Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Publications Using WRF-Chem

photo collage depicting the types of particulates being modeled

* Supported by DOE's Atmospheric Science Program and its Predecessors

WRF-Chem Overview Publications

This is pending publishers request for email and word file.

  • Grell GA, SE Peckham, R Schmitz, and SA McKeen, G Frost, WC Skamarock, and B Eder. 2005. "Fully coupled 'online' chemistry within the WRF model." Atmos. Environ., 39:6957-6976.
    [primary reference for first version of WRF-Chem]
  • Grell GA, JD Fast, WI Gustafson Jr, SE Peckham, SA McKeen, M Salzmann, and S Freitas. 2010. Chapter title: "On-line Chemistry within WRF: Description and Evaluation of a State-of-the Art Multiscale Air Quality and Weather Prediction Model." In press. In: Integrated Systems of Meso-Meterological and chemical Transport Models.
  • *Fast JD, WI Gustafson Jr., RC Easter, RA Zaveri, JC Barnard, EG Chapman, and GA Grell. 2006. "Evolution of ozone, particulates, and aerosol direct forcing in an urban area using a new fully-coupled meteorology, chemistry, and aerosol model." J. Geophys. Res., 111:D21305, doi:10.1029/2005JD006721.
    [general description of PNNL process modules in WRF-Chem]
  • Barnard JC, JD Fast, GL Paredes-Miranda, PW Arnott, and A Laskin. 2009. "Technical Note: Evaluation of the WRD-Chem 'aerosol chemical to aerosol optical properties' module using data from the MILAGRO campaign." Atmos Chem. Phys., 10, 8927-8961 [description of aerosol optical property module]
  • *Chapman EG, WI Gustafson Jr, JC Barnard, SJ Ghan, MS Pekour, and JD Fast. 2009. "Coupling aerosol-cloud-radiative processes in the WRF-Chem model: Investigating the radiative impact of large point sources." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9:945-964.[description of cloud-aerosol interactions and feedbacks]
  • *Gustafson WI Jr, EG Chapman, SJ Ghan, and JD Fast. 2007. "Impact on modeled cloud characteristics due to simplified treatment of uniform cloud condensation nuclei during NEAQS 2004." J. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L19809.
    [description of cloud-aerosol interactions and feedbacks]

Publications Describing PNNL Modules

2012

  • Fast JD, WI Gustafson Jr, LK Berg, WJ Shaw, M Pekour, M Shrivastava, JC Barnard, RA Ferrare, CA Hostetler, JA Hair, M Erickson, BT Jobson, B Flowers, MK Dubey, S Springston, RB Pierce, L Dolislager, J Pederson, and RA Zaveri. 2012. "Transport and mixing patterns during the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1759-1783.
    [tracer study to examine transport pathways of anthropogenic emissions]
  • Matsui H, M Koike, Y Kondo, N Moteki, JD Fast, and RA Zaveri., 2012. "Development and validation of a black carbon mixing state resolved three-dimensional model: Aging processes and radiative impact." Submitted to J. Geophys.Res.  [treatment of black carbon mixing state in MOSAIC]
  • Ochoa C, D Baumgardner, M Grutter, J Allan, JD Fast, and B Rappenglueck. 2012. "Physical and Chemical Properties of the regional mixed layer of Mexico's Megapolis - Part 2: Evaluation of measured and modeled trace gases and particle size distributions." Atmos. Chem. Phys., Discuss., 12(4), 9813-9856, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-9813-2012.
    [Evaluation of simulated chemistry at a remote measurement site near Mexico City]
  • Saide PE, SN Spak, GR Carmichael, MA Mena-Carrasco, Q Yang, S Howell, DC Leon, JR Snider, AR Bandy, JL Collett, KB Benedict, SP de Szoeke, LN Hawkins, G Allen, I Crawford, J Crosier, and SR Springston. 2012. "Evaluating WRF-Chem aerosol indirect effects in Southeast Pacific marine stratocumulus during VOCALS-REx." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12(11), 3045-3064, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-29723-2011.
    [evaluation of aerosol indirect effects coupled with MOSAIC and Lin microphysics]
  • Shrivastava M, A Zelenyuk, D Imre, RC Easter, J Beranek, RA Zaveri, and JD Fast. 2012. "Implications of low volatility SOA and gas-phase fragmentation reactions on SOA loadings and their spatial and temporal evolution in the atmosphere."Submitted to J. Geophys. Res.
    [modifications to the volatility basis set approach for SOA]
  • Shrivastava M, LK Berg, JD Fast, RC Easter, A Laskin, EG Chapman, WI Gustafson Jr, Y Liu, and C Berkowitz. 2012. "Modeling aerosols and their interaction with shallow cumuli during the 2007 CHAPS Field Study." Submitted to J. Geophys. Res.
    [evaluation of cloud-aerosol interactions using MOSAIC for shallow cumulus]
  • Yang Q, WI Gustafson Jr, JD Fast, H Wang, RC Easter, M Wang, SJ Ghan, LK Berg, LR Leung, and H Morrison. 2012. "Impact of natural and anthropogenic aerosols on marine stratocumulus and precipitation in the Southeast Pacific: A regional modelling study using WRF-Chem." Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12(6), 14622-14667, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-14623-2012.
    [effect of emission sources on cloud-aerosol interactions using MOSAIC]

2011

  • Fast JD, WI Gustafson Jr, EG Chapman, RC Easter, J Rishel, RA Zaveri, G Grell, and M Barth. 2011. "The Aerosol Modeling Testbed: A community tool to objectively evaluate aerosol process modules." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 343-360, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2868.1.
    [comparison of MADE/SORGAM and MOSAIC]
  • Grell GA, SR Freitas, M Stuefer, and JD Fast. 2011. "Inclusion of biomass burning in WRF-Chem: Impact on wildfires on weather forecasts." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11(12), 5289-5303, doi:10:105194/acpd-10-30613-2010.
  • Gustafson WI Jr, Y Qian, and JD Fast. 2011. "Downscaling aerosols and the impact of neglected sub-grid processes on aerosol radiative forcing for a representative GCM grid spacing." J. Geophys. Res., 116, D13303, doi:10.1029/2010JD015480.
    [using MOSAIC to examine sub-grid scale variability of aerosols]
  • Matsui H, M Koike, N Takegawa, A Wiedensohler, JD Fast, and RA Zaveri. 2011. "Impact of new particle formation on the concentration of aerosol number and cloud condensation nuclei around Beijing." J. Geophys. Res., 116, D19208, doi:10.1029/2011JD016025.
    [extending MOSAIC to include more size bins for new particle formation]
  • Seethala C, G Pandithurai, JD Fast, SD Polade, MS Reddy, and SE Peckham. 2011. "Evaluating WRF-Chem multi-scale model in simulating aerosol radiative properties over the tropics - A case study over India." MAPAN J. of Metrology Soc. of India, 26(4), 269-284.
    [evaluating AOD predicted by MOSAIC]
  • Shrivastava M, JD Fast, RC Easter, WI Gustafson Jr, RA Zaveri, A Hodzic, and J Jimenez. 2011. "Modeling organic aerosols in a megacity: comparison of simple and complex representations of the volatility basis set approach." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11(12), 6639-6662, doi:10.5194/acpd-10-30205-2010.
    [implementation of volatility basis set approach for SOA in MOSAIC]
  • Yang Q, WI Gustafson Jr, JD Fast, H Wang, RC Easter, H Morrison Y-N Lee, EG Chapman, SN Spak, and MA Mena-Carrasco. 2011. "Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11(8), 11951-11975, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-22663-2011.
    [assessing cloud-aerosol interactions coupled with MOSAIC and Morrison microphysics]

2010

  • Matsui H, M Koike, Y Kondo, N Takegawa, Y Miyazaki, JD Fast, U Poschl, RM Garland, A Wiedensohler, N Sugimoto, and T Zhu. 2010. "Spatial and temporal variations of aerosols around Beijing in summer 2006: 2. Local and column aerosol optical properties." J. Geophys. Res., 115, D22207, doi:10.1029/2010JD013895.
  • Qian Y, WI Gustafson Jr, and JD Fast. 2010. "An investigation of the sub-grid variability of trace gases and aerosols for global climate models." Atmos Chem. Phys., 10(14), 6917-6946, doi:10.5194/acp-10-6917-2010.
    [simulation of particulates using MOSAIC]
  • Zhao C, X Liu, LR Leung, B Johnson, S McFarlane, WI Gustafson Jr, JD Fast, and RC Easter. 2010. "The spatial distribution of dust and its short wave radiative forcing over North Africa: Modeling sensitivity to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments." Atmos Chem. Phys., 10(4), 9753-9799, doi:10.5194/acpd-10-9753-2010.
    [coupling GOCART dust emission and RRTMG radiation to MOSAIC]

2009

  • *Fast JD, A Aiken, L Alexander, T Campos, M Canagaratna, E Chapman, P DeCarlo, B de Foy, J Gaffney, J de Gouw, JC Doran, L Emmons, A Hodzic, S Herndon, G Huey, J Jayne, J Jimenez, L Kleinman, W Kuster, N Marley, C Ochoa, T Onasch, M Pekour, C Song, C Warneke, D Welsh-Bon, C Wiedinmyer, X-Y Yu, and R Zaveri. 2009. "Evaluating simulated primary anthropogenic and biomass burning organic aerosols during MILAGRO: Implications for assessing treatments of secondary organic aerosols." Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 9:4805-4871.
    [simulation of organic matter using MOSAIC]
  • *Fast JD, B de Foy, F Acevedo Rosas, E Caetano, G Carmichael, L Emmons, D McKenna, M Mena, W Skamarock, X Tie, RL Coulter, JC Barnard, C Wiedinmyer and S Madronich. 2007. "A meteorological overview of the MILAGRO field campaigns." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2233-2257
    [use of passive tracer option in WRF-Chem]
  • Ntelekos A, JA Smith, L Donner, JD Fast, EG Chapman, WI Gustafson Jr, and WF Krajewski. 2009. "Effect of aerosols on intense convective precipitation in the northeastern U.S." Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 1367-1391.
    [simulation of cloud-aerosol interactions using MOSAIC]
  • *Qian Y, WI Gustafson Jr, LR Leung, and SJ Ghan. 2009. "Effects of soot-induced snow albedo change on snowpack and hydrological cycle in western United States based on Weather Research and Forecasting chemistry and regional climate simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi:10.1029/2008JD011039.
    [simulation of black carbon using MOSAIC]
  • Wyant M, R Wood, CS Bretherton, CR Mechoso, J Bacmeister, MA Balmaseda, B Barrett, F Codron, P Earnshaw, JD Fast, A Hall, C Hanney, J Kaiser, H Kitagawa, SA Klein, M Kohler, J Manganello, H-L Pan, S Wang, and Y Wang. 2009. "The PreVOCA experiment: Modeling the lower troposphere in the southeast Pacific." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4757-4774.

2008

  • Shaw WJ, KJ Allwine, BG Fritz, FC Rutz, JP Rishel, and EG Chapman, 2008. "An evaluation of the wind erosion module in DUSTRAN." Atmos. Environ. 42(8):1907-1921.
    [description of dust emission module used with MOSAIC]
  • Shrivastava MK, TE Lane, NM Donahue, SN Pandis, and AL Robinson. 2008. "Effects of gas particle partitioning and aging of primary emissions on urban and regional organic aerosol concentrations." J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:101029/2007JF009735.
  • *Zaveri RA, RC Easter, JD Fast, and LK Peters. 2008. "Model for simulating aerosol interactions and chemistry." J. Geophys. Res., 113, D13204, doi:10.1029/2007JD008792.
    [part 3 of MOSAIC description]

2005

  • *Zaveri RA, RC Easter, and LK Peters. 2005. "A computationally efficient multi-component equilibrium solver for aerosols (MESA)." J. Geophys. Res., 110:D24203, doi:10.1029/2004JD005618.
    [part 2 of MOSAIC description]
  • *Zaveri RA, RC Easter, and AS Wexler. 2005. "A new method for multicomponent activity coefficients of electrolytes in aqueous atmospheric particles." J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi:10.1029/2004JD004681.
    [part 1 of MOSAIC description]

2004

  • *Barnard JC, EG Chapman, JD Fast, JR Schmelzer, JR Schlusser, and RE Shetter. 2004. "An evaluation of the FAST-J photolysis model for predicting nitrogen dioxide photolysis rates under clear and cloudy sky conditions." Atmos Environ., 38:3393-3403.
    [evaluation of Fast-J]
  • Easter RC, SJ Ghan, Y Zhang, RD Saylor, EG Chapman, NS Laulainen, H Abdul-Razzak, LR Leung, X Bian, and RA Zaveri. 2004. "MIRAGE: Model description and evaluation of aerosols and trace gases." J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2004JD004571.
    [description of wet removal processes used with MOSAIC]

2001

  • Fahey KM and SN Pandis. 2001. "Optimizing model performance: variable size resolution in cloud chemistry modeling." Atmos. Environ., 35:4471-4478.
    [cloud chemistry used with MOSAIC]
  • Ghan SJ, NS Laulainen, RC Easter, R Wagener, S Nemesure, EG Chapman, Y Zhang, and LR Leung. 2001b. "Evaluation of aerosol direct radiative forcing in MIRAGE." J. Geophys. Res., 106:5295-5316.
    [description of cloud droplet number and aerosol activation used with MOSAIC]
  • Ghan SJ, RC Easter, J Hudson, and F-M Breon. 2001a. "Evaluation of aerosol indirect radiative forcing in MIRAGE." J. Geophys. Res., 106:5317-5334.
    [computation of Mie theory for volume averaging approximation in aerosol optical properties]

2000

  • Wild O, X Zhu,, MJ Prather, and JD Fast.. 2000. "Accurate simulation of in- and below cloud photolysis in tropospheric chemical models." J. Atmos. Chem., 37:245-282.
    [description of Fast-J used by WRF-Chem]

1999

  • *Zaveri RA and LK Peters. 1999. "A new lumped structure photochemical mechanism for large-scale applications." J. Geophys. Res., 104:30,387-30,415.
    [description of first version of CBM-Z]

1997

  • Gong SL, LA Barrie, and JP Blanchet. 1997. "Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere: 1. Model development." J. Geophys. Res., 102:3805-3818.
    [description of sea-salt emissions used with MOSAIC]
  • Gong SL, LA Barrie, JM Propspero, DL Savoie, GP Ayers, JP Blanchet, and L Spacek. 1997. "Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere: 2. Atmospheric concentrations and fluxes." J. Geophys. Res., 102:3819-3830.
    [description of sea-salt emissions used with MOSAIC]

Conference presentations of external collaborations

  • Grell G, JD Fast, WI Gustafson Jr, S Freitas, S McKeen, and S Peckham. 2009. "New implementations and evaluation for WRF-Chem v3.1." The 10th WRF User's Workshop, June 23, Boulder, CO, 1.10.
  • Zhang Y, JA Smith, Z Wang, JD Fast, EG Chapman, Q Wu, ML Baeck, J Yeung, A Michel, J Yeung, and WI Gustafson Jr. 2009. " Impacts of emission reduction scenarios on regional climate and local air quality for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games." Spring AGU Joint Assembly, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, A21B-05.
  • Peckham SE G Grell, SA McKeen, JD Fast, WI Gustafson Jr, JC Barnard, and RA Zaveri. 2009. "Examining the impact of radiative absorption and scattering by atmospheric aerosols on WRF-Chem forecasts." The 11th Conference on Atmospheric Chemistry, American Meteorological Society, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Hodzic A, JD Fast, FM Flocke, S Madronich, and RA Zaveri. 2008. "Assessing the evolution of aerosol pollution in the Mexico City outflow using the WRF-Chem model and MILAGRO data." The 10th International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Conference, September 7, Annecy, France.
  • Grell GA, JD Fast, WI Gustafson Jr, S Freitas, R Schmitz, T Diehl, and SE Peckham. 2008. "Version 3 of WRF-Chem: New implementations and evaluations." The 9th WRF User's Conference, June 23-27, Boulder, CO, 4.1
  • Zhang Y, XM Hu, Y Pan, XY Wen, YS Chen, JD Fast, GA Grell, SE Peckham, KL Schere, and CJ Jang. 2008. "Updates on the development and application of WRF-Chem-MADRID." The 9th WRF Users' Workshop, June 23-27, Boulder, CO, 4.5.
  • Peckham S, GA Grell, SA McKeen, JD Fast, and WI Gustafson Jr. 2008. "WRF-Chem and studies of weather modification." The 17th Conference on Planned & Inadvertent Weather Modification, April 21-25, New Orleans, LA.
  • Hodzic A, F Flocke, S Madronich, J Fast, W Zheng, A.Weinheimer, D Montzka, D Knapp, L Mauldin, P Wennberg, J Crounse, D McCabe, A Clarke, C Hostetler, and J Hair. 2007. "Contribution of dust particles to the heterogeneous removal of acidic gases from the atmosphere during the MIRAGE experiment." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A23C-1476.
  • Ferrare R, C Hostetler, J Hair, A Cook, D Harper, S Burton, M Obland, R Rogers, L Kleinman, A Clarke, JD Fast, M Chin, G Carmichael, Y Tang, L Emmons, B Pierce, and C Kittaka. 2007. "Airborne high spectral resolution Lidar aerosol measurements and comparisons with transport models." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A14D-06.
  • Peckham S, GA Grell, SA McKeen, JD Fast, and WI Gustafson Jr. 2008.: " WRF-Chem and studies of weather modification." The 17th Conference on Planned & Inadvertent Weather Modification, New Orleans, LA.
  • Hodzic A, F Flocke, S Madronich, J Fast, W. Zheng, A Weinheimer, D Montzka, D Knapp, L Mauldin, P Wennberg, J Crounse, D McCabe, A Clarke, C Hostetler, and J Hair. 2007. " Contribution of dust particles to the heterogeneous removal of acidic gases from the atmosphere during the MIRAGE experiment." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A23C-1476.
  • *Ferrare R, C Hostetler, J Hair, A Cook, D Harper, S Burton, M Obland, R Rogers, L Kleinman, A Clarke, J Fast, M Chin, G Carmichael, Y Tang, L Emmons, B Pierce, and C Kittaka. 2007. "Airborne high spectral resolution Lidar aerosol measurements and comparisons with transport models." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A14D-06.
  • Grell GA, JD Fast, WI Gustafson Jr, S Freitas, R Schmitz, T Diehl, and SE Peckham. 2008. "Version 3 of WRF-Chem: New implementations and evaluations." The 9th WRF User's Conference, June 23-27, Boulder, CO, 4.1.
  • Zhang Y, XM Hu, Y Pan, XY Wen, YS Chen, JD Fast, GA Grell, SE Peckham, KL Schere, and CJ Jang. 2008. "Updates on the development and application of WRF-Chem-MADRID." The 9th WRF Users' Workshop, June 23-27, Boulder, CO, 4.5.
  • Peckham SE, GA Grell, SA McKeen, JD Fast, and WI Gustafson Jr. 2008. "WRF-Chem and studies of weather modification." The 17th Conference on Planned & Inadvertent Weather Modification, April 21-25, New Orleans, LA.
  • Hodzic A, F Flocke, S Madronich, JD Fast, W. Zheng, A Weinheimer, D Montzka, D Knapp, L Mauldin, P Wennberg, J Crounse, D McCabe, A Clarke, C Hostetler, and J Hair. 2007. "Contribution of dust particles to the heterogeneous removal of acidic gases from the atmosphere during the MIRAGE experiment." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A23C-1476.
  • *Ferrare R, C Hostetler, J Hair, A Cook, D Harper, S Burton, M Obland, R Rogers, L Kleinman, A Clarke, JD Fast, M Chin, G Carmichael, Y Tang, L Emmons, B Pierce, and C Kittaka. 2007. "Airborne high spectral resolution Lidar aerosol measurements and comparisons with transport models." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A14D-06.
  • Matsui H, M Koike, JD Fast, Y Kondo, and N Takegawa. 2007. "Air quality modeling studies over mega-city regions in east Asia." The 8th WRF Users' Workshop, National Center for Atmospheric Research, June 11-15, Boulder, CO, 4.5.
  • Wiedinmyer C, S Chung, J Fast, and A Guenther. 2007. "The influence of aerosols on biogenic emissions: A case study in eastern U.S." The 8th WRF Users' Workshop, National Center for Atmospheric Research, June 11-15, Boulder, CO, 4.10.
  • Chung S, SA McKeen, JD Fast, RA Zaveri, JC Barnard, GA Grell, and SE Peckham. 2006. "Impact of radiative absorption by aerosols on meteorology over the eastern United States in July 2004." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A42B-07.
  • Peckham SE, GA Grell, SA McKeen, JM Wilczak, and JD Fast. 2005. " Evaluating the impact of parameterization choice on WRF-Chemistry simulations." Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, San Francisco, CA, A11B-0866.

WRF-Chem

Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Fundamental & Computational Sciences