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Richard Moss

Richard Moss

Terrestrial Proc & Adaptation


Richard H. Moss is a senior scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI). His previous professional positions include serving as Director of the Office of the US Global Change Research Program (2000-06) and Head of the technical support unit of one of IPCC's working groups (1993-99). During a business leave of absence in 2006-2009, he served as Vice President/Managing Director for Climate Change at the U.S. World Wildlife Fund and Senior Director for Energy and Climate at the U.N. Foundation. He chairs the US National Academy of Science Board on Environmental Change and Society and serves in several capacities for the US National Climate Assessment and the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. He is a DOE “distinguished associate” and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received a Ph.D. in public policy from Princeton University and a B.A. from Carleton College.

Richard H. Moss: Joint Global Change Research Institute Publications.

Research Interests

  • Development and application of scenarios in climate change research
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation
  • Characterization and communication of uncertainty

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (1987)
  • M.P.A., Princeton University (1983)
  • B.A., Carleton College (1977)

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Chair, National Academy of Sciences, Board on Environmental Change and Society (2009-present)
  • Climatic Change Editorial Board (1999-present)
  • Annual Review of Energy and the Environment Editorial Board (1994-1999)

Awards and Recognitions

  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (2007)
  • Distinguished Associate, U.S. Department of Energy, “In recognition of outstanding leadership in climate and global change research” (2004)
  • Aldo Leopold Fellow (2001)
  • International Affairs Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations (NY) (1991-1993)

PNNL Publications


  • Kraucunas IP, LE Clarke, JA Dirks, JE Hathaway, MI Hejazi, KA Hibbard, M Huang, C Jin, MCW Kintner-Meyer, K Kleese van Dam, LYR Leung, H Li, RH Moss, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, MJ Scott, AM Thomson, N Voisin, and TO West. 2015. "Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)." Climatic Change 129(3-4):573-588.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1064-9


  • Engle NL, A de Bremond, EL Malone, and RH Moss. 2014. "Towards a resilience indicator framework for making climate-change adaptation decisions." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 19(8):1295-1312.  doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9475-x
  • Hejazi MI, JA Edmonds, LE Clarke, GP Kyle, E Davies, V Chaturvedi, MA Wise, PL Patel, J Eom, KV Calvin, RH Moss, and SH Kim. 2014. "LONG-TERM GLOBAL WATER USE PROJECTIONS USING SIX SOCIOECONOMIC SCENARIOS IN AN INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODELING FRAMEWORK." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81:205-226.  doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2013.05.006
  • Meehl J, RH Moss, KE Taylor, V Eyring, RJ Stouffer, S Bony, and B Stevens. 2014. "Climate Model Intercomparisons: Preparing for the Next Phase." Eos 95(9):77-78.  doi:10.1002/2014EO090001
  • Scott MJ, DS Daly, JE Hathaway, CS Lansing, Y Liu, HC McJeon, RH Moss, PL Patel, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, and Y Zhou. 2014. Calculating Impacts of Energy Standards on Energy Demand in U.S. Buildings under Uncertainty with an Integrated Assessment Model: Technical Background DataPNNL-23918, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Weaver CP, S Mooney, D Allen, N Beller-Simms, T Fish, A Grambsch, W Hohenstein, K Jacobs, MA Kenney, MA Lane, L Langner, E Larson, DL McGinnis, RH Moss, LG Nichols, C Nierenberg, EA Seyller, P Stern, and R Winthrop. 2014. "From global change science to action with social sciences." Nature Climate Change 4(8):656-659.  doi:10.1038/nclimate2319


  • West TO, ME Brown, RM Duran, S Ogle, and RH Moss. 2013. "Definition, Capabilities, and Components of a Terrestrial Carbon Monitoring System." Carbon Management 4(4):413-422.  doi:10.4155/CMT.13.36
  • Eom J, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JJ Dooley, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, PL Patel, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., ed. RG Watts, pp. 81-138  CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Moss RH, G Meehl, MC Lemos, JB Smith, JR Arnold, JC Arnott, D Behar, GP Brasseur, SB Broomell, A Busalacchi, S Dessai, KL Ebi, JA Edmonds, J Furlow, L Goddard, H Hartmann, J Hurrell, JW Katzenberger, DM Liverman, P Mote, SC Moser, A Kumar, R Pulwarty, EA Seyller, BL Turner, WM Washington, and T Wilbanks. 2013. "Hell and High Water: Practice-Relevant Adaptation Science." Science 342(6159):696-698 .  doi:10.1126/science.1239569


  • Moss RH, and MA Lane. 2012. "Decisionmaking, Transitions, and Resilient Futures." Issues in Science and Technology 28(4):31-34. 
  • Rice JS, RH Moss, PJ Runci, KL Anderson, and EL Malone. 2012. "Incorporating Stakeholder Decision Support Needs into an Integrated Regional Earth System Model ." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 17(7):805-819.  doi:10.1007/s11027-011-9345-3
  • Eom J, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, P Luckow, RH Moss, PL Patel, and MA Wise. 2012. "Exploring the Future Role of Asia Utilizing A Scenario Matrix Architecture and Shared Socio-Ecosystem Pathways." Energy Economics 34(Supplement 3):S325-S338.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2012.03.012
  • Kriegler E, B O'Neill, S Hallegatte, T Kram, R Lempert, RH Moss, and T Wilbanks. 2012. "The need for and use of socio-economic scenarios for climate change analysis: A new approach based on shared socio-economic pathways." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 22(4):807-822.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.05.005
  • Rosa E, T Dietz, RH Moss, S Atran, and S Moser. 2012. "Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism." Solutions: For a Sustainable and Desirable Future 3(2):59-65. 
  • Rosa E, T Dietz, RH Moss, S Atran, and S Moser. 2012. "Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism." Solutions: For a Sustainable and Desirable Future 3(2):59-65. 
  • Van Vuuren D, K Riahi, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, AM Thomson, N Nakicenovic, T Kram, F Berkhout, R Swart, AC Janetos, SK Rose, and N Arnell. 2012. "A proposal for a new scenario framework to support research and assessment in different climate research communities." Global Environmental Change. Part A, Human and Policy Dimensions 22(1):21-35.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.08.002



  • Manning M, JA Edmonds, S Emori, A Grubler, KA Hibbard, F Joos, M Kainuma, R Keeling, T Kram, A Manning, M Meinhausen, RH Moss, N Nakicenovic, K Riahi, SK Rose, SJ Smith, R Swart, and D Van Vuuren. 2010. "Misrepresentation of the IPCC CO2 emission scenarios ." Nature Geoscience 3(6):376-377. 
  • Moss RH, JA Edmonds, K Hibbard, M Manning, SK Rose, D Van Vuuren, T Carter, S Emori, M Kainuma, T Kram, G Meehl, J Mitchell, N Nakicenovic, K Riahi, SJ Smith, R Stouffer, AM Thomson, J Weyant, and T Wilbanks. 2010. "The Next Generation of Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment." Nature 463(7282):747-756.  doi:10.1038/nature08823
  • Rice JS, PJ Runci, RH Moss, and KL Anderson. 2010. iRESM INITIATIVE UNDERSTANDING DECISION SUPPORT NEEDS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION --US Midwest Region- PNNL-20104, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Moss RH, M Babiker, S Brinkman, E Calvo, T Carter, JA Edmonds, I Elgizouli, S Emori, E Lin, K Hibbard, R Jones, M Kainuma, J Kelleher, JF Lamarque, M Manning, B Matthews, J Meehl, L Meyer, J Mitchell, N Nakicenovic, B O'Neill, R Pichs, K Riahi, S Rose, PJ Runci, R Stouffer, D VanVuuren, J Weyant, T Wilbanks, JP van Ypersele, and M Zurek. 2008. "Towards New Scenarios for Analysis of Emissions, Climate Change, Impacts, and Response Strategies." In IPCC Expert Meeting Report: Towards New Scenarios, p. 132.  Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland. 

Selected Publications





  • Marengo JA, K Averyt, B Hewitson, N Leary, and RH Moss, Editors. 2009. Climate Research Special Issue: Integrating Analysis of Regional Climate Change and Response Options. Vol. 40, No. 2-3. Print ISSN: 0936-577X; Online ISSN: 1616-1572. CR SPECIAL 20 contains selected papers from a meeting of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis (TGICA), held in 2007 to catalyze interdisciplinary research on climate change, impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation.


  • Moss RH. 2007. "Improving Information for Managing an Uncertain Future Climate." Global Environmental Change 17(1):4-7. DOI:10.1016/j-gloenvcha.2006.12.002.

  • Bierbaum RM, JP Holdren, MC MacCracken, RH Moss, and PH Raven, Editors. 2007. Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable. Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change (SEG). Report prepared for the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, Sigma Xi Research, Triangle Park, North Carolina, and the United Nations Foundation, Washington, D.C.
  • Jochem E, Z Dadi, I Bashmakov, U Farinelli, MK Halpeth, N Jollands, T Kaiser, J Laitner, M Levine, F Moisan, HC Park, A Platonova-Oquab, R Schaeffer, J Sathaye, J Siegel, D Urge-Vorsatz,  E Usher, Y Wang, E Worrell, R. Moss, W Chandler, H Gwin, D Harwood, R Detchon, P Long, K Shickman, R Hobert, T Singh, J Gastellum, J Cass, N Davis, and L Freimuth. 2007. Realizing the Potential of Energy Efficiency: Targets, Policies, and Measures for G8 Countries. Expert Group on Energy Efficiency, United Nations Foundation Expert Report, Washington, D.C., 72 pp.  



  • Moss RH and SH Schneider. 2001. "Towards Consistent Assessment and Reporting of Uncertainties in the IPCC TAR." In: Cross-Cutting Issues in the IPCC Third Assessment Report, R Pachauri and T Taniguchi, Editors, Global Industrial and Social Progress Research Institute for Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Moss RH, AL Brenkert, and EL Malone. 2001. "Vulnerability to Climate Change:  A Quantitative Approach." PNNL-SA-33642, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington.
  • Watson RT, JA Dixon, SP Hamburg, AC Janetos, and RH Moss. 2001. Protecting Our Planet, Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs. United Nations Environment Programme, U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and The World Bank, Nairobi and Washington, D.C., 95 pp.
  • Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 2001. The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York, 517 pp.


  • Moss RH. 1998. "Water and the Challenge of Linked Environmental Changes." Water Resources Update (Universities Council on Water Resources) 112(1):6-9.


  • Schimel D, M Grubb, F Joos, R Kaufmann, RH Moss, W Ogana, R Richels, and T Wigley. 1997. Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-Economic Implications, JT Houghton, L Gylvan, M Filho, DJ Griggs, and K Maskell, Editors. Technical Paper No. 3, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 56 pp.


  • Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 1996. Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change. Technical Paper No. 1, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, 85 pp.


  • Watson RT, MC Zinyowera, and RH Moss, Editors. 1995. Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation (Scientific and Technical Analyses). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (United Kingdom) and New York, 880 pp.


  • Turner BL, RH Moss, and DL Skole. 1993. Relating Land Use and Global Land Cover Change. International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Williamson P and RH Moss. 1993. "Degrees of National Wealth." Nature 362: Art. No.782. DOI:10.1038/362782a0.

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