. "Measuring Diffusivity in Supercooled Liquid Nanoscale Films using Inert Gas Permeation: II. Diffusion of AR, KR, Xe, and CH4 through Methanol." Journal of Chemical Physics 133(17):174505-11.  doi:10.1063/1.3497648
  • Kim J, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2010. "Formaldehyde Polymerization on (WO3)3/TiO2(110) Model Catalyst." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(40):17017-17022. 
  • Parkinson GS, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2010. "Reactivity of Fe0 Atoms with mixed CCI4 and D2O films over FeO (111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(40):17136-17141.  doi:10.1021/jp103896k
  • Smith RS, J Matthiesen, and BD Kay. 2010. "Breaking through the Glass Ceiling: The Correlation Between the Self-Diffusivity in and Krypton Permeation through Deeply Supercooled Liquid Nanoscale Methanol Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 132(12):Art. No. 124502.  doi:10.1063/1.3361664
  • Smith RS, J Matthiesen, and BD Kay. 2010. "Measuring Diffusivity in Supercooled Liquid Nanoscale Films using Inert Gas Permeation: I. Kinetic Model and Scaling Methods." Journal of Chemical Physics 133(17):174504-11.  doi:10.1063/1.3497654

2009

  • Kim YK, Z Dohnalek, BD Kay, and RJ Rousseau. 2009. "Competitive Oxidation and Reduction of Aliphatic Alcohols over (WO3)3 Clusters." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(22):9721-9730. 
  • Kim YK, Z Zhang, GS Parkinson, SC Li, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2009. "Reactivity of FeO(111)/Pt(111)with Alcohols." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(46):20020-20028 . 
  • Matthiesen J, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2009. "Using Rare Gas Permeation to Probe Methanol Diffusion near the Glass Transition Temperature." Physical Review Letters 103(24):Article Number: 245902. 
  • Cholette F, T Zubkov, RS Smith, Z Dohnalek, BD Kay, and P Ayotte. 2009. "Infrared Spectroscopy and Optical Constants of Porous Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 113(13):4131-4140. 
  • Kimmel GA, J Matthiesen, M Baer, CJ Mundy, NG Petrik, RS Smith, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2009. "No Confinement Needed: Observation of a Metastable Hydrophobic Wetting Two-Layer Ice on Graphene." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(35):12838-12844. 
  • Parkinson GS, YK Kim, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of Fe-0 atoms and clusters with D2O over FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(2):4960-4969. 
  • Parkinson GS, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of C2Cl6 and C2Cl4 multilayers with Fe0 atoms over FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(23):10233-10241. 
  • Parkinson GS, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of Fe-0 Atoms, Clusters, and Nanoparticles with CC14 Multilayers on FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(5):1818-1829. 
  • Smith RS, T Zubkov, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2009. "The Effect of the Incident Collision Energy on the Porosity of Vapor Deposited Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 113(13):4000-4007. 
  • Zhang Z, RJ Rousseau, J Gong, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2009. "Imaging Hindered Rotations of Alkoxy Species on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(49):17926-17932. 

2008

  • Dohnalek Z, J Kim, and BD Kay. 2008. "Understanding How Surface Morphology and Hydrogen Dissolution Influence Ethylene Hydrogenation on Palladium." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(40):15796-15801.  doi:10.1021/jp803880x
  • Kim YK, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2008. "2-Propanol Dehydration on TiO2(110): The Effect of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancy Blocking." Surface Science 602(2):511-516.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.10.049
  • Kim YK, RJ Rousseau, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2008. "Catalytic Dehydration of 2-Propanol on (WO3)3 Clusters on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(15):5059-5061.  doi:10.1021/ja800730g
  • Li SC, Z Zhang, D Sheppard, BD Kay, JM White, Y Du, I Lyubinetsky, GA Henkelman, and Z Dohnalek. 2008. "Intrinsic Diffusion of Hydrogen on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(28):9080-9088.  doi:10.1021/ja8012825
  • Zhang Z, RJ Rousseau, J Gong, SC Li, BD Kay, Q Ge, and Z Dohnalek. 2008. "Vacancy Assisted Diffusion of Alkoxy Species on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 101(15):156103.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.156103

2007

  • Zhang Z, O Bondarchuk, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Direct Visualization of 2-Butanol Adsorption and Dissociation on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(7):3021-3027.  doi:10.1021/jp067461c
  • Zhang Z, Q Ge, SC Li, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 99(12):paper #126105.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.126105
  • Zubkov T, RS Smith, TR Engstrom, and BD Kay. 2007. "Adsorption, Desorption, and Diffusion of Nitrogen in a Model Nanoporous Material: I. Surface Limited Desorption Kinetics in Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Chemical Physics 127(18):Art. No. 184707.  doi:10.1063/1.2790432
  • Zubkov T, RS Smith, TR Engstrom, and BD Kay. 2007. "Adsorption, Desorption, and Diffusion of Nitrogen in a Model Nanoporous Material: II. Diffusion Limited Kinetics in Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Chemical Physics 127(14):Art. No. 184708.  doi:10.1063/1.2790433
  • Kim YK, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents on Reactivity and Selectivity." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(49):18236-18242.  doi:10.1021/jp075608+
  • Kim YK, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies of TiO2(110)." Catalysis Letters 119(1-2):1-4.  doi:10.1007/s10562-007-9199-1
  • Bondarchuk O, YK Kim, JM White, J Kim, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Surface Chemistry of 2-Propanol on TiO2(110): Low and High Temperature Dehydration, Isotope Effects, and Influence of Local Surface Structure." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(29):1105-11067.  doi:10.1021/jp072298m
  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, L Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, JE Herrera, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2007. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science. Meeting of the Catalysis and Chemical Transformations Program Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy Rockville, MD May 23-26, 2004, pp. 389-392.  Department of Energy, Washington, DC. 
  • Flaherty DW, Z Dohnalek, A Dohnalkova, BW Arey, DE McCready, N Ponnusany, CB Mullins, and BD Kay. 2007. "Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Porous TiO2 Films: Growth and Characterization." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(12):4765-4773.  doi:10.1021/jp067641m
  • Kim J, O Bondarchuk, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2007. "Preparation and Characterization of Monodispersed WO3 Nanoclusters on TiO2(110)." Catalysis Today 120(2):186-195.  doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2006.07.050
  • Kimmel GA, NG Petrik, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2007. "Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer." Journal of Chemical Physics 126(11):Art. No. 114702. 
  • Smith RS, P Ayotte, and BD Kay. 2007. "Formation of Supercooled Liquid Solutions from Nanoscale Amorphous Solid Films of Methanol and Ethanol." Journal of Chemical Physics 127(24):Art. No. 244705. 

2006

  • Dohnalek Z, J Kim, and BD Kay. 2006. "Growth of Epitaxial Thin Pd(111) Films on Pt(111) and Oxygen-Terminated FeO(111) Surfaces ." Surface Science 600(17):3461-3471.  doi:10.1016/j.susc.2006.06.036
  • Dohnalek Z, J Kim, OA Bondarchuk, JM White, and BD Kay. 2006. "Physisorption of N2, O2, and CO on Fully Oxidized TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110(12):6229-6235.  doi:10.1021/jp0564905
  • Zhang Z, O Bondarchuk, BD Kay, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2006. "Imaging Water Dissociation on TiO2(110): Evidence for Inequivalent Geminate OH Groups." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110(43):21840-21845.  doi:10.1021/jp063619h
  • Zhang Z, O Bondarchuk, JM White, BD Kay, and Z Dohnalek. 2006. "Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(13):4198-4199.  doi:10.1021/ja058466a
  • Bondarchuk O, X Huang, J Kim, BD Kay, LS Wang, JM White, and Z Dohnalek. 2006. "Formation of Monodisperse (WO3)3 Clusters on Ti02(110)." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 45(29):4786-4789.  doi:10.1002/anie.200600837
  • Kimmel GA, NG Petrik, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2006. "Layer-by-Layer Growth of Thin Amorphous Solid Water Films on Pt(111) and Pd(111)." Journal of Chemical Physics 125(4):044713-1 - 044713-12.  doi:10.1063/1.2218844
  • Smith RS, T Zubkov, and BD Kay. 2006. "The Effect of the Incident Collision Energy on the Phase and Crystallization Kinetics of Vapor Deposited Water Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 124(11):114710 (7 pages). 
  • Tait SL, Jr., Z Dohnalek, CT Campbell, and BD Kay. 2006. "n-alkanes on Pt(111) and on C(0001)/Pt(111): Chain Length Dependence of Kinetic Desorption Parameters." Journal of Chemical Physics 125(23):Art. No. 234308.  doi:10.1063/1.2400235

2005

  • Batista E, P Ayotte, A Bilic , BD Kay, and H Jonsson. 2005. "What Determines the Sticking Probability of Water Molecules on Ice?" Physical Review Letters doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.223201
  • Daschbach JL, Z Dohnalek, S Liu, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2005. "Water Adsorption, Desorption, and Clustering on FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109(20):10362-10370. 
  • Daschbach JL, J Kim, P Ayotte, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2005. "Adsorption and Desorption of HCI on Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109(32):15506-15514. 
  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, LS Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, H Fan, JE Herrera Perea, X Huang, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2005. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science: Proceedings of the 12th DOE/BES Heterogeneous Catalysis & Surface Science Meeting, pp. 389-392.  Frontiers in Catalysis Science, Upton, NY. 
  • Garrett BC, DA Dixon, DM Camaioni, DM Chipman, MA Johnson, CD Jonah, GA Kimmel, JH Miller, T Rescigno, PJ Rossky, SS Xantheas, SD Colson, AH Laufer, D Ray, PF Barbara, DM Bartels, KH Bowen, KH Becker, SE Bradforth, I Carmichael, JV Coe, LR Corrales, JP Cowin, M Dupuis, KB Eisenthal, JA Franz, MS Gutowski, KD Jordon, BD Kay, JA La Verne, SV Lymar, TE Madey, CW Mccurdy, D Meisel, S Mukamel, AR Nilsson, TM Orlando, NG Petrik, SM Pimblott, JR Rustad, GK Schenter, SJ Singer, A Tokmakoff, LS Wang, C Wittig, and TS Zwier. 2005. "Role of Water in Electron-Initiated Processes and Radical Chemistry: Issues and Scientific Advances." Chemical Reviews 105(1):355-389.  doi:10.1021/cr030453x
  • Gutowska A, L Li, Y Shin, CM Wang, XS Li, JC Linehan, RS Smith, BD Kay, BA Schmid, WJ Shaw, MS Gutowski, and T Autrey. 2005. "Nano-Scaffold Mediates Hydrogen Release and Reactivity of Ammonia Borane." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 44(23):3578-3582. 
  • Hornekaer L, A Baurichter, VV Petrunin, AC Luntz, BD Kay, and A Al-Halabi. 2005. "Influence of Surface Morphology on D-2 Desorption Kinetics from Amorphous Solid Water ." Journal of Chemical Physics 122(12):124701-1 - 11.  doi:10.1063/1.1874934
  • Kim J, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2005. "Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive Layer Assisted Deposition." Journal of the American Chemical Society 127(42):14592-93. 
  • Kim J, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2005. "Structural Characterization of Nanoporous Pd Films Grown Via Ballistic Deposition." Surface Science 586(1-3):137-145. 
  • Kimmel GA, NG Petrik, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2005. "Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111): Observation of a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer." Physical Review Letters 95(16):166102. 
  • Tait SL, Jr., Z Dohnalek, C Campbell, and BD Kay. 2005. "Methane Adsorption and Dissociation and Oxygen Adsorption and Reaction with CO on Pd Nanoparticles on MgO(100) and on Pd(111)." Surface Science 591(1-3):90-107. 
  • Tait SL, Jr., Z Dohnalek, CT Campbell, and BD Kay. 2005. "n-Alkanes on MgO(100). I: Coverage-Dependent Desorption Kinetics of n-Butane." Journal of Chemical Physics 122(16):4707 (9 pages). 
  • Tait SL, Jr., Z Dohnalek, CT Campbell, and BD Kay. 2005. "n-Alkanes on MgO(100). II. Chain Length Dependence of Kinetic Desorption Parameters for Small n-Alkanes." Journal of Chemical Physics 122(16):4708 (13 pages). 

2004

  • Daschbach JL, BM Peden, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2004. "Adsorption, Desorption, and Clustering H20 on Pt (111)." Journal of Chemical Physics 120(3):1516-1523. 
  • Daschbach JL, GK Schenter, P Ayotte, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2004. "Helium Diffusion Through H2O and D2O Amorphous Ice: A Lattice Inverse Istope Effect." Physical Review Letters 92(19):Art. no. 198306. 
  • Kim J, Z Dohnalek, JM White, and BD Kay. 2004. "Reactive Growth of Nanoscale MgO Films by Mg Atom Deposition onto O2 Multilayers." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108(31):11666-11671. 
  • Liu S, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2004. "Interaction of CH4, CH3Cl, CH2CI2, and CCl4 with O-terminated FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108(11):3644-3650. 

2003

  • Dohnalek Z, GA Kimmel, P Ayotte, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2003. "The Deposition Angle-Dependent Density of Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 118(1):364-372. 
  • Kimmel GA, M Persson, Z Dohnalek, and BD Kay. 2003. "Temperature Independent Physisorption Kinetics and Adsorbate Layer Compression for Ar Adsorbed on Pt (111)." Journal of Chemical Physics 119(13):6776-6783. 
  • Smith RS, Z Dohnalek, GA Kimmel, GR Teeter, P Ayotte, JL Daschbach, and BD Kay. 2003. "Molecular Beam Studies of Nanoscale Films of Amorphous Solid Water." Chapter 14 in Water in Confining Geometries, ed. V. Buch and J.P. Devlin, pp. 337-357.  Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. 

2002

  • Dohnalek Z, GA Kimmel, DE McCready, JA Young, A Dohnalkova, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2002. "Structural and chemical characterization of aligned crystalline nanoporous MgO films grown via reactive ballistic deposition ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106(14):3526-3529 .  doi: 10.1021/jp013801c
  • Dohnalek Z, GA Kimmel, DE McCready, JS Young, A Dohnalkova, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2002. "Structural and Chemical Characterization of Aligned Crystalline Nanoporous MgO Films Grown via Reactive Ballistic Deposition." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106(14):3526-3529. 
  • Dohnalek Z, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2002. "Adsorption Dynamics and Desorption Kinetics of Argon and Methane on MgO(100) ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106(33):8360-8366. 
  • Ayotte P, RS Smith, GR Teeter, Z Dohnalek, GA Kimmel, and BD Kay. 2002. "A Beaker without Walls: Formation of Deeply Supercooled Binary Liquid Solutions of Alcohols from Nanoscale Amorphous Solid Films." Physical Review Letters 88(24):art. no. 245505. 
  • Smith RS, Z Dohnalek, GA Kimmel, KP Stevenson, and BD Kay. 2002. "The Relationship between the Self-diffusivity of Supercooled and Amorphous Solid Water." In 220th American Chemical Society National Meeting: Liquid Dynamics experiment, simulation, and theory; ACS Symposium series, vol. 820, ed. Fourkas, J. T., pp. 198-213.  American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.. 

2001

  • Dohnalek Z, GA Kimmel, SA Joyce, P Ayotte, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2001. "Physisorption of CO on The MgO(100) Surface." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 105(18):3747-3751. 
  • Ayotte P, RS Smith, KP Stevenson, Z Dohnalek, GA Kimmel, and BD Kay. 2001. "Effect of Porosity on the Adsorption, Desorption, Trapping and Release of Volatile gases by Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets 106(E12):33,387-33,392. 
  • Kimmel GA, KP Stevenson, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2001. "Control of Amorphous Solid Water Morphology using Molecular Beams - I: Experimental Results ." Journal of Chemical Physics 114(12):5284-5294. 
  • Kimmel GA, KP Stevenson, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2001. "Control of Amorphous Solid Water Morphology using Molecular Beams - II: Ballistic Deposition Simulations ." Journal of Chemical Physics 114(12):5295-5303. 

2000

  • Dohnalek Z, GA Kimmel, RL Ciolli, KP Stevenson, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 2000. "The Effect of Underlying Substrate on the Crystallization Kinetics of Dense Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 112(13):5932-5941. 
  • Smith RS, Z Dohnalek, GA Kimmel, KP Stevenson, and BD Kay. 2000. "The Self-diffusivity of Amorphous Solid Water Near 150 K." Chemical Physics 258(3):291-305. 

1999

  • Dohnalek Z, RL Ciolli, GA Kimmel, KP Stevenson, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 1999. "Substrate Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Solid Water at Low Temperatures." Journal of Chemical Physics 110(12):5489-5492. 
  • Peden CHF, GS Herman, IZ Ismagilov, BD Kay, MA Henderson, YJ Kim, and SA Chambers. 1999. " Model Catalyst Studies with Single Crystals and Epitaxial Thin Oxide Films." Catalysis Today 51(3-4):513-519. 
  • Smith RS, and BD Kay. 1999. "The Existence of Supercooled Liquid Water at 150 K." Nature 398:788-791. 
  • Stevenson KP, GA Kimmel, Z Dohnalek, RS Smith, and BD Kay. 1999. "Controlling the Morphology of Amorphous Solid Water." Science 283:1505-1507. 

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