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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Jian Lu

Earth Systems Analysis & Modeling
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-30
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Jian Lu specializes in the area of climate dynamics, which is about the inner working of the atmosphere-ocean-land-cryosphere interactions in shaping the spatio-temporal structures in the climate system. The recent research of Dr. Lu has been focused on the dynamical aspects of the climate change, such as how the atmospheric circulations, sea surface temperature and ocean circulation, the major climate variability modes, and the global hydrological cycle are going to respond to the change of the atmospheric composition. His main methodology is putting the question in a hierarchy of numerical models with decreasing complexity so as to unravel the key processes that lead to and essential elements that control the phenomena observed in the real climate or the fully-blown models. At PNNL, Dr. Lu strives to understand how the large-scale circulation changes might modulate the distribution of climate and weather extremes and how to build confidence in the representation of the extremes by the not-yet-perfect climate models.

Before joining PNNL, Dr. Jian Lu was an assistant professor in climate dynamics at George Mason University and a research scientist at COLA. Prior to that, he was an ASP postdoctoral fellow at NCAR and a VSP fellow at GFDL/NOAA.

Research Interests

  • Hadley Cell Dynamics
  • Circulation and Global Warming
  • Eddy-Mean Flow Interaction
  • Air-Sea Interaction
  • Dynamics of Extremes

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D, Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, 2003
  • Ph.D, Physical Oceanography, Ocean University of China, 1999
  • B.Sc., Meteorology, Ocean University of China, 1992

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Meteorological Society

PNNL Publications


  • Gao Y, J Lu, LYR Leung, Q Yang, SM Hagos, and Y Qian. 2015. "Dynamical and thermodynamical modulations of future changes in landfalling atmospheric rivers over North America." Geophysical Research Letters 42(17):7179-7186.  doi:10.1002/2015GL065435
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, J Lu, and G Masato. 2015. "Persistent Cold Air Outbreaks over North America in a Warming Climate." Environmental Research Letters 10(4):Article No. 044001.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/4/044001
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, Q Yang, C Zhao, and J Lu. 2015. "Resolution and Dynamical Core Dependence of Atmospheric River Frequency in Global Model Simulations." Journal of Climate 28(7):2764-2776.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00567.1
  • Lu J, and GA Vecchi. 2015. "TROPICAL METEOROLOGY & Climate: Hadley Circulation." In Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences. 2nd ed., ed. J Pyle and F Zhang, pp. 113-120  Elsevier Ltd., Waltham, MA. 
  • Lu J, G Chen, LYR Leung, DA Burrows, Q Yang, K Sakaguchi, and SM Hagos. 2015. "Toward the Dynamical Convergence on the Jet Stream in Aquaplanet AGCMs." Journal of Climate 28(17):6763-6782.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00761.1
  • Sakaguchi K, LYR Leung, C Zhao, Q Yang, J Lu, SM Hagos, S Rauscher, L Dong, T Ringler, and PH Lauritzen. 2015. "Exploring a Multi-resolution Approach Using AMIP Simulations." Journal of Climate 28(14):5549-5574.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00729.1


  • Choi J, SW Son, J Lu, and SK Min. 2014. "Further Observational Evidence of Hadley Cell Widening in the Southern Hemisphere." Geophysical Research Letters 41(7):2590-2597.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059426
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, J Lu, Y Liu, M Huang, and Y Qian. 2014. "Robust Spring Drying in the Southwestern U.S. and Seasonal Migration of Wet/Dry Patterns in a Warmer Climate ." Geophysical Research Letters 41:1745-1751.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059562
  • Lu J, L Sun, Y Wu, and G Chen. 2014. "The Role of Subtropical Irreversible PV Mixing in the Zonal Mean Circulation Response to Global Warming-like Thermal Forcing." Journal of Climate 27(6):2297-2316.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00372.1
  • Lu J, LYR Leung, Q Yang, G Chen, WD Collins, F Li, Z Hou, and X Feng. 2014. "The Robust Dynamical Contribution to Precipitation Extremes in Idealized Warming Simulations across Model Resolutions." Geophysical Research Letters 41(8):2971-2978.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059532
  • Lu J. 2014. "Climate Science: Tropical Expansion by Ocean Swing." Nature Geoscience 7(4):250-251.  doi:10.1038/ngeo2124
  • Staten P, T Reichler, and J Lu. 2014. "The Transient Circulation Response to Radiative Forcings and Sea Surface Warming." Journal of Climate 27(24):9323-9336.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00035.1

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