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Newsmakers

Advancing scientific frontiers. If your work is truly influential, you'll be viewed as an expert in the science world and beyond. One measure of impact is when others seek out your insights.

Our Newsmakers page features experts from PNNL's Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate who've been recently quoted, asked to speak to influential organizations, or taken on national or international appointments

2014

Yu Research Paper Achieved 3000 Downloads

Dr. Xiao-Ying Yu, atmospheric scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, recently reached an impressive 3,000 downloads on a published book chapter in InTech. Her chapter in Integrated Waste Management–Volume I, “Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosols using Semi-Continuous Thermal-Optical Method” discusses the impact of waste management on emitting carbon-containing aerosols, a big contribution to pollution. Published in August 2011, the paper has been a most popular download in the United States, India, China, Italy, and the United Kingdom.

July 2014

PNNL Team Wins R&D 100 Award for SALVI

SALVI
SALVI, the System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface, won a 2014 R&D 100 Award. Enlarge Image.

A small window to the world of liquid interfaces has won an R&D 100 Award for a team of PNNL researchers. Xiao-Ying Yu, Zihua Zhu, Bingwen Liu, Martin Iedema and Matthew Marshall of PNNL and collaborators James Cowin and Li Yan developed the System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface (SALVI), a novel innovation that allows a new level of molecular insight and liquid analysis that can be deployed in a range of instruments. By allowing a view of liquid-to-liquid interfaces while the sample is in its native state, scientists can view reactions in real time with a highly portable system. The new device will promote insights into nanoparticles, bacteria, batteries, and more. The invention has been patented, and a commercial version of SALVI will be available by the end of the year. The highly coveted R&D Magazine award recognizes the 100 most innovative technologies each year.

For more info, see PNNL News Release "PNNL scientists win 3 R&D 100 awards for visual display, analytics and energy technologies"

For a full list of winners, see R&D Magazine.

July 2014

Burrows Quoted on Sea Spray Research in IOP News Blog

Susannah Burrows
Dr. Susannah Burrows 

Dr. Susannah Burrows, atmospheric researcher at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in the IOP community website, environmentalresearchweb for her recent co-authored paper, "Prospects for Simulating Macromolecular Surfactant Chemistry at the Ocean-Atmosphere Boundary" published in Environmental Research Letters. Until recently, most atmospheric climate models treated sea spray as sea salt. As explained in the paper, researchers are beginning to quantify and evaluate the large amount of organic matter in sea spray, finding its composition varies hugely depending on local conditions. For the first time, climate models can mechanistically predict the amount of organic matter in sea spray. Burrows is a climate modeler whose research explores chemical modeling of marine biogeochemical influence on submicron sea spray particles.

July 2014

Rasch, Guenther Make Highly Cited Researchers 2014 List

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are impacting the atmospheric science community, with the science to prove it. Highly Cited Researchers found that two of PNNL's atmospheric scientists, Phil Rasch and Alex Guenther, are among the top cited researchers in average citations per paper in the category of geosciences. The ranking was found with InCites, a Thomson Reuters analytical tool that combed their database of indexed published papers from 2002-2012. Representing the top 1% in their field, only 250 researchers in each field were selected based on total citations to their papers published during this period.

Read more here: http://highlycited.com/info.htm

For more, see Five PNNL researchers named among the world's most cited

For a searchable list, see: http://isihighlycited.com/

July 2014

Leon Clarke and Jae Edmonds Quoted on IPCC Report Conclusions

Leon Clarke and Jae Edmonds of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory were quoted in numerous media outlets concerning the third of three recent working group reports, "Mitigation of Climate Change," from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Clarke, coordinating lead author of the report's chapter on mitigation strategies, explained that future options will be limited by the actions societies take now to lower carbon emissions. Clarke is a senior research economist working on model analysis and the role of technology to address climate change.

In The Washington Post: "'The longer we wait, the harder this is going to get,' said Leon Clarke, a senior research economist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...."

Edmonds, a Battelle Fellow and senior scientist at PNNL, is lead author of the report's chapter on energy systems. He was quoted about the trade-offs involved in choosing energy systems through emissions reduction, cost and climate change.

In ClimateWire: "'From an energy perspective, the growth of gas is a big deal,' said James Edmonds. ...‘From a climate perspective, maybe less so.' Gas reduces carbon emissions when it displaces coal, he said, but raises them when it displaces renewables or nuclear power."

Clarke and Edmonds work at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between the University of Maryland and PNNL, located in College Park, Maryland.

See also The Washington Post, The Christian Science Monitor, ClimateWire, Mashable, On Point - WBUR, USA Today, National Geographic and Science.

For more information, read the Working Group III report and watch a video statement by Edmonds.

May 2014

Aaron Appel Quoted on Catalyst for Ethanol Fuel

Dr. Aaron Appel at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory wrote a News & Views article in Nature about copper-based materials that efficiently convert carbon monoxide and water to ethanol. The discovery, made at Stanford University, is a major advance towards storing renewable energy in the form of a liquid fuel. This article led to Appel being quoted in a story by Reuters' Will Dunham that appeared in multiple outlets, including the Wichita Eagle, the New Hampshire Union Leader, the Toledo Blade, and Deutschlandfunk.

April 2014

Dooley Quoted in National Geographic on Coal Impacts

James Dooley, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory senior scientist working at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland, was quoted in the April issue of National Geographic. The article "Can Coal Ever Be Clean?" describes the leading role coal plays in driving global climate change as well as the local ecological impacts associated coal mining. Dooley is an expert on greenhouse gas emissions mitigation technologies and in particular on carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). In the National Geographic article, he states that while CCS is a promising component of how humanity can address climate change, CCS will not begin to deploy commercially unless there are regulations in place that establish a penalty for releasing greenhouse gases to the atmosphere or otherwise encourage the use of this technology.  Dooley's research has shown that CCS technologies that exist today can play a critical role in reducing the global climate impacts associated with fossil fuel use, and can do so at a reasonable cost. 

April 2014

LA Times Cites PNNL Climate Modeling in Geoengineering Article

Geoengineering modeling research at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is proving impactful in a recent article in the Los Angeles Times. The article, "Climate engineering ideas no longer considered pie in the sky" includes PNNL research assessing the impacts of geoengineering techniques. The article covers proposed geoengineering techniques, as well as several efforts to assess geoengineering. Geoengineering describes deliberate technologies proposed by some as a temporary way of reducing the climate effects of greenhouse gases while mitigation is in progress.

March 2014

PNNL Research Makes Top Ten in Journal of Hydrometeorology

Top Ten graphic courtesy of Same Churchill, Creative Commons License
Image courtesy of Creative Commons License.

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are having an impact in understanding how surface water processes intersect with land, atmosphere and climate systems. Two recent papers led by PNNL researchers are now in the top ten most read papers for the previous 12 months at the Journal of Hydrometeorology (JHM)

PNNL researchers in the two studies include Larry Berg, Andre Coleman, Maoyi Huang, Yinghai Ke, L. Ruby Leung, Hong-Yi Li, and Mark Wigmosta.

The two papers include research on a new river-routing model that improves simulation of water flow at different scales than some widely used large-scale routing models. See the highlight, Rivers Run Right Through It...The Model; and research that included irrigation in a climate model to find it tips the balance of water vapor and upward moving air to affect the boundary layer and shallow cloud systems. See the highlight, Irrigation's Impact on Clouds and Climate.

A journal of the American Meteorological Society, JHM publishes the science of modeling and forecasting water and energy fluxes, interactions with the lower atmosphere and boundary layer, and precipitation, radiation and associated meteorological processes.

February 2014

James Amonette Quoted in Capital Press

James Amonette

Dr. James Amonette, a geochemist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in a story about the agriculture industry considering potential uses for biochar, a charcoal formed by heating biomass in the absence of oxygen. Biochar has the potential to both sequester carbon and help with soil fertility, especially in the tropics where soils are typically quite acidic. When added to soil, biochar degrades extremely slowly according to Amonette. The article "Bringing up biochar" was published on February 6 in Capital Press.

February 2014

Kleese Van Dam Quoted in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News

In the January 2014 issue of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, PNNL's Kerstin Kleese van Dam, an associate division director in CSMD and Technical Lead of the Scientific Data Management Group, is featured as part of an article highlighting the upcoming Big Data and Analytics in Life Sciences Forum, hosted by the International Quality & Productivity Center in Boston on January 27-28, 2014.


Kerstin Kleese van Dam discusses big data. 

In the article, "Big Data Expected to Impact Pharma R&D," which also examined how to manage, and benefit from, the vast amounts of data affecting pharmaceutical development, Kleese van Dam is quoted describing the work of the Chemical Imaging, Future Power Grid and Analysis in Motion initiatives at PNNL in creating tools that address this confluence of volume, rate and heterogeneity of informatics data. Notably, she explained the role of three data paradigms that PNNL uses to simultaneously organize and interpret data throughout the research process: always on analysis, analysis in motion and analytics at the edge.

Kleese van Dam will present "Case Study: Advances in Predictive Analytics" at the Big Data and Analytics in Life Sciences Forum on Tuesday, January 28 at 1:30 PM.

January 2014

2013

Kravitz Quoted in ClimateWire and Science on Geoengineering Studies

Dr. Ben Kravitz, atmospheric researcher at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in two news articles for the prestigious ClimateWire and Science. The devastating consequences of starting and suddenly stopping a climate engineering process could dangerously accelerate climate change, according to the study featured in ClimateWire's article. Kravitz, a member of the science team that ran the study's models, noted that benefits of these techniques are not only unproven, but the secondary effects of starting and stopping them are unknown.

In a related article, Kravitz was quoted in a Science News Focus article commenting on a colleague's contribution to the study of climate engineering, also known as geoengineering. Kravitz is a climate modeler whose research explores geoengineering techniques and their possible limits and consequences.

Geoengineering—deliberate reduction in the amount of solar radiation retained by Earth—is a proposed temporary way of reducing some of the effects of greenhouse gases while mitigation is in progress.

December 2013

Morris Bullock Quoted in New York Times


Morris Bullock was quoted in the December 2, 2013, issue of the New York Times

In the December 2 issue of the New York Times, an American daily newspaper that has won 112 Pulitzer Prizes, Dr. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is quoted on the diversity of approaches to the discovery of molecular catalysts as alternatives to precious metals. In the article, "Building a Cheaper Catalyst," writer Douglas Quenqua covers creation of catalysts based on iron and cobalt reported by three teams. These metals could replace precious metals, which have toxicity and cost issues. Bullock is quoted regarding the impact of the diverse recipes used.

Bullock leads the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and American Chemical Society. His work in developing transition metal electrocatalysts has earned him the Royal Society of Chemistry's Homogeneous Catalysis Award in 2013.

December 2013

Morris Bullock Quoted in C&E News

Morris Bullock
R. Morris Bullock, Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis Director

Dr. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is quoted in the December 16 issue of Chemical & Engineering News. In the article, "Catalysts that are less precious," Deputy Assistant Managing Editor Stu Borman covers three new catalytic studies about using iron and other earth-abundant metals. These metals could replace palladium and other precious metals, which present cost and toxicity issues. Bullock is quoted at the conclusion of the article regarding the diverse approaches: "there is no exclusive single 'recipe' for success in developing catalysts based on cheap metals -- an observation that is encouraging to chemists seeking to design and develop catalysts based on abundant, inexpensive metals."

Bullock leads the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and American Chemical Society. His work in developing transition metal electrocatalysts has earned him the Royal Society of Chemistry's Homogeneous Catalysis Award in 2013.

December 2013

Morris Bullock Quoted in Chemistry World


Dr. R. Morris Bullock

Dr. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is quoted in Chemistry World, the Royal Society of Chemistry's magazine. In the article, "Base metal catalysts strike hydrogenation gold," writer Andy Extance discusses three new studies about iron and other earth-abundant catalysts. These metals could replace precious metals, such as rhodium and palladium, which offer cost and toxicity challenges. Bullock highlights the value these catalysts present to reactions responsible for creating pharmaceuticals and producing energy.

Bullock leads the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and American Chemical Society. His work in developing transition metal electrocatalysts has earned him the Royal Society of Chemistry's Homogeneous Catalysis Award in 2013.

December 2013

Ilke Arslan featured in DOE Pulse

The November 18 issue of DOE Pulse featured Dr. Ilke Arslan of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The article discusses how this diplomat's daughter, who completed her doctoral degree at the age of 25, applies the fundamentals of physics to change the scientific community's view of nanoparticles. Her research is working towards the goal of providing a clear view of a working catalyst in real time, in three dimensions, and at the atomic scale. Arlsan's imaging work is providing fundamental answers for her teammates in PNNL's Chemical Imaging Initiative and Institute for Integrated Catalysis.

Read the DOE Pulse article "Ilke Arslan: A catalyst for clarity."

November 2013

Cho, Cort, and Fraga Quoted in C&E News

Herman Cho
Herman Cho
John Cort
John Cort

Carlos Fraga

The chemical forensics work of Herman Cho, John Cort, and Carlos Fraga at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was called out in Chemical & Engineering News. Reporter Carmen Drahl had readers vote on what she would cover each day at the American Chemical Society's fall meeting in Indianapolis. A symposium on analytical methods in chemical forensics, organized by Cho, Cort and Fraga, received the most votes and was highlighted in her article. The PNNL scientists are supported by federal agencies to research methods for tracking illicit substances and materials used to produce chemical weapons. The session included talks about recent advances, including Cort's discussion of recent nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy advances. Cho and Cort are in PNNL's Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate; Fraga, National Security.

November 2013

Ian Kraucunas Quoted in Ensia

Ian Kraucunas, Deputy Director of the Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in Ensia, a magazine addressing environmental solutions. The article, The Value of Talking About Values, coincided with the release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report, which documents the current state of the science of climate change. The article examines how people react to climate change science and proposed solutions, based on their personal values. Kraucunas recounts an enlightening anecdote from his previous position with the Board of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate at the National Research Council and provides an analogy to help illustrate how values intersect with facts in the context of political decision making. The article goes on to discuss some of  the perils of allowing scientific research to become a proxy for debates over values, and what might be done to ensure that science effectively informs, rather that exacerbates, political debates.

For more, read the complete article, "The Value of Talking About Values."

October 2013

Smith Paper Featured in Science Magazine Editor's Choice

A Science magazine "editor's choice" article discussed recent work by Dr. Steven Smith, senior scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The article, "Which Emissions to Reduce?" covered Smith's new results concerning the merits of prioritizing reducing climate-affecting pollution emissions that have a short life in the atmosphere, versus focusing on reducing long-lived greenhouse gases. The publication concludes that a policy of targeting short-term climate forcers may not achieve the reductions in climate change that previous work had postulated. Smith is well-known for his research on the role of pollutant emissions in scenarios of future climate change. He works at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland. Read the full article.

October 2013

Cort, Metaxas Research Featured in Chemical & Engineering News

John Cort
John Cort

Research by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientist Dr. John R. Cort and PNNL undergraduate summer intern Athena E. Metaxas was highlighted by Chemical & Engineering News reporter Carmen Drahl in the September 16 issue. "NMR Method Can Chase Down Chemical Threats," described the researchers' use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to clearly distinguish different salt forms of the highly toxic alkaloid strychnine from one another based on the way different counterions such as chloride or sulfate influence the NMR spectra.

The ability to associate chemicals with their source or with other samples having a common origin is fundamental to the establishment of attribution signatures for chemical forensics. This method may be applicable to other organic compounds of interest that commonly exist as two or more distinct salt forms, including many pesticides, counterfeit pharmaceuticals, illicit drugs, and biological toxins.

Reference: Metaxas AE and JR Cort. 2013. "Counterion Influence on Chemical Shifts in Strychnine Salts." Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 51(5):292-298. DOI: 10.1002/mrc.3945.

September 2013

John Loring Quoted in Physics Today Online

John Loring
John Loring

Dr. John Loring, a geochemist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted by reporter Rachel Berkowitz about PNNL's investigations related to carbon dioxide storage under the Carbon Sequestration Initiative. The article "Trapping and keeping carbon dioxide emissions" was published in the September 11 online edition of Physics Today. Loring is a principal investigator for the CSI's project "In Situ Molecular-Scale Investigations of Reactions between Supercritical CO2 and Minerals Relevant to Geological Carbon Storage."

September 2013

Meredydd Evans Quoted in Concentrated Solar Power Today

Meredydd Evans
Meredydd Evans

Meredydd Evans, energy efficiency expert and scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in CSP Today, an online trade publication reaching professionals and researchers interested in new technologies and research for the concentrated solar power industry. The article explores how China might use clean energy options for district heating. Evans has worked extensively in China and collaborated with researchers, engineers, government and policy offices in the region. She is internationally known for her work in building energy codes, energy efficiency and clean energy policy and conducts research at the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) in Maryland. JGCRI is a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland. Read the full article.

September 2013

Ruby Leung Authored Regional Climate Model Article in EOS

L. Ruby Leung
L. Ruby Leung

Dr. L. Ruby Leung, atmospheric scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, wrote a feature article for EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), published August 20. The report describes recent advancements in regional climate modeling through a project called Development of Frameworks for Robust Regional Climate Modeling. Leung describes a hierarchical framework to systematically evaluate climate simulations at regional scales and insights from several studies that analyzed simulations generated as part of the hierarchy to understand discrete challenges in regional climate simulations. Leung is a world-renowned leader in regional climate modeling, is co-principal investigator of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program, and is a designated fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Meteorological Society, the AGU and a member of the Washington State Academy of Sciences. Read the full article.

September 2013

Szanyi and Peden featured in Chemical & Engineering News

Janos Szanyi
Janos Szanyi Chuck Peden
Chuck Peden

In the August 26 issue of Chemical & Engineering News, Mitch Jacoby discussed the research of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists Janos Szanyi and Charles H.F. Peden, and their team. The article "Pinpointing Intermediates," identifies the key geometries and oxidation states in catalysts for NOx cleanup, and shows the connection to enzyme catalysis. Szanyi was quoted explaining how tailoring the catalyst can help certain engines meet emission standards. 

Article link: http://cen.acs.org/articles/91/i34/Pinpointing-Intermediates.html

September 2013

Climate Modeling of Geoengineering: Meeting report featured in EOS

Dr. Ben Kravitz, atmospheric postdoctoral researcher at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, co-authored "Robust Results from Climate Model Simulations of Geoengineering" published in the August 13 edition of EOS. The publication is a summary report from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) meeting held in April 2013. Solar geoengineering—deliberate reduction in the amount of solar radiation retained by the Earth—is a proposed temporary way of reducing some of the effects of greenhouse gases while mitigation is in progress. GeoMIP uses climate models developed around the world to simulate the effects of solar geoengineering in response to greenhouse gas emissions.

September 2013

Ben Bond-Lamberty Blogs for PLOS Biology

Sharing his expertise, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's scientist Dr. Ben Bond-Lamberty authored an introduction to the Ecological Impact of Climate Change Collection for the Public Library of Science (PLOS) journals. As an editor for PLOS ONE, Bond-Lamberty curated a list of publications in conjunction with the 2013 Ecological Society of America meeting. His article presents the broad range of research within the Collection that reveals the multi-faceted impacts of climate change on ecological and human systems. The article is published in PLOS Collections and on the PLOS EveryONE blog. 

The Public Library of Science (PLOS) is a nonprofit publishing, membership, and advocacy organization with a mission to accelerate progress in science and medicine by leading a transformation in research communication. Bond-Lamberty works out of the Joint Global Climate Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland.

See also: Discover Magazine news release, "How 9 Well-Known Critters are Weathering a Changing Climate," and the Huffington Post news release "PLOS Research Predicts Climate Change ‘Winners' and ‘Losers'."

August 2013

Nigel Browning Commentary in Nature Chemistry

Nigel Browning
Nigel Browning serves as the Chief Science Officer on PNNL's Chemical Imaging Initiative

A commentary by Dr. Nigel Browning, the Chief Science Officer for the Chemical Imaging Initiative at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was recently published in Nature Chemistry. The commentary featured recent four-dimensional electron microscopy (4D-EM) work done by the research group of Nobel prize winning scientist Ahmed Zewail. Browning highlighted the wealth of new information 4D-EM has revealed about how electronic phase transitions occur in individual nanoparticles, how the particle-to-particle variability changes the speed and magnitude of the transition, and how interactions between nanoparticles control the ensemble-average response of the system. The power of 4D-EM to image structural dynamics on the scale of a few hundred nanoseconds and allow the switching dynamics to be quantified makes a unique contribution to the study of nanostructures. A broad class of electronic phase transitions in individual nanomaterials can now be studied directly using 4D-EM.

August 2013

Johannes Lercher
Johannes Lercher

Johannes Lercher Quoted in Nature

Dr. Johannes Lercher, who is PNNL's Institute for Integrated Catalysis Director, was quoted in "Here, there and everywhere," in May 23, 2013, in Nature. The article discusses scientists who travel extensively in their job and how they manage the additional challenges and opportunities it brings. Lercher was quoted because in addition to his work in Richland, Washington, he is also a professor at TU Munich in Germany. In regards to his situation, Lercher states, "It broadens your horizons. You can do things you cannot do in a single location."
May 2013


Kerstin Kleese van Dam
Kerstin Kleese van Dam

Kerstin Kleese van Dam Authors Big Data Article

The Multimodal Analysis and Integration Framework for Chemical Imaging lead at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Dr. Kerstin Kleese van Dam wrote about the need for in-situ management and analysis of massive experimental data sets in Datanami. The Rapid Experimental Analysis Framework and Component Library, REXAN, is discussed. Developed through the Chemical Imaging Initiative, REXAN provides a library of analytical components for essential actions, including compressions, feature detection and visualization. In the future, Kleese van Dam expects to see a publically available REXAN repository with open-source and proprietary components that allow scientists to build near-real-time analysis tools.
April 2013


Sotiris Xantheas' Work Highlighted in Chemical & Engineering News

Research by Dr. Sotiris Xantheas at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on how the classic SN2 bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction, a reaction of fundamental importance in organic chemistry, is halted in the gas phase by just two or three water molecules was highlighted in a 2-page story in Chemical & Engineering News, February 25. The reaction exchanges atoms or functional groups attached to an electron-deficient carbon center. The reaction works well in organic solvents, but not in water. Xantheas and his colleagues at Hiroshima University, in a Communication which will appear in the Angewandte Chemie International Edition, combined theory and experiment to gain a molecular-level understanding of how the water stops the reaction.
February 2013


Morris Bullock Named Geek of the Week

Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis Director Dr. R. Morris Bullock was selected as Geek of the Week. Bullock was chosen for this honor for his foundational research in affordable, earth-abundant catalysts. You can learn more about Bullock's inspirations, aspirations and role models in GeekWire's article.
February 2013



Dick Smith interviewed for R&D Magazine

R&D Magazine explores systems biology with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Dr. Richard (Dick) Smith and other former scientists of the year in the article "Beyond the Genome," published February 26. Smith, who is a Battelle Fellow and Director of Proteome Research at PNNL, was the magazine's 2010 Scientist of the Year, selected for his pioneering work in effectively combining the development of new technology with its application to biological systems to gain new insights.
February 2013


Newest AAAS Fellows

New AAAS Fellows Honored

Laboratory Fellow Nigel Browning, Associate Laboratory Director for National Security Anthony Peurrung, Associate Laboratory Director for Fundamental & Computational Sciences Douglas Ray, and Associate Laboratory Director for Environmental Molecular Sciences Allison Campbell (left to right) were inducted as Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at the 2013 AAAS meeting in Boston. Learn more about our newest AAAS Fellows.
February 2013


L. Ruby Leung Quoted in Science

Dr. L. Ruby Leung, atmospheric scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in a Science magazine News & Analysis article about global and regional modeling. The article describes a recent study by climate modelers to gauge the effectiveness of regional models to predict regional change. Leung, a world-renowned leader in regional climate modeling, is co-principal investigator of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program, which recently evaluated temperature and precipitation results from six regional climate models over a 30-year period.
February 2013


Jim Fredrickson Quoted in Science News

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fellow Jim Fredrickson was quoted in the February 3 issue of in the story "Gold-digging microbe," which is about a gold-precipitating bacterium reported in Nature Chemical Biology by a research group at McMaster University. This organism produces an extracellular organic complexing ligand that facilitates complexation of dissolved gold and reduces the ions to form elemental gold. Fredrickson was asked to comment on the new findings presented in the manuscript. He is recognized internationally for research in geomicrobiology, emphasizing microbial iron reduction and oxidation.
February 2013


Ben Kravitz Quoted in The Chronicle of Higher Education

Dr. Ben Kravitz, atmospheric postdoctoral researcher at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in "As Temperatures Keep Rising, Geoengineering Gets a Closer Look" published in the January 28th edition of The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle is a publication for college and university faculty members and administrators. Kravitz was sought after for his expertise on the impacts of climate engineering techniques. The article features the topic of geoengineering, including Kravitz's comment regarding the use of iron sulfate to grow phytoplankton in the Pacific Ocean. This research has implications for climate warming.
February 2013


Evgueni Kassianov Aerosol Research Featured in Eos Research Spotlight

Dr. Evgueni Kassianov, atmospheric scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was lead author on a publication chosen for a January 15 Eos "Research Spotlight." Eos, a newsletter for members of the American Geophysical Union, highlights selected new research from all of the AGU journals. The spotlight features Kassianov's research published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, concerning the unexpected role of large, "coarse-mode" aerosols in relatively clear-sky conditions. The research has implications for calculating the effects of these sunlight-scattering particles on the Earth's energy budget. For more on this research, see "Invisible Giants in the Sky"
January 2013

2012

Yuehe Lin Quoted in Chemistry World

Dr. Yuehe Lin, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in the November 13 issue of Chemistry World, the print and online magazine of the Royal Society of Chemistry. The article, "Detecting Cancer Cells and Parasites" discussed the research of Jaime Castillo-León and colleagues from the Technical University of Denmark who designed a new sensor that may aid in cancer research, among other applications. The sensor acts to detect cells that over-express folate receptors. Lin, whose expertise is biomedical diagnosis commented on the research and was optimistic regarding the potential of this sensor for use in detecting both diseases in which cells over-express folate receptors and, eventually, for other biomarkers as well.
November 2012


Dan DuBois Quoted in ScienceNow

Dr. Dan DuBois of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was quoted on Nov. 8, 2012, in ScienceNow, published by the American Assocation for the Advancement of Science. The article, "A Wet Way to Better Burning," discussed a new catalyst recently developed by chemists at the University of Rochester that uses the energy in sunlight to generate hydrogen gas. DuBois commented on this contribution and remarked favorably on the durability of the new catalyst.
November 2012


Johannes Lercher Honored by Honeywell's UOP, LLC

Dr. Johannes Lercher, Director of the Institute for Integrated Catalysis at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was honored at the Vladimir Haensel Honeywell UOP Inaugural Invitational Lecture in Catalysis. This event recognized Lercher’s work in the global refining and petrochemical industries. Lercher presented the lecture, "Catalytic Alkane Activation and Catalytic Transformation" at Honeywell’s UOP Research Center in Des Plaines, Illinois. This lecture series is expected to occur annually.
November 2012


Dilip Ganguly

Tianbiao Liu and Morris Bullock Featured in Physics Today

The work of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) scientists, Dr. Tianbiao Liu and Dr. R. Morris Bullock was featured in the September 21 issue of Physics Today. The article was written by Rachel Berkowitz and titled "Plant-inspired Catalysts Smooth the Path to Cleaner Energy." It discussed research being conducted by Liu and Bullock at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis at PNNL, an Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) funded by Department of Energy. The focus of this work is to gain an understanding of how hydrogenase reactions function so that scientists will be able to design iron-based fuel cell catalysts that will perform the role of platinum at a much lower cost. This research is made possible through the efforts of the team members Shentan Chen, Molly O'Hagan, Mary Rakowski DuBois and Dan DuBois.
October 2012


Steve Smith, Laboratory Equipment's Scientist of the Week

Dr. Steven Smith, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was featured as Scientist of the Week by Laboratory Equipment, a print and online publication for laboratory researchers. Smith was chosen for his recent research that investigated the implications of solar radiation management, a technique that some have proposed for mitigating effects of climate change. See PNNL research highlight, Dimming the Sun's Light.
October 2012


James Amonette in Climate Central

Dr. James Amonette, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in a September 18 article in Climate Central, an online publication that communicates the science and effects of climate change. The article, "Biochar's Potential to Help Is Rich, but Hurdles Remain," discusses the applications of biochar and explained that there is a need for funding this type of research. Biochar is a charcoal formed from biomass, such as wood, rice straw or cornstalks, by pyrolysis, a process of that involves heating in the absence of oxygen. When the resulting material is added to soil, it degrades extremely slowly and can improve several soil properties that affect plant growth. As a result, biochar has the potential to both sequester carbon and help with soil fertility, especially in the tropics where soils are typically quite acidic.
September 2012


Smith and Rodland on Proteomics in Science

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Director of Proteomics Dr. Richard (Dick) D. Smith and Dr. Karin Rodland, Director of Biological Separations and Mass Spectrometry were quoted in a feature on Life Science Technologies in the August 31 issue of Science magazine. "Panning the Proteome for Biomarker Gold." The article features proteomics work being done by nine scientific institutions around the world to find biomarkers for cancer and other diseases.
September 2012


Science's "Editor's Choice" Highlights Research

Minghuai Wang
Dr. Minghuai Wang

Dr. Minghuai Wang, atmospheric scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was lead author on a publication featured as an editor's choice highlight in the journal Science on September 7. The article, titled "Constraints from Above," describes the research to develop a new metric from satellite-derived measurements showing how current climate models overestimate aerosol effects on the amount of cloud. The research was performed by an esteemed team of scientists led by Wang including Drs. Steven Ghan, Xiaohong Liu, Kai Zhang, Mikhail Ovchinnikov, Richard Easter, Duli Chand and Yun Qian at PNNL; Dr. Tristan L'Ecuyer of University of Wisconsin; Dr. Hugh Morrison of NCAR; Dr. Roger T. Marchand of University of Washington; and Dr. Joyce E. Penner of University of Michigan. See also, "How to Catch Aerosols in the Act."
September 2012


Phil Rasch Quoted in Seattle Post-Intelligencer on Cloud Brightening

Phil Rasch
Dr. Phil Rasch

Dr. Philip Rasch, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in an article about new research exploring a way to counteract some features of climate change. The article, published in the Seattle PI online newspaper, details research by a team of scientists, including Rasch, about a concept called marine-cloud brightening, that would increase cloud cover over the ocean to reflect sunlight away from the Earth. Rasch is chief scientist for atmospheric sciences at PNNL and a prominent researcher in the area of geoengineering, which looks at ways to alter the atmosphere to mitigate some effects of global warming. The research was published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A in September.


Dilip Ganguly in Nature as Community Choice Selection

Dr. Dilip Ganguly, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was mentioned in a Nature community choice article "Aerosols Keep Down Monsoon Rain" on August 1. Ganguly led a research team at PNNL that found local and remote sources of pollution effectively reduce the summer monsoon rainfall over South Asia. Nature's Community Choice articles feature "the most viewed papers in science." The Nature article also notes that Ganguly's publication was in the most highly read for all American Geophysical Union journals for the week of July 23. The publication has ranked in the top tier of "most popular journal articles" in Journal of Geophysical Research since July 23. See "Pollution Weakens Monsoon's Might."
August 2012


Morris Bullock Quoted in National Academy of Science Workshop Report

Dr. Morris Bullock, Director the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in The Role of the Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources: A Workshop Summary. Bullock spoke at the 2011 workshop on the need to develop catalysts based on earth-abundant metals, creating catalysts that can replace those based on noble metals. Bullock is quoted in the workshop report, which was published by the National Academy of Science through the Chemical Sciences Roundtable.
July 2012


Tony Janetos, Climate Expert on Fox Television

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was interviewed by the Fox television Washington, D.C., affiliate on July 6, 2012, as an expert on global climate change. Janetos, who directs the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland, commented about this summer's heat wave and extreme storm event in the Washington, D.C., area. Janetos said that recent heat waves are on top of a long-term pattern of rising regional temperatures, in effect making them more noticeable. View the video telecast.
July 2012


Tony Janetos, Seattle Science Festival 2012

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was a featured speaker at the 2012 Seattle Science Festival in June. Janetos, who directs the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland, talked about the difficulty of balancing the growing global needs for energy and food with the realities of rapid changes in the atmosphere and climate. Janetos presented how the scientific community uses both observations and models to understand societal changes, understanding the potential consequences of those choices and the urgency of the problems. View video of the presentation (beginning at 1:04:54).
June 2012


Karin Rodland interviewed by ProteoMonitor, KONA Radio

GenomeWeb's ProteoMonitor and KONA Radio Podcast interviewed Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fellow and cancer biologist Karin Rodland about a collaborative study on triple-negative breast cancer research. PNNL, Walter Reed Medical Center, and Windber Research Institute are teaming on a 20-month, $8.6-million project for the Department of Defense. Learn more, PNNL News Center.
May 2012


Todd Schaef and Casie Davidson featured on NBC Local News

Todd Schaef and Casie Davidson, scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, were interviewed for an NBC Local News story regarding the use of underground basalt rock for the storage of carbon dioxide gases, aired May 22. The story described how scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are researching local basalt formations as an option for controlling greenhouse gas emissions. Their research involves injecting liquid CO2 into porous basalt formations which over time will combine to eventually form a solid carbonate mineral that will remained buried forever. This process could go a long way toward mitigating global climate change. May 2012


Chuck Peden and Darrell Herling, C&E News

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's extensive research on new methods for controlling emissions from fuel efficient "lean-burn" vehicles was featured in Mitch Jacoby's cover story in the May 21 issue of Chemical and Engineering News. The article described considerable recent advances in catalytic converters. Dr. Chuck Peden was quoted on the subject of copper-chabazite catalysts for the selective catalytic reduction of harmful nitrogen oxides. Two captioned images of Peden and Dr. Darrell Herling were included in the article; one photo showing Peden and Herling comparing new and used diesel particulate filters, and the other photo featuring them conducting catalytic emission control tests on a diesel-fueled engine. May 2012


Doug Ray interviewed on "How on Earth"

Dr. Doug Ray, Associate Laboratory Director at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was interviewed for the radio program "How on Earth," produced by Jim Pullen of Boulder, CO. "How on Earth Podcast" is a half-hour weekly show that discusses current topics in science. The May 1, 2012, show focused on climate engineering options for addressing carbon dioxide emissions to curb the resulting climate change. Ray stressed that there are many unanswered questions and that there is a critical need for more research into potential solutions to reduce the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. May 2012


Doug Ray Quoted in a Story About the Future of Energy

Doug Ray, Associate Laboratory Director for the Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in an article titled "The Future of Energy: There is No Silver Bullet on April 16, 2012. Ray was quoted during a panel discussion at the University of Colorado Boulder at the 64th annual Conference on World Affairs. He expressed that further encouraging the development of a national carbon policy, such as a carbon cap and trade or a carbon tax system, could be a good way to transition to an energy system that is much cleaner than the one we currently have. April 2012



Monte Helm featured in NewScientist

The work of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's scientist, Dr. Monte Helm and his team was featured in the cover story of the April 16 issue of NewScientist (subscription required). The article described the challenges of artificial photosynthesis and discussed various options for catalysts. Monte and his team developed a new catalyst that uses nickel and discovered that it worked much faster than the hydrogenase found in nature, which utilizes two atoms of iron to stir up the electrons. While Helm's concept has not been actually used in a photosynthetic system, it shows promise due in part to nickel's abundance and cost-effectiveness. The research was originally featured in Science, vol 333, p 863. April 2012



Julia Laskin in Chemical & Engineering News

Dr. Julia Laskin, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was featured in the April 16, 2012, issue of Chemical & Engineering News. The article discusses a new award, now being given annually by the Women Chemists Committee of the American Chemical Society at their annual spring meeting. The "Rising Star Award" honors female chemists at the midpoint of their careers and aims to recognize and retain women in the field of chemistry. Ten women, representing a diverse range of chemistry specialties, were honored at this initial presentation. Laskin was selected for this award in deference to her work in gas-phase ion chemistry and mass spectrometry of complex molecules. April 2012


Tony Janetos Testifies on Climate Variability and Change

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos gave testimony on the impacts of rising sea levels on domestic infrastructures to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in Washington, D.C. on April 19, 2012. Read "Vulnerability of Energy Infrastructure to Sea-Level Rise and Climate Variability and Change or hear a webcast of the testimony by Janetos and the other four panelists. April 2012



Chongmin Wang and Fei Gao in Chemical and Engineering News

The research of Drs. Chongmin Wang and Fei Gao of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was highlighted and quoted in the March 26, 2012, issue of Chemical and Engineering News. The article, "Watching Battery Anodes In Action" discussed chemical and physical changes Wang, Gao, and their team observed when viewing a silicon-carbon anode in a nano-sized lithium-ion battery while it was being charged and discharged. The eventual aim of this research is to increase the charge capacity of lithium-ion batteries by replacing the carbon anodes with a silicon-carbon nanocomposite. April 2012


Richard Moss in NJSpotlight, Energy & Environment News

Dr. Richard Moss of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was quoted in an article titled "Weather Report: Wild with a Chance of Record Heat, Precipitation" in the March 29, 2012, edition of NJSpotlight's Energy & Environment News. Moss was quoted during a Rutgers University symposium titled "Extreme Weather and Climate Change: How can we address uncertainty?" He commented that the evidence to link changes in the frequency and intensity of tropical storms to human-caused climate change is not yet solid. Moss is a scientist working at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland. April 2012


Tony Janetos, Expert for "Climate Science 101"

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory explains the impacts of climate change in "Climate Science 101," a short course series recently released online. Janetos was instrumental in designing the course, sponsored by Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at George Mason University, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In the presentation, Janetos explains the evidence of climate impacts on the U.S. economy, the environment, and our use of natural resources. Janetos is Director of the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland. The presentation and short-course videos are now available on the NOAA ClimateWatch website. March 2012


John Cort in Chemical & Engineering News

The chemical forensics work of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fundamental and national security scientists appear in the February 6 cover story of Chemical & Engineering News, "Tracing a Threat." The article, which includes quotes from Dr. John Cort, Dr. Carlos Fraga, Dr. David Wunschel, and Dr. Helen Kreuzer explores the world of chemical forensic research and the scientific advances being made to link chemical weapons to their source, history, and maker. This work is sponsored by the Science and Technology Directorate of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. February 2012


Jun Liu in Chemical and Engineering News

Dr. Jun Liu, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in an article titled "Nanoparticle Catalysts that Rest on Graphene" in the February 3 issue of Chemical & Engineering News, a weekly magazine published by the American Chemical Society. This publication covers science and technology, business and industry, as well as government and policy aspects of the chemistry field. In this article, Liu commented on work done a Brown University. He spoke to the problems associated with polymer-electrolyte-membrane fuel cells and some of the challenges moving forward. February 2012



Tony Janetos, Weather and Climate Summit

Tony Janetos
Tony Janetos participated in a climate change panel discussion at the 2012 Glen Gerberg Weather and Climate Summit.

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was a featured speaker at the 2012 Glen Gerberg Weather and Climate Summit in January. The event gathered television weathercasters, meteorologists and leading climate researchers in the U.S. and Canada for education and information exchange. Janetos, Director of the Joint Global Climate Research Institute, was a featured speaker at the summit and also part of a climate change panel discussion with Ms. Eileen Shea of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Dr. John Furlow of the United States Agency for International Development. View presentations and panel discussions on the StormCenter YouTube channel.
January 2012


Chuck Long and John Shilling in Atmospheric Measurement Laboratory News Video

Drs. Chuck Long and John Shilling of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory explained about the complex mixing of chemicals in the atmosphere through a KNDU/KNDO-TV news report that aired on January 24. The report also featured the Atmospheric Measurement Lab's Environmental Chamber where scientists study formation of tiny chemical particles under conditions similar to those found in the atmosphere. This "atmosphere in a box" is a one-of-a-kind testing instrument at PNNL, and is helping researchers advance the science on aerosols, tiny bits of smoke, soot, and chemicals in the air that affect climate change. View the minute-plus video here.
January 2012

2011

Tony Janetos, Nature

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was quoted in an opinion article published in Nature about the necessity to promote the value of science during challenging budget times. Janetos, who directs the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland, commented on the difficulties faced by research scientists who pursue participation in public policy discussions.
December 2011



Jie Xiao, Talking Points Memo

Dr. Jie Xiao, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is quoted in "How graphene is helping to build a better electric car battery," which appears in Talking Points Memo, an online news organization that provides breaking news for the politically engaged. Xiao talks about her team's latest research into lithium-air batteries. By using a new form of graphene, the PNNL and Princeton University team achieved the highest energy storage capacity to date: 15,000 milliamp hours per gram.
December 2011



Tristram West, Nature Climate Change

Dr. Tristram O. West, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, wrote an analysis published in the November 2011 issue of Nature Climate Change titled "Mitigation: Monitoring Informs Management." West, a research scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland, analyzed methods to monitor greenhouse gas emissions from crops.
December 2011



Jerome Fast Receives AGU Editors' Citation

Dr. Jerome Fast, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, received an American Geophysical Union 2010 journals editors' citation for excellence in refereeing. The editors' citation recognizes a special contribution to AGU. Fast, an atmospheric scientist, was commended for consistently providing constructive and thoughtful reviews for the journal JGR-Atmospheres. November 2011



Dan DuBois, Science

Dr. Dan DuBois, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is quoted in Robert F Service's article, "Turning over a New Leaf" in the November 18, 2011 issue of Science Magazine. The article discussed different approaches to artificial photosynthesis and the difficulties in splitting water as effectively as plants do in natural photosynthesis. The article describes the challenge of turning electricity from the sun into fuel in an efficient and cost-competitive manner. November 2011


Chuck Peden and Johnathan Holladay in Chemistry & Industry Magazine

Dr. Chuck Peden and Dr. Johnathan Holladay, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, were quoted in an article titled "Catalysing biomass conversion" in Chemistry & Industry Magazine, published by the Society of Chemical Industry. Holladay talks about the catalysts needed and provides comparisons to the fossil fuel industry. Peden discusses the use of advanced imaging technologies and computational modeling tools to help speed the science behind developing highly effective catalysts for turning biomass into fuels. November 2011


Jun Liu, Chemical and Engineering News

In the November 21, 2011 issue of Chemical and Engineering News, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Dr. Jun Liu's and Dr. Jiguang Zhang's team were discussed and quoted by Mitch Jacoby in the story, "Graphene Moves toward Applications." The article referenced PNNL's work in the energy storage arena, specifically discussing a procedure to convert graphene sheets into a new material, which is pictured on the cover of the issue. The new material was used to create new electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries and lithium-air battery with exceptionally high specific storage capacity. November 2011



Jim Dooley, Elizabeth Malone, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

Jim Dooley, Dr. Elizabeth Malone, and Dr. Judith Bradbury (retired) of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have responded to a rebuttal article concerning their research, to be published in the 2012 Volume 6, Issue 1 of the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. Their original article, "Moving from misinformation derived from public attitude surveys on carbon dioxide capture and storage towards realistic stakeholder involvement," published in the same journal in 2010, was a sharp critique of public surveys both as a tool to gauge public opinion and as a method to inform public policy for carbon capture and storage technologies. Although complimentary of the researchers' rebuttal study, Dooley and Malone maintain that surveys producing pseudo opinions add no value to the literature or to stakeholder involvement efforts. They maintain that dialog about the complex issues involved in CCS is a better strategy for stakeholder involvement and more likely to increase acceptance of new technologies.


Dr. Sotiris Xantheas Work Highlighted in Chemistry World

The work of Dr. Sotiris Xantheas, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and team members from Heriot-Watt University, was highlighted in the September 23, 2011, issue of the Royal Society of Chemistry's Chemistry World. The article discussed the team's groundbreaking study of the NH4 (ammonium hydroxide) radical to determine its proper place on the electronegativity scale compared to alkali metals. Electron attraction and repulsion determine how atoms and pseudo-atoms, such as the NH4 radical, behave in different environments. This study provides scientists with the information they need to better predict, manipulate and control those behaviors, whether in batteries for solar farms or catalysts for bio-fuel production September 2011


Rahul Zaveri Featured in Experts Video

Dr. Rahul Zaveri of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is featured in a new video on PNNL's YouTube channel. Zaveri, a chemical engineer and research scientist, is one of the PNNL's topic experts in a segment titled "The Evolution of Pollution." In the video, Zaveri explains the effects of air pollution on climate change and the unsolved mysteries of increased atmospheric particles produced from the interaction between urban pollution and naturally-occurring hydrocarbon compounds.



Kevin Rosso and Carolyn Pearce, USA Today

Dr. Carolyn Pearce and Dr. Kevin Rosso, Pacific Northwest National Lab, appeared in photos that accompanied an article in USA Today, November 2011. The article is titled "Economy, lack of engineers could hinder U.S. innovation." In the article, Pearce and Rosso's work analyzing mineral samples from a nuclear reprocessing area is mentioned in the caption.



Morris Bullock in Chemical and Engineering News

R. Morris Bullock of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory discussed research carried out at PNNL in an article in C&E News on reducing the nation's reliance on precious metals and rare earths. Precious metals such as platinum are used as catalysts in fuel cells and other applications, and are vital to the nation's energy infrastructure. High costs and low abundance of precious metals, coupled with geo-political concerns over available supplies, have led to research on abundant, inexpensive metals that can be used instead of precious metals. Alternatives to these and more efficient use of these rare elements were the topics of a two-day National Academy of Sciences workshop. Bullock, Director of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, gave an invited talk at the workshop.


Daniel DuBois Quoted in Science and Wired

In October, Daniel DuBois was quoted in Science and Wired about two advances in turning sunlight's energy into chemical fuels. DuBois cautions that issues still remain to be solved, including speed and efficiency. He also notes that the research provides good examples for others striving to end the nation's reliance on fossil fuels.



Jay Grate and Matt O'Hara Quoted in Chemical & Engineering News

The great diversity of elements and complex sample matrix in nuclear waste presents tough challenges to those developing process monitoring methods for waste pretreatment before vitrification, according to Dr. Jay Grate in Chemical & Engineering News. Grate, a materials and analytical chemist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and his colleagues are solving issues around technetium in stored nuclear waste and in groundwater. Technetium is a radioactive element that has high mobility in the environment and a long half-life. The team developed a device designed to quickly pull technetium from nuclear waste process streams, separate it, and rapidly quantify it, providing near-real time analysis results. The article also discusses work by PNNL's Matthew O'Hara and his colleagues. His team is building sensors for autonomous monitoring of radionuclide levels in Hanford Site groundwater plumes. The technology could also aid in groundwater cleanup by monitoring technetium removal in a pump and treat process.


Ram Devanathan in ASCR Discovery

In ASCR Discovery, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Ram Devanathan discusses the need for integrating experimental and computational research to resolve the scientific challenges of energy systems, including battery research. The feature story draws on Devanathan's expertise in materials science and conducting computational simulations at different length and time scales.



Morris Bullock Discusses Catalysis Research with BBC, C&E News

In August, Morris Bullock was interviewed by two prestigious news sources regarding a super-fast catalyst that makes hydrogen. The research, conducted by the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis and directed by Bullock, was recently published in Science and has been garnering media interest. Bullock was interviewed on the BBC's Naked Scientist show. In addition, this research was featured in Chemical & Engineering News, Chemistry World, Green Car Congress, and other publications.


Justin Teeguarden in Forbes, Wall Street Journal

In articles in Forbes and the August 8 Wall Street Journal opinion page, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory toxicologist Dr. Justin Teeguarden was quoted and referenced about the toxicity of bisphenol-A (BPA), an organic compound used in plastics and resins. Teeguarden led a recently published toxicological study BPA that appeared in Toxicological Sciences. The American Council on Science and Health, SmartBrief, and the Plastics News covered the Forbes story.



Chuck Peden quoted in C&E News

In the August 1 issue of Chemical & Engineering News, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Chuck Peden is quoted in "Single Atoms Mediate Research." The article by Mitch Jacoby discusses a new wet-chemistry method that can be used to prepare catalysts with isolated platinum atoms on a metal oxide. Peden, Associate Director of the Institute for Integrated Catalysis, is quoted as an outside expert.



Chuck Peden Quoted in Innovations

In the current issue of Innovations magazine, Dr. Chuck Peden of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Institute for Integrated Catalysis is quoted extensively in an article titled "Catalysts—Humans and Otherwise." The article discusses catalysis capabilities and expertise at the Department of Energy's EMSL, a national scientific user facility.



Wendy Shaw Featured in DOE Blog

Dr. Wendy Shaw, at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was featured on the Department of Energy's Energy Blog. In the article, titled "10 Questions for Biophysical Chemist," Shaw discusses her catalysis and bio-mineralization research, the value of good communication skills, and why Ayla, in Jean Auel's prehistoric novels, is her favorite fictional scientist. Shaw works in the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, a DOE Energy Frontier Research Center.



Kerstin Kleese van Dam featured in HPC Source Article

PNNL's Kerstin Kleese van Dam was featured in the HPC Source article "Taming Big Data with Remote 3-D Viz." The article highlights PNNL's scientific data management work supporting the Laboratory's Chemical Imaging Initiative. Kleese van Dam manages the Scientific Data Management group in the Computational Sciences & Mathematics Division.



Greg Schenter Featured in DOE Blog

Dr. Greg Schenter, a chemical theorist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was featured on the Department of Energy's Energy Blog. In the article, titled "10 Questions for a Chemical Theorist," Schenter discusses how he came to his profession, his inspirations, his work, and why Doctor Who is his favorite fictional scientist. Schenter works in the Chemical and Materials Sciences Division at PNNL.


Greg Kimmel quoted in Science

Dr. Greg Kimmel, a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory physicist with extensive expertise in water's behavior, is quoted in the April 8 issue of Science. The quote appears in "Ice is predicted to be weirder still," a news focus on theoretical work into the formation of quasicrystalline ice, which lacks the repeatable patterns seen in ordinary crystals. Kimmel's opinions were sought on how to experimentally produce quasicrystalline ice.



Kerstin Kleese van Dam featured in DOE Pulse

A profile of PNNL's Kerstin Kleese van Dam was featured in the March 21 issue of DOE Pulse. In the article "PNNL's Kleese van Dam makes sense of the data landscape" she discusses PNNL's scientific data management research and the Laboratory's new Chemical Imaging Initiative. Kleese van Dam manages the Scientific Data Management group in the Computational Sciences & Mathematics Division.



Bruce Garrett quoted in Chemical & Engineering News

In "Turning the Corner," an article about the job market for chemists in the western United States, Dr. Bruce Garrett, Director of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Chemical & Materials Sciences Division, is quoted several times. Garrett discusses the need for chemists to take on the challenges to move the nation away from fossil fuels. The article appears in the March 21, 2011, issue of Chemical & Engineering News.



Karin Rodland featured in BioTechniques

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fellow Dr. Karin Rodland was featured in an article in the February 4 issue of BioTechniques. "Winning a grant in 12 pages or less" gives advice to researchers advice on applying for National Institutes of Health grants. Rodland is PNNL's Department of Health and Human Services Sector Manager.



Bruce Garrett's research highlighted in Chemical & Engineering News

Research by a team of scientists including Dr. Bruce Garrett, a Royal Society of Chemistry Fellow and theoretical chemist, was highlighted in the January 31, 2011, issue of Chemical & Engineering News. The one-paragraph concentrate discusses a study, published in Science, that uses muons to create light and heavy hydrogen mimics, elucidating the kinetic isotope effect.


2010

Scott Chambers interviewed in Nature Materials

Dr. Scott Chambers, a AAAS Fellow and a epitaxial oxide films expert at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was extensively interviewed for an article titled "Is it really intrinsic ferromagnetism?" The article appeared in the December 2010 focus issue of Nature Materials.



Jim Amonette quoted in Biomass on biochar

Jim Amonette was quoted in two articles in Biomass. In "Beyond the Hype," Amonette discussed sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. In "A New Climate Change Mitigation Tool," he was about the International Biochar Initiative's examination of the fine-grained, highly porous charcoal.



Bill Morgan quoted in the LA Times on medical screening radiation exposure risks

Dr. Bill Morgan, Director of Radiation Biology and Biophysics at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, was interviewed by the LA Times in an article that appeared October 11. See "Benefits of diagnostic radiation outweigh the dangers."



Paul Runci on renewable energy in The Wall Street Journal

Dr. Paul Runci, Senior Scientist at Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI), was quoted in a special section on Germany in The Wall Street Journal online news. The article focused on renewable energy as an economic growth driver for Germany, which is a familiar topic in Runci's research. JGCRI is a unique partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland.



Justin Teeguarden on nanoparticles in Nature News

Justin Teeguarden, Biological Monitoring & Modeling, was quoted in Nature News, the online news section of Nature magazine. He was interviewed for an article on nanoparticle use in drug delivery.



Jim Amonette on biochar in the New York Times

Jim Amonette's research on biochar was published in the New York Times on September 7, 2010. The article is titled "Once-Lowly Charcoal Emerges as 'Major Tool' for Curbing Carbon."

Jim Amonette on biochar in the Tri-City Herald

Jim Amonette's research on biochar was published in an article on August 16, 2010, in his hometown newspaper, the Tri-City Herald.



Critics question carbon storage study

USA Today referenced a PNNL study from the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) that highlighted "deeply flawed assumptions" in an article published in the 27 June 2010 issue of Nature Geosciences. The JGCRI study explained how the article overstated the impacts associated with society using carbon dioxide capture and storage.


Liem Dang's water research discussed in C&E News

Theoretical research by Dr. Liem Dang was mentioned in an article on water chemistry in the July 12, 2010, issue of Chemical & Engineering News. Dang's computational simulations show that hydroxide ions move toward the surface of water.



Dick Kouzes discusses helium-3 shortage in Physics Today

Dr. Richard T. Kouzes, a Laboratory Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory working in the areas of neutrino science, homeland security, non-proliferation, and computational applications, was cited in "DOE begins rationing helium-3" in Physics Today, June 2010.



Rick Zangar discusses novel biomarker detection technology in Nature Biotechnology

Dr. Rick Zangar, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was interviewed about the potential impact of a novel technology described in a Nature Biotechnology article. The technology platform dealt with a single-molecule ELISA for detection of low-abundance biomarkers. The article was published by The Science-Business eXchange, a translational science weekly that is produced in part by the Nature Publishing Group.



Dick Smith quoted about spinal fluid protein studies

Multiple news outlets mentioned Battelle Fellow Dr. Richard Smith in a story about unique proteins found in spinal fluid in collaboration with the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. The story appeared on Medical News Today, News-Medical Net, Med-India, and Newswise.



Chenghong Lei, Jun Liu interviewed about anti-cancer drugs in silica

Drs. Chenghong Lei and Jun Liu, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, were quoted in a feature on UPI.com’s Science News May 25. The article describes their study to package anti-cancer drugs in chemically modified silica particles.

Research Highlight: Silica Cages Help Anti-Cancer Antibodies Kill Tumors in Mice



Chuck Peden quoted in USA Today on catalysts

Dr. Chuck Peden was quoted as an outside expert in a story on a new catalytic converter material that was published in Science.



Brian Thrall talks about assessing the hazards of nanoparticles with C&E News

In the March 29 issue of Chemical and Engineering News, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Brian Thrall discussed the toxicity of particles that are measured on the nanometer scale. He discusses the value of a systems-level approach to identify and, better, predict the hazards of different nanomaterials.



Jiwen Fan's cloud research reaches Australia

Jiwen Fan's research on storm clouds continues to get international attention. Read about her work in Cosmos, Australia's #1 science media brand.



Karin Rodland and Steve Wiley on NIH grant application changes

Laboratory Fellows Karin Rodland and Steven Wiley were quoted in the article "NIH reviewers praise new rules," published in February's The Scientist. Rodland, who manages the National Institutes of Health business sector at PNNL, and Wiley, chief biologist at EMSL, commented on the NIH's recent change to shortened grant applications.


Richard Moss talks to Nature

In a Feb.11 interview with Nature, PNNL's Richard Moss discussed his recent Nature article "Climate research: the next generation" and his thoughts on the IPCC.



Steve Ghan and Chuck Long discuss weather vs. climate

Photo: Weather Chart

In a Feb. 15 interview with KNDU, Steve Ghan and Chuck Long discuss weather vs. climate, addressing questions regarding how record snowfall back East does not relate to global warming.



Dick Smith on Immune Responses to Flu Viruses

Dick Smith was interviewed for the article "The Pandemic Puzzle," to be published in the NCRR Reporter, the quarterly magazine of the National Institutes of Health's National Center for Research Resources. He and University of Washington collaborator Michael Katze are investigating immune responses to the H1N1 ("swine flu") and H5N1 ("bird flu) viruses.



Phil Rasch testifies on climate change geoengineering

Phil Rasch
Dr. Phil Rasch (second from left)

Dr. Phil Rasch gave testimony on climate change geoengineering to the U.S. House of Representative Committee on Science and Technology in Washington, D.C. on February 4, 2010. He spoke to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment during a hearing entitled, "Geoengineering II: The Scientific Basis and Engineering Challenges." View the printed testimony or hear a webcast of the testimony by from Rasch and the other panelists.


Dan DuBois on catalysts

MIT's Technology Review quoted Dan DuBois regarding a recent study done in the Netherlands showing that a cooper-based catalyst could be used in a process to convert carbon dioxide into household chemicals. The article appears in the January 15, 2010 issue.



Jiwen Fan shares climate research in Chinese

Jiwen Fan

Jiwen Fan shared her current research concerning aerosol effects on cloud processes in Mandarin (English translation shown below the clip) at EurekAlert!, an online, global news service operated by AAAS.

2009

Phil Rasch on the need for climate action

As the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen gets under way, The Oregonian featured PNNL's Dr. Phil Rasch on the continuing need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to address rising temperatures. The December 7, 2009 article: "In Climategate's wake, key Northwest scientist Rasch keeps looking skyward."



Jae Edmonds on the economics of carbon caps

The November 24, 2009 issue of USA Today quoted PNNL's Dr. Jae Edmonds in a story leading up to the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in December. The story was about how carbon emission cuts to combat global warming will have an economic impact.



Tony Janetos on the new biology

On YouTube, a National Research Council video features PNNL's Dr. Tony Janetos as one of four experts explaining the significance of a "new biology."

Research Highlight: Not Your Father's Biology



Jim Dooley on energy investments

MIT's Technology Review featured data from Jim Dooley on long-term trends in U.S. venture capital support for energy technologies. The article, "Venture Capitalists Struggle with Renewables," appeared in the September/October 2009 edition.



Chuck Peden, Janos Szanyi, and Ja Hun Kwak on catalysis

Molecular

Scientists Ja Hun Kwak, Chuck Peden, and Janos Szanyi were mentioned in a Chemical & Engineering News story about Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's research published in Science showing that a common catalyst forms platinum rafts.



Hugh Pitcher on carbon emissions

Dr. Hugh Pitcher
Dr. Hugh Pitcher

USA Today, in its September 22, 2009 issue, quoted PNNL scientist Dr. Hugh Pitcher in the story about the UN Climate Summit, "Deal on climate change is elusive". Pitcher discussed the need to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to keep the earth's temperature from rising more than 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit. The story also included a graphic from the Joint Global Change Research Institute on potential carbon dioxide emission levels through 2060.



James Cowin on the iSniff and Childhood Disease in
Scientific American

James Cowin
James Cowin

Dr. James Cowin is quoted in the Scientific American on a personal air monitor used to gather data for a long-term study on black carbon soot and childhood asthma.



Jim Amonette on biochar in The Economist

The Economist interviewed PNNL scientist Dr. Jim Amonette on using biochar to remove the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it.



Yun Qian on how air pollution is altering rainfall patterns in China

Numerous news outlets worldwide covered research led by PNNL's Dr. Yun Qian on how pollution is suppressing light rain in China. Decreased rainfall is contributing to economically devastating drought and agricultural production in parts of China. Stories appeared in The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Nature (including quotes from PNNL's Connor Flynn), New Tang Dynasty Television, China Daily and Peoples' Daily Online, and many other outlets.



Jim Dooley on capturing carbon emissions

The Washington Post worked with PNNL scientist Jim Dooley on a detailed graphic about carbon dioxide capture and storage for a story on August 11, 2009. Dooley was among those credited for the graphic in the hard copy of the article, "Coal's Future Wagered on Carbon Capture."



Jim Dooley on the economics of energy R&D

The July 27, 2009 cover story of Chemical & Engineering News quotes PNNL scientist Jim Dooley in the article, "Building a Sustainable Economy." Dooley spoke about trends in energy-related R&D funding over the years. The article also refers to a research report of Dooley's: "U.S. Federal Investments in Energy R&D: 1961-2008."



Tony Janetos testifies on climate impacts in vulnerable regions

Photo: Tony Janetos
Tony Janetos

On July 23, 2009, Dr. Tony Janetos gave Congressional testimony about how vulnerable regions can use adaptation strategies to cope with current and future climate changes - such as those that affect crops, energy, transportation, and health. He testified before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment. For more information, see the PNNL news release and Hearing agenda.


Jim Amonette on Biochar

Photo: Jim Amonettee

Dr. Jim Amonette will speak at the first major US biochar conference, which will be held in Boulder, Colo. in August.



Jae Edmonds on Technology to Avert Climate Change

Photo: Jae Edmonds

Dr. Jae Edmonds was quoted in a June 17, 2009 New Republic story about whether we need a technological breakthrough to avert the climate crisis. Edmonds said both technology investment and policies to curb emissions are required.
More Information . . .



Lynne Roeder blogs about an aircraft field campaign

Photo: Lynne Roeder
Lynne Roeder

The Discovery Channel asked PNNL's Lynne Roeder, Public Information Officer for the U.S. Department of Energy's ARM Climate Research Facility, to blog about a climate science field campaign in Oklahoma in June 2009.



Tony Janetos on climate effects

Photo: Tony Janetos
Tony Janetos

Numerous media sources, including The New York Times, AP, and the Washington Post covered a comprehensive new climate assessment that included PNNL's Dr. Tony Janetos as an author. "Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States," a Congressionally mandated report of the U.S. Global Change Research Program, was released June 16, 2009. Janetos wrote the section on climate effects on U.S. ecosystems.



PNNL climate scientists on the soot-snow-climate connection

The New York Times ran a story on May 14, 2009 about how water shortages might create a 21st century Dust Bowl. The story referenced "groundbreaking" research from PNNL on how soot causes snowpack to melt early. More on the research.


Blaine Metting on carbon capture

Blaine Metting, Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate, was mentioned in the April issue of Earth magazine, p. 39, in the article, "Capturing Carbon from Coal Plants." "Using proven land management methods, scientists could engineer soils to store more carbon that they would under normal circumstances," according to Blaine Metting of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash., and colleagues. Changing agricultural practices could also make a difference to how much carbon the soils could hold."



Dick Smith on managing a large lab

Dr. Richard Smith, Battelle Fellow and Director of Proteomics Research at PNNL, was interviewed for a feature "A Big Team for a Little Lab" in the March Genome Technology. The article describes how Smith runs his large, successful, renowned proteomics technology lab within DOE's Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory located at PNNL.

Jim Fredrickson, Alex Beliaev, Dick Smith in The Scientist

Laboratory Fellow Jim Fredrickson, microbiologist Alex Beliaev, and Battelle Fellow Dick Smith were quoted extensively in the March issue of The Scientist in the cover story "All Systems Go." The article covers the systems biology of microorganisms.


Tony Janetos on science and public policy

A 9-minute podcast hosted by the Ecological Society of America features Dr. Tony Janetos on how climate change science informs public policy, in "The Ecologist Goes to Washington: Communicating Climate Change."



Sotiris Xantheas on computational chemistry

Dr. Sotiris Xantheas wrote a "News and Views" article for Nature, February 2009, on computer simulations that provided insight into the dynamics of the Zundel cation, H5O2+, and its deuterated analogs.



Jim Dooley on the economics of slowing global warming

In a story on February 11, 2009, The Christian Science Monitor quoted researcher Jim Dooley on the concept of dumping leftover corn stalks in the ocean to slow global warming. Dooley said economic research shows that crop residue may have a higher societal value in other uses. Dooley is with the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a collaboration of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland.



William Gustafson on soot pollution

Photo: Bill Gustafson
Bill Gustafson

An article in the January 22, 2009 issue of Land Letter quoted Dr. William Gustafson on how soot pollution from vehicles and coal plants is making mountain snowpacks melt earlier, affecting water supplies.



Steve Ghan on climate change

Photo: Steve Ghan
Steve Ghan

Dr. Steve Ghan spoke about a broad range of climate change issues in the Internet radio program "Eco-man and the Skeptic," in January 2009.



Jae Edmonds on reducing carbon emissions

Photo: Jae Edmonds
Jae Edmonds

Science Magazine quoted Dr. James Edmonds about the costs of implementing strategies to reduce carbon emissions. Edmonds spoke as part of the Congressional Research and Development Caucus on November 20, 2008 in Washington DC.



Jim Dooley on carbon dioxide capture and storage

Photo: Jim Dooley
Jim Dooley

Jim Dooley's research on carbon dioxide capture and storage was cited in a Technology Review blog on January 7, 2009. Energy innovation writer Peter Fairley opined on "dispelling carbon captures' scaling myth."
More Information ...

2008

Steve Ghan on geoengineering

Photo: Steve Ghan
Steve Ghan

Dr. Steve Ghan was interviewed for a United Kingdom news publication, "The Independent," in January 2009 in a story on geoengineering. Ghan argues that any geoengineering solution should focus strictly on removing carbon dioxide. "Any other solution is bound to introduce changes in the distribution of radiative heating that would change the climate in undesirable and perhaps unexpected ways," he says.



Phil Rasch on geoengineering

Photo: Philip Rasch
Phil Rasch

Dr. Philip Rasch was quoted in the October 2008 issue of Scientific American in a story about geoengineering. Geoengineering means taking actions to slow or reverse global warming, such as shading the earth from the sun. Weather Underground, a scientist's blog, described Rasch's recent talk on cloud "seeding" with sea salt, using wind-powered ships known as Fletter vessels.



Ruby Leung on abrupt climate change

Photo: Ruby Leung
Ruby Leung

Dr. Ruby Leung was quoted in the January 1, 2009 issue of Popular Science in an article about the U.S. Department of Energy's IMPACTS project. The article, "The Other Big Meltdown," describes the quest to assess how abrupt climate change could be triggered as global warming shifts into high gear.



Justin Teeguarden on nanotechnology risk research strategy

Justin Teeguarden
Justin Teeguarden

PNNL senior scientist Dr. Justin Teeguarden is one of the authors of a National Research Council report "Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials." The report, released December 10, received widespread attention because it finds serious weaknesses in the government's plan for research to determine health and environmental risks posed by nanomaterials, which are increasingly being used in consumer goods and industry. The committee outlines what is necessary to frame a successful national strategy. View the National Academies press release and the full report.


Stephen Elbert on energy-efficient data centers

Stephen Elbert
Steven Elbert

The Channel Register, a major online computer trade news publication, quoted PNNL's Dr. Stephen Elbert about the ability of data centers to provide power and cooling for more efficient operation of supercomputers. Power and cooling are significant limitations on scalability for supercomputers. Data centers are currently inefficient.

Elbert, in a presentation he gave at the Supercomputing Conference (SC08), explained that there are plenty of data centers burning 60 to 70 megawatts and a few have already broken through the 100 megawatts barrier. "Beyond that, you have to be your own power company," he said. Elbert, a senior research scientist on the Energy Smart Data Center Project at PNNL, is working with colleagues and collaborators to design computing centers that are more energy efficient.


PNNL scientists front and center in U.S./China energy efficiency agreement

The work of PNNL's Shui Bin and Meredydd Evans in building energy code enforcement in China was the cornerstone of a memorandum of understanding between PNNL and the U.S. State Department announced on December 3, 2008. The two scientists from the Joint Global Change Research Institute will develop an action plan for building energy code enforcement that can be deployed in small and medium-sized cities across China, where half of the world's new construction will occur in the next 10 years. Media coverage of the announcement and associated funding appeared internationally.

For more information, see the PNNL news release.


Zachara and Konopka on Hanford groundwater monitoring wells

The November 1 issue of the American Nuclear Society's Nuclear News quoted Drs. John Zachara and Allan Konopka in an article about the 35 monitoring wells installed this summer in the Hanford Site's 300 Area. These wells are part of an Integrated Field Research Challenge project for the U.S. Department of Energy to help characterize uranium contamination in groundwater.


PNNL Researchers Earned Top Honors at SuperComputing Conference

Congratulations to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Scott Dowson, Justin Almquist, Chris Oehmen, Lee Ann McCue, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, and Jason McDermott for winning this year's SuperComputing (SC08) HPC Analytics Challenge! The Analytics Challenge encourages innovative and sophisticated analysis and visualization techniques in a meaningful application that supports the discovery of knowledge. ...More


Moe Khaleel on computing architectures

Moe Khaleel spoke about computing for accelerating the energy technology development cycle at the Science & Technology Discovery Series on November 11 in Seattle. The series was hosted by the Technology Alliance. The alliance is a statewide organization composed of leaders from Washington state's diverse high-tech businesses and research institutions dedicated to the region's economic success. The talk is titled, "Beyond the Desktop: The role of computational architectures in accelerating discovery."



Fred Brockman on bacterium discovery

The South African and German press quoted Dr. Fred Brockman in several articles on the discovery of the first ecosystem ever found having only a single biological species. Brockman was part of a team led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory that discovered Desulforudis audaxviator in a South African gold mine. Their results were published in the October 10 issue of Science.



Tony Janetos on global change policy

In the American Chemical Society publication Environmental Science & Technology, Dr. Anthony Janetos was quoted about the significance of climate change action plans that various science groups have proposed to the presidential transition team. Janetos directs the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership of PNNL and the University of Maryland.



Liz Malone on the energy and environmental security ecosystem

The Canadian Press quoted Dr. Elizabeth Malone of the Joint Global Change Research Institute in a story about the new Energy and Environmental Security Ecosystem, designed to share intelligence about threats to energy and environmental security. The story played in multiple Canadian media outlets, including The Record and the Metro News.



Ruby Leung on abrupt climate change

The work of Dr. Ruby Leung, a world expert in regional climate modeling, is mentioned in Terra Daily in a feature story on DOE's new program on abrupt climate change. The program brings together six national laboratories to reveal new insights about the causes and effects of rapid and devastating climate change.



Jim Dooley on carbon dioxide capture and storage

Jim Dooley was among the panelists speaking about carbon dioxide capture and storage in a roundtable hosted by Energy Policy TV in July 2008. The televised panel discussion, "Carbon Sequestration: Promise and Reality," focused on the technical and commercial state of carbon dioxide capture and storage, or CCS, and its deployment. Dooley is a widely recognized expert on CCS issues, including serving on the editorial board for the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, the first peer-reviewed journal to focus on CCS technologies.


Chuck Peden on catalysis

The Interim Director of PNNL's Institute for Integrated Catalysis was quoted in Chemical and Engineering News on the work done to enhance catalysts. The research was done by the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics in China.


Tom Autrey and hydrogen storage

In July 2008, Chemical Science ran an article on hydrogen storage materials, quoting PNNL's Tom Autrey on ammonia borane as one of three sources.


Blaine Metting on producing algae for fuel

Dr. Blaine Metting was quoted in the June 30, 2008 Wall Street Journal article "Scum Power," which discussed the status of turning algae into fuel. Metting is Chair of the International Energy Agency International Network on Biofixation of CO2 and Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Microalgae. Network members collaborate on laboratory and demonstration projects with microalgae aimed at overcoming the biological and engineering challenges associated with truly large-scale production of algal biomass. Past and current projects at PNNL have been supported by DOE-Fossil Energy and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research's Genomics: GTL program.


Tony Janetos on climate change impacts

Dr. Tony Janetos gave testimony on climate change impacts to the U.S. House of Representative Committee on Energy and Commerce in Washington, D.C. on June 26, 2008. He spoke to the Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality on the subject, "Climate Change: Costs of Inaction," drawing from a recent national assessment that he and others led. Janetos directs the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland. View a webcast or a PDF of the printed testimony from Janetos and the other panelists.


Lai-Sheng Wang on golden superatoms

Research by Dr. Lai-Sheng Wang, a physical chemist at Washington State University and PNNL, and his collaborators on gold buckyballs, a form of superatoms, were featured in Science News on June 6, 2008.


Tony Janetos and Cesar Izaurralde on climate change—
U.S. ecosystems

In May 2008, Dr. Tony Janetos spoke at Congressional briefings and was widely quoted in national and regional media about a new national report on the impacts of climate change on US ecosystems. Janetos was a convening lead author for the report, to which Dr. Cesar Izaurralde, and Allison Thomson also contributed. The report found climate change is already affecting agriculture, water resources, biodiversity, and forests in the US. Among the media sources that interviewed or quoted Janetos were the PBS TV show Lehrer Newshour, The Washington Post, The Chicago Tribune, National Public Radio, Science News, and New Scientist. Izaurralde did interviews in Spanish-language media such as Univision Radio in San Francisco.


James Cowin on chemical transformations in ice

Research by Dr. James Cowin and his team from PNNL and Pennsylvania State University on the pyroelectricity of ice was featured as a brief in the May 1, 2008, issue of Nature. Unlocking the molecular mechanisms responsible for ice generating a voltage in response to changing temperatures provides further insights into the universal solvent: water.


Jae Edmonds on climate stabilization

Jae Edmonds spoke about the science behind carbon mitigation options on April 22, 2008 as part of an invited speaker series hosted by the Princeton Environmental Institute. The talk, "Emissions Mitigation and Climate Stabilization: Inside the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Science, Policy, and Politics," is available on YouTube and as a podcast on iTunes.


Dan Cziczo on cloud bacteria and weather

Dr. Dan Cziczo, an expert in cloud microphysics, was quoted in a story on atmospheric science and climate in the April 18, 2008, issue of Chemical & Engineering News. The story, "Bacteria in the Clouds," describes how airborne microbes might influence weather.


Jim Dooley on carbon capture and storage

Jim Dooley testified for the U.S. Senate Energy and Natural Resources Advisory committee in a March 31, 2008, briefing on Making Carbon Capture & Sequestration Work: Economics and Critical Issues. See his presentation on issues associated with large-scale deployment of carbon capture and sequestration. Dooley, an expert on carbon-capture issues, was one of 17 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory staff who contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore.

2007

Doug Ray on catalysis

Doug Ray and two University of California colleagues wrote an opinion piece for The Seattle Times (September 17, 2007) about the importance of catalysis breakthroughs in delivering the next generation of energy and climate solutions.

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